How to format your references using the Journal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Joppa LN. Journal club. An ecologist calls for a citizen-science “Wiki.” Nature 2009;459:619.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Feld JJ, Hoofnagle JH. Mechanism of action of interferon and ribavirin in treatment of hepatitis C. Nature 2005;436:967–72.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Schmitz D, Mellor J, Nicoll RA. Presynaptic kainate receptor mediation of frequency facilitation at hippocampal mossy fiber synapses. Science 2001;291:1972–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Fukami H, Budd AF, Paulay G, Solé-Cava A, Allen Chen C, Iwao K, et al. Conventional taxonomy obscures deep divergence between Pacific and Atlantic corals. Nature 2004;427:832–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Wells R. Global Credit Management. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2004.
An edited book
[1]
Iijima S, Nishijima K-I, editors. Animal Cell Technology: Basic & Applied Aspects. vol. 14. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Guzman MI. Abiotic Photosynthesis: From Prebiotic Chemistry to Metabolism. In: Egel R, Lankenau D-H, Mulkidjanian AY, editors. Origins of Life: The Primal Self-Organization, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011, p. 85–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute.

Blog post
[1]
Hale T. The Strange Process Of Coral Bleaching Is Caught On Camera For First Time. IFLScience 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Release of Carson City Silver Dollar Bidders List. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Zanjani F. Leadership and decision making of successful Iranian American. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Dominus S. The Sexual Healer. New York Times 2014:ST1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute
AbbreviationJ. Egypt. Natl. Canc. Inst.
ISSN (print)1110-0362
ScopeCancer Research
Oncology

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