How to format your references using the Human Microbiome Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Microbiome Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Moritz MA. Wildfires ignite debate on global warming. Nature 2012;487:273.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Kelleher RJ 3rd, Shen J. Genetics. Gamma-secretase and human disease. Science 2010;330:1055–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Yin J, Sun Y, Ge F. Reduced plant nutrition under elevated CO₂ depresses the immunocompetence of cotton bollworm against its endoparasite. Sci Rep 2014;4:4538.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Liu W, Christenson SD, Standage S, Shen B. Biosynthesis of the enediyne antitumor antibiotic C-1027. Science 2002;297:1170–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Waigh TA. The Physics of Living Processes. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Hazareesingh S, Maat H, editors. Local Subversions of Colonial Cultures: Commodities and Anti-Commodities in Global History. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Parsi MA. Cholangioscopy and Pancreatoscopy: Their Role in Benign and Malignant Disease. In: Adler DG, editor. Advanced Pancreaticobiliary Endoscopy, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 51–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Microbiome Journal.

Blog post
[1]
Davis J. Hundreds Of Earthworks Found In Amazon Rainforest Reveal Ancient Human Activity. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/hundreds-of-earthworks-found-in-amazon-rainforest-reveal-ancient-human-activity/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. SBA Loan Monitoring System: Substantial Progress Yet Key Risks and Challenges Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Olszewski RM. Donor Motivations for Donating to a Nonprofit Without a Previous Relationship. Doctoral dissertation. Northcentral University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Hodara S. Canvases So Big They Are Seldom Seen. New York Times 2015:WE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Microbiome Journal
ISSN (print)2452-2317
ScopeInfectious Diseases
Microbiology (medical)

Other styles