How to format your references using the Sustainable Water Resources Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sustainable Water Resources Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Curchoe CL (2015) The power of mentoring. Science 350:478
A journal article with 2 authors
Ochman H, Raghavan R (2009) Systems biology. Excavating the functional landscape of bacterial cells. Science 326:1200–1201
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang Y, Duan Z, Fan D (2013) An ion diffusion method for visualising a solid-like water nanofilm. Sci Rep 3:3505
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Knutson HA, Charbonneau D, Allen LE, et al (2007) A map of the day-night contrast of the extrasolar planet HD 189733b. Nature 447:183–186

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hoppert M (2005) Microscopic Techniques in Biotechnology. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG
An edited book
Hartstein ME, Wulc AE, Holck DEE (eds) (2012) Midfacial Rejuvenation, 1st edn. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Bessas A, Kontogiannis S, Zaroliagis C (2009) Incentive-Compatible Robust Line Planning. In: Ahuja RK, Möhring RH, Zaroliagis CD (eds) Robust and Online Large-Scale Optimization: Models and Techniques for Transportation Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 85–118

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sustainable Water Resources Management.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Daylight Savings Is Linked To Injuries And Heart Attacks, Is It Time To Scrap It? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1983) [Aging Issues in the 1980’s: A Computerized Information System]. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nespoli G (2017) Impact of Supervisor Support on Employee Job Satisfaction Among Fundraising Staff Within Higher Education. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wejchert M (2017) Falling Off the Edge. New York Times A27

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Curchoe 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Ochman and Raghavan 2009; Curchoe 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ochman and Raghavan 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Knutson et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleSustainable Water Resources Management
AbbreviationSustain. Water Resour. Manag.
ISSN (print)2363-5037
ISSN (online)2363-5045

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