How to format your references using the Caries Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Caries Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rothchild L: This Year’s . . Science 2000;289:871–872.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dustin ML, Colman DR: Neural and immunological synaptic relations. Science 2002;298:785–789.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sidhu ABS, Verdier-Pinard D, Fidock DA: Chloroquine resistance in Plasmodium falciparum malaria parasites conferred by pfcrt mutations. Science 2002;298:210–213.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ma Y, Creanga A, Lum L, Beachy PA: Prevalence of off-target effects in Drosophila RNA interference screens. Nature 2006;443:359–363.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rohde UL, Jain GC, Poddar AK, Ghosh AK: Introduction to Integral Calculus, Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011.
An edited book
Ramon J, Denis LJ, editors: Prostate Cancer, Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Aula P, Heinonen J: Extended Culture; in Heinonen J (ed): The Reputable Firm: How Digitalization of Communication Is Revolutionizing Reputation Management. Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2016, pp 99–119.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Caries Research.

Blog post
Andrew D: Watch What Happens When You Put A Red-Hot Nickel Ball On Ice [Internet]. IFLScience 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/red-hot-nickel-ball-ice/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Need To Improve Management of ACDA’s Automatic Data Processing and Operations Analysis Functions, Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1983.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Trump RK: Self -brand overlap and dissociation 2010;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Billard M: A Big Push To Get Going. New York Times 2012;E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleCaries Research
AbbreviationCaries Res.
ISSN (print)0008-6568
ISSN (online)1421-976X
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

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