How to format your references using the Swiss Journal of Geosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Swiss Journal of Geosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Insel, T. R. (2007). Neuroscience. Shining light on depression. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5839), 757–758.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wong, W., & Barlow, H. (2000). Tunes and templates. Nature, 404(6781), 952–953.
A journal article with 3 authors
Akihiko, T., Morioka, Y., & Behera, S. K. (2014). Role of climate variability in the heatstroke death rates of Kanto region in Japan. Scientific reports, 4, 5655.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Nieuwenhuis, J., Adamopoulos, A., Bleijerveld, O. B., Mazouzi, A., Stickel, E., Celie, P., et al. (2017). Vasohibins encode tubulin detyrosinating activity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 358(6369), 1453–1456.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lundberg, U., & Cooper, C. L. (2010). The Science of Occupational Health. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Lam, C.-M., & Park, J. (Eds.). (2016). Sociological and Philosophical Perspectives on Education in the Asia-Pacific Region (Vol. 29). Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Babatunde, Y., & Low, S. P. (2015). Appraisal of the Relationships Between the Chinese and the Nigerian Construction Industries. In S. P. Low (Ed.), Cross-Cultural Management and Quality Performance: Chinese Construction Firms in Nigeria (pp. 59–66). Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Swiss Journal of Geosciences.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016, May 12). Squirrel Leprosy Experiment To Take Place In Southern England. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). Highway Contracting: Disadvantaged Business Program Meets Contract Goal, but Refinements Are Needed (No. RCED-94-168). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Prophete, K. S. (2013). How race, gender, and Pell status affect the persistence and degree attainment rates of dual enrollment students (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chira, S. (2017, March 5). Another Powerful Woman. Same Sexist Attacks. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Insel 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Insel 2007; Wong and Barlow 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wong and Barlow 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Nieuwenhuis et al. 2017)

About the journal

Full journal titleSwiss Journal of Geosciences
AbbreviationSwiss J. Geosci.
ISSN (print)1661-8726
ISSN (online)1661-8734

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