How to format your references using the Journal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Tso TC. Agriculture of the future. Nature 2004;428:215–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Aldy JE, Stavins RN. Climate change. Climate negotiators create an opportunity for scholars. Science 2012;337:1043–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Wilson RI, Turner GC, Laurent G. Transformation of olfactory representations in the Drosophila antennal lobe. Science 2004;303:366–70.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Hon W-C, Wilson MI, Harlos K, Claridge TDW, Schofield CJ, Pugh CW, et al. Structural basis for the recognition of hydroxyproline in HIF-1 alpha by pVHL. Nature 2002;417:975–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Bonald T, Feuillet M. Network Performance Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Purvis M. Beginning Google Maps Applications with PHP and Ajax: From Novice to Professional. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Guth BD. Methods in Cardiovascular Safety Pharmacology. In: Vogel HG, Hock FJ, Maas J, Mayer D, editors. Drug Discovery and Evaluation: Safety and Pharmacokinetic Assays, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006, p. 61–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute.

Blog post
[1]
Andrews R. Young Earth Creationist Ben Carson Could Be America’s New Secretary Of Education. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/young-earth-creationist-ben-carson-americas-secretary-education/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Truck Transport: Little Is Known About Hauling Garbage and Food in the Same Vehicles. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Ross NJ. Facilitating shared understanding: A grounded theory for decision-making in pain management. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Wagner J. Cubs Send Nationals to Their Latest Early Exit. New York Times 2017:B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute
AbbreviationJ. Egypt. Natl. Canc. Inst.
ISSN (print)1110-0362
ScopeCancer Research
Oncology

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