How to format your references using the Pharmaceutical Methods citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pharmaceutical Methods. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Gammon K. Drugs: Blood battles. Nature. 2013;493(7434):S14-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Vance SA, Sandros MG. Zeptomole detection of C-reactive protein in serum by a nanoparticle amplified surface plasmon resonance imaging aptasensor. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5129.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Doeller CF, Barry C, Burgess N. Evidence for grid cells in a human memory network. Nature. 2010;463(7281):657-661.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Iwashita T, Kruger GM, Pardal R, Kiel MJ, Morrison SJ. Hirschsprung disease is linked to defects in neural crest stem cell function. Science. 2003;301(5635):972-976.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Worth SM. The Association Guide to Going Global. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Motta G, Rizzo F, Storer JA, eds. Hyperspectral Data Compression. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Vitasek K, Manrodt K, Kling J. U.S. Department of Energy Transforms Weapons Wasteland to Wildlife Site. In: Manrodt K, Kling J, eds. Vested: How P&G, McDonald’s and Microsoft Are Redefining Winning in Business Relationships. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US; 2012:61-87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pharmaceutical Methods.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. 170-Year-Old Shipwreck Beer Tastes Like Goat And Smells Of Rotting Cabbage. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Information Management: The National Technical Information Service’s Dissemination of Technical Reports Needs Attention. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Wilson B. Scale effects and the determinants of parcel subdivision: A discrete -time hazard analysis. 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Wagner J. Matz Heads to the D.L. With a Tight Shoulder. New York Times. August 23, 2016:B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePharmaceutical Methods
AbbreviationPharm. Methods
ISSN (print)2229-4708
Scope

Other styles