How to format your references using the Swiss Journal of Geosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Swiss Journal of Geosciences (Swiss J Geosci). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vogel, J. (2014). Biochemistry. A bacterial seek-and-destroy system for foreign DNA. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6187), 972–973.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boettiger, A. N., & Levine, M. (2009). Synchronous and stochastic patterns of gene activation in the Drosophila embryo. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5939), 471–473.
A journal article with 3 authors
Halevy, I., Peters, S. E., & Fischer, W. W. (2012). Sulfate burial constraints on the Phanerozoic sulfur cycle. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6092), 331–334.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bringa, E. M., Caro, A., Wang, Y., Victoria, M., McNaney, J. M., Remington, B. A., et al. (2005). Ultrahigh strength in nanocrystalline materials under shock loading. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5742), 1838–1841.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lane, M. J. (2015). The Mission-Driven Venture. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Zwaag, S. van der (Ed.). (2007). Self Healing Materials: An Alternative Approach to 20 Centuries of Materials Science (Vol. 100). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Aikins, J. K. (2016). Indigenising Democracy? Renegotiating the Role of Indigenous Political Authorities in Ghana’s Constitution Review. In N. Dhawan, E. Fink, J. Leinius, & R. Mageza-Barthel (Eds.), Negotiating Normativity (pp. 61–77). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Swiss Journal of Geosciences.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, April 16). A Subsurface Ocean on Pluto? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). Interstate Commerce Commission: Budget and Other Impacts of Eliminating or Transferring Functions (No. T-RCED-95-111). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lofton, C. D. (2012). Mid-Career Transitions: A Qualitative Study Examining the Developmental Relationships, Attitudes, Networks, and Strategies of Frontline Workers that Seek Career Development and Advancement (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, P., & Shear, M. D. (2017, May 21). To President, Human Rights Concerns Are Often a Barrier to Trade. New York Times, p. A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bradshaw 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Blomgren 2000; Raushel 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Boettiger and Levine 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Fujita et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleSwiss Journal of Geosciences
AbbreviationSwiss J. Geosci.
ISSN (print)1661-8726
ISSN (online)1661-8734

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