How to format your references using the Swiss Journal of Geosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Swiss Journal of Geosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoffman, S. (2004). Save the children. Nature, 430(7002), 940–941.
A journal article with 2 authors
Golestani, A., & Gras, R. (2014). Can we predict the unpredictable? Scientific reports, 4, 6834.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bajcsy, M., Zibrov, A. S., & Lukin, M. D. (2003). Stationary pulses of light in an atomic medium. Nature, 426(6967), 638–641.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Liu, S., Li, P., Dybkov, O., Nottrott, S., Hartmuth, K., Lührmann, R., et al. (2007). Binding of the human Prp31 Nop domain to a composite RNA-protein platform in U4 snRNP. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5821), 115–120.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bragg, S. M. (2010). Running an Effective Investor Relations Department. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Khalil, I., Neuhold, E., Tjoa, A. M., Xu, L. D., & You, I. (Eds.). (2015). Information and Communication Technology: Third IFIP TC 5/8 International Conference, ICT-EurAsia 2015, and 9th IFIP WG 8.9 Working Conference, CONFENIS 2015, Held as Part of WCC 2015, Daejeon, Korea, October 4-7, 2015, Proceedings (Vol. 9357). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Viktorova, I., Fairchild, K., & Fischer, J. (2013). Modeling Heat Explosion for a Viscoelastic Material. In J. Rychtář, S. Gupta, R. Shivaji, & M. Chhetri (Eds.), Topics from the 8th Annual UNCG Regional Mathematics and Statistics Conference (pp. 31–37). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Swiss Journal of Geosciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, April 23). New Antiviral Shows Potential Against Ebola. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1972). Federal Manpower Training Program--GAO Conclusions and Observations (No. B-146879). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Samel, C. (2014). Imagination and negotiation: Motivations for Cambodian women to marry Cambodian American men (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2001, November 14). World Briefing | Europe: Ukraine: President Signs Land Reform Law. New York Times, p. A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoffman 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Golestani and Gras 2014; Hoffman 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Golestani and Gras 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleSwiss Journal of Geosciences
AbbreviationSwiss J. Geosci.
ISSN (print)1661-8726
ISSN (online)1661-8734

Other styles