How to format your references using the Journal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Jerrett M. Atmospheric science: The death toll from air-pollution sources. Nature 2015;525:330–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Eom Y-H, Jo H-H. Generalized friendship paradox in complex networks: the case of scientific collaboration. Sci Rep 2014;4:4603.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Wagner CE, Harmon LJ, Seehausen O. Ecological opportunity and sexual selection together predict adaptive radiation. Nature 2012;487:366–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Chandrashekar J, Hoon MA, Ryba NJP, Zuker CS. The receptors and cells for mammalian taste. Nature 2006;444:288–94.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Carroll JM, Bowyer-Crane C, Duff FJ, Hulme C, Snowling MJ. Developing Language and Literacy. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Guandalini S, Dhawan A, Branski D, editors. Textbook of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition: A Comprehensive Guide to Practice. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Batmanov K, Kuttler C, Lemaire F, Lhoussaine C, Versari C. Symmetry-Based Model Reduction for Approximate Stochastic Analysis. In: Gilbert D, Heiner M, editors. Computational Methods in Systems Biology: 10th International Conference, CMSB 2012, London, UK, October 3-5, 2012. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012, p. 49–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute.

Blog post
[1]
Andrews R. At Least Three Asteroids Set To Zip By Earth This Wednesday. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/space/at-least-three-asteroids-set-to-zip-by-earth-this-wednesday/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Traffic Congestion: Road Pricing Can Help Reduce Congestion, but Equity Concerns May Grow. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Capelli AM. The (Un)Balanced Canon: Re-Visioning Feminist Conceptions of Madness and Transgression. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Walsh MW. In California, Study Says, Teachers’ Pensions Fall Short of Other Public Workers’. New York Times 2011:B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute
AbbreviationJ. Egypt. Natl. Canc. Inst.
ISSN (print)1110-0362
ScopeCancer Research
Oncology

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