How to format your references using the Swiss Journal of Geosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Swiss Journal of Geosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Allen, P. A. (2008). From landscapes into geological history. Nature, 451(7176), 274–276.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fagiolini, M., & Hensch, T. K. (2000). Inhibitory threshold for critical-period activation in primary visual cortex. Nature, 404(6774), 183–186.
A journal article with 3 authors
Turalska, M., West, B. J., & Grigolini, P. (2013). Role of committed minorities in times of crisis. Scientific reports, 3, 1371.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Valverde, F., Mouradov, A., Soppe, W., Ravenscroft, D., Samach, A., & Coupland, G. (2004). Photoreceptor regulation of CONSTANS protein in photoperiodic flowering. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5660), 1003–1006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bersuker, I. B. (2010). Electronic Structure and Properties of Transition Metal Compounds. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Agresti, A., & Meng, X.-L. (Eds.). (2013). Strength in Numbers: The Rising of Academic Statistics Departments in the U. S. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Knox, E. (2014). Tomboys in the Work of Carson McCullers. In D. N. Farris, M. A. Davis, & D. R. Compton (Eds.), Illuminating How Identities, Stereotypes and Inequalities Matter through Gender Studies (pp. 43–52). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Swiss Journal of Geosciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, February 19). Watch: Amazing Visualization Of Arctic Ice Over The Last 25 Years. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Responses to Questions for the Record; Hearing on the Future of Air Traffic Control Modernization (No. GAO-07-928R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stroot, P. G. (2004). Novel Reverse Transcription Method Confirms Growth Inhibition of Bacteria Exposed to Domestic Wastewater (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2007, November 4). Elections Could Shift Power in Nassau. New York Times, p. 14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Allen 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Allen 2008; Fagiolini and Hensch 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fagiolini and Hensch 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Valverde et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleSwiss Journal of Geosciences
AbbreviationSwiss J. Geosci.
ISSN (print)1661-8726
ISSN (online)1661-8734
ScopeGeology

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