How to format your references using the Human Microbiome Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Microbiome Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Neelakantan S. Psychology: Mind over myocardium. Nature 2013;493:S16-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Ruocco G, Fratalocchi A. Period doubling induced by thermal noise amplification in genetic circuits. Sci Rep 2014;4:7088.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Schall P, Weitz DA, Spaepen F. Structural rearrangements that govern flow in colloidal glasses. Science 2007;318:1895–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Erez N, Gordon G, Nest M, Kurizki G. Thermodynamic control by frequent quantum measurements. Nature 2008;452:724–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Hitchner JR. Financial Valuation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
[1]
Tsao JW, editor. Traumatic Brain Injury: A Clinician’s Guide to Diagnosis, Management, and Rehabilitation. New York, NY: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
MacIntosh GC. RNase T2 Family: Enzymatic Properties, Functional Diversity, and Evolution of Ancient Ribonucleases. In: Nicholson AW, editor. Ribonucleases, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011, p. 89–114.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Microbiome Journal.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. 25 Bizarre Genetic And Developmental Mistakes You Have to See to Believe. IFLScience 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Personnel Security: Pass and Security Clearance Data for the Executive Office of the President. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Gossett JM. Autobiographical insights into the spiritual psychologies of Jung and Bion. Doctoral dissertation. Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Leland J. Grandmaster Flash Beats Back Time. New York Times 2016:MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Microbiome Journal
ISSN (print)2452-2317
ScopeInfectious Diseases
Microbiology (medical)

Other styles