How to format your references using the Swiss Journal of Geosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Swiss Journal of Geosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gershon, D. (2000). Partners resolve their differences and unite at the second attempt. Nature, 405(6783), 258.
A journal article with 2 authors
Manne, A. S., & Richels, R. G. (2001). An alternative approach to establishing trade-offs among greenhouse gases. Nature, 410(6829), 675–677.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cremer, S., Sledge, M. F., & Heinze, J. (2002). Chemical mimicry: male ants disguised by the queen’s bouquet. Nature, 419(6910), 897.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lee, C. S., Friedman, J. R., Fulmer, J. T., & Kaestner, K. H. (2005). The initiation of liver development is dependent on Foxa transcription factors. Nature, 435(7044), 944–947.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schwedt, G. (2013). Experimente rund um die Kunststoffe des Alltags. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Sencar, H. T., & Memon, N. (Eds.). (2013). Digital Image Forensics: There is More to a Picture than Meets the Eye. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Deplazes, A., Ganguli-Mitra, A., & Biller-Andorno, N. (2010). The Ethics of Synthetic Biology: Outlining the Agenda. In M. Schmidt, A. Kelle, A. Ganguli-Mitra, & H. Vriend (Eds.), Synthetic Biology: The technoscience and its societal consequences (pp. 65–79). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Swiss Journal of Geosciences.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016, October 31). Tesla Unveils Solar Roof Tiles In Bid To Make Homes 100% Renewable. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). Mainframe Procurements: Statistics Showing How and What the Government is Acquiring (No. IMTEC-91-13). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bade, L. L. (2010). Extending the benefits of alcohol and drug treatment: An exploration of volunteer utilization and delivery of recovery services (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017, April 13). Chasing Trane: The John Coltrane Documentary. New York Times, p. C7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gershon 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gershon 2000; Manne and Richels 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Manne and Richels 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleSwiss Journal of Geosciences
AbbreviationSwiss J. Geosci.
ISSN (print)1661-8726
ISSN (online)1661-8734

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