How to format your references using the Burns citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Burns. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
McGill BJ. Ecology. A renaissance in the study of abundance. Science 2006;314:770–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Fernández-Martínez LT, Bibb MJ. Use of the meganuclease I-SceI of Saccharomyces cerevisiae to select for gene deletions in actinomycetes. Sci Rep 2014;4:7100.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Culley AI, Lang AS, Suttle CA. Metagenomic analysis of coastal RNA virus communities. Science 2006;312:1795–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
White JD, Chen J, Matsiev D, Auerbach DJ, Wodtke AM. Conversion of large-amplitude vibration to electron excitation at a metal surface. Nature 2005;433:503–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Elias H-G. Macromolecules. D-69451 Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH; 2006.
An edited book
[1]
Heredia RR, Altarriba J, editors. Foundations of Bilingual Memory. New York, NY: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Burgess LC. Provenance in Digital Libraries: Source, Context, Value and Trust. In: Lemieux VL, editor. Building Trust in Information: Perspectives on the Frontiers of Provenance, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 81–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Burns.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Upcoming Battery Will Charge Phones And Electric Cars in Minutes. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/upcoming-battery-will-charge-phones-and-electric-cars-minutes/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Space Acquisitions: Uncertainties in the Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle Program Pose Management and Oversight Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Flores MY. Delinquency prevention program for Latino youth: A grant proposal project. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Greenhouse L. COURT TO WEIGH RACE AS A FACTOR IN SCHOOL ROLLS. New York Times 2006:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBurns
AbbreviationBurns
ISSN (print)0305-4179
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
Emergency Medicine
Surgery

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