How to format your references using the Swiss Journal of Geosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Swiss Journal of Geosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wentworth, P., Jr. (2002). Tech.Sight. Antibody design by man and nature. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5576), 2247–2249.
A journal article with 2 authors
Purves, D., & Pacala, S. (2008). Predictive models of forest dynamics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5882), 1452–1453.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dubash, N. K., Fleurbaey, M., & Kartha, S. (2014). Climate policy. Political implications of data presentation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6192), 36–37.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Xie, W., Barwick, J. L., Downes, M., Blumberg, B., Simon, C. M., Nelson, M. C., et al. (2000). Humanized xenobiotic response in mice expressing nuclear receptor SXR. Nature, 406(6794), 435–439.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Santamarina, J. C., & Fratta, D. (2006). Discrete Signals and Inverse Problems. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Day, J. W., Kemp, G. P., Freeman, A. M., & Muth, D. P. (Eds.). (2014). Perspectives on the Restoration of the Mississippi Delta: The Once and Future Delta. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Lei, L., Lin, C., & Zhong, Z. (2015). Performance Analysis of Device-to-Device Communications with Dynamic Interference Using SPNs. In C. Lin & Z. Zhong (Eds.), Stochastic Petri Nets for Wireless Networks (pp. 41–78). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Swiss Journal of Geosciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 21). NASA Funds Program To Turn Poop Into Food. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Telecommunications: Ohio Cable Television Rate Increases, 1986 to Present (No. RCED-88-236FS). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Danso Odei, P. K. (2017). Effective Resolution of The Bibiani-Anhwianso-Bekwai District Healthcare Delivery System: An Outcome-Based Evaluative Case (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B., & Barnard, A. (2016, November 10). In the Middle East, Another Conflict: What to Make of the Election of Trump. New York Times, p. P3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wentworth 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Purves and Pacala 2008; Wentworth 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Purves and Pacala 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Xie et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleSwiss Journal of Geosciences
AbbreviationSwiss J. Geosci.
ISSN (print)1661-8726
ISSN (online)1661-8734

Other styles