How to format your references using the Journal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Shubin N. Farish A. Jenkins Jr (1940-2012). Nature 2012;492:42.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Barkai N, Leibler S. Circadian clocks limited by noise. Nature 2000;403:267–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Boos D, Yekezare M, Diffley JFX. Identification of a heteromeric complex that promotes DNA replication origin firing in human cells. Science 2013;340:981–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Stuart FM, Lass-Evans S, Fitton JG, Ellam RM. High 3He/4He ratios in picritic basalts from Baffin Island and the role of a mixed reservoir in mantle plumes. Nature 2003;424:57–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Welsh AH. Aspects of Statistical Inference: Welsh/Aspects. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1996.
An edited book
[1]
Roy B, Sendrier N, editors. Progress in Cryptology - INDOCRYPT 2009: 10th International Conference on Cryptology in India, New Delhi, India, December 13-16, 2009. Proceedings. vol. 5922. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Li X-G, Niculescu S-I, Çela A. Invariance Property: A Unique Idea for Complete Stability Analysis. In: Niculescu S-I, Cela A, editors. Analytic Curve Frequency-Sweeping Stability Tests for Systems with Commensurate Delays, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 47–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Mysterious Disease Has Been Devastating Starfish. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/mysterious-disease-has-been-devastating-starfish/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. FAA Safety Inspector Training Survey Data, an E-supplement to GAO-05-728. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Chongkrairatanakul W. Foreign-educated nurses. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kanter J. Price-Fixing Inquiry Moves From BMW to Daimler and VW. New York Times 2017:B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute
AbbreviationJ. Egypt. Natl. Canc. Inst.
ISSN (print)1110-0362
ScopeCancer Research
Oncology

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