How to format your references using the Sustainable Water Resources Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sustainable Water Resources Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Garrett L (2012) Global health hits crisis point. Nature 482:7
A journal article with 2 authors
Kuncel NR, Hezlett SA (2007) Assessment. Standardized tests predict graduate students’ success. Science 315:1080–1081
A journal article with 3 authors
Zeng G-M, Wu L-A, Xing H-J (2014) Symmetry restoration and quantumness reestablishment. Sci Rep 4:6377
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Tang C, Toomajian C, Sherman-Broyles S, et al (2007) The evolution of selfing in Arabidopsis thaliana. Science 317:1070–1072

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vona LW (2017) Fraud Data Analytics Methodology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Schatzker J (2005) The Rationale of Operative Fracture Care, Third Edition. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Hess L (2015) The Meaning of Normativity of Meaning. In: Araszkiewicz M, Banaś P, Gizbert-Studnicki T, Płeszka K (eds) Problems of Normativity, Rules and Rule-Following. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 57–66

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sustainable Water Resources Management.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2016) What The Consistency Of Your Poo Says About Your Health. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) James Webb Space Telescope: Project Meeting Commitments but Current Technical, Cost, and Schedule Challenges Could Affect Continued Progress. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Randall R (2009) Department of Children and Family Services workers’ knowledge of childhood obesity and services for obese children. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S (2009) Russian Priest Killed in Church. New York Times A8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Garrett 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Kuncel and Hezlett 2007; Garrett 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kuncel and Hezlett 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Tang et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleSustainable Water Resources Management
AbbreviationSustain. Water Resour. Manag.
ISSN (print)2363-5037
ISSN (online)2363-5045

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