How to format your references using the Sustainable Water Resources Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sustainable Water Resources Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moyer MW (2013) Cell banks: life blood. Nature 498:S16
A journal article with 2 authors
Scharlemann JPW, Laurance WF (2008) Environmental science. How green are biofuels? Science 319:43–44
A journal article with 3 authors
Jeon S-M, Chandel NS, Hay N (2012) AMPK regulates NADPH homeostasis to promote tumour cell survival during energy stress. Nature 485:661–665
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Li X, Zhang G, Sun B, et al (2013) Stimulated leaf dark respiration in tomato in an elevated carbon dioxide atmosphere. Sci Rep 3:3433

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Burrell DB (2011) Towards a Jewish-Christian-Muslim Theology. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Broderick GA (ed) (2005) Oral Pharmacotherapy for Male Sexual Dysfunction: A Guide to Clinical Management. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ
A chapter in an edited book
Perez-Ruiz F, Herrero-Beites AM (2014) Treatment of Hyperuricemia in Gout. In: Herrero-Beites AM (ed) Managing Gout in Primary Care. Springer Healthcare Ltd., Tarporley, pp 41–52

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sustainable Water Resources Management.

Blog post
Andrews R (2017) Climate Change Prevention Info Is Disappearing From The EPA’s Website. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) Solid Rocket Motors: Loss of Oxidizer Production Necessitates Emergency Allocation Procedures. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baudy AR (2010) Efficacy of glucocorticoids in muscular dystrophy: Signaling, hormonal activities, and muscle inflammation. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B (2016) As Jaded as Bill Murray Trapped in a Time Warp. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Moyer 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Scharlemann and Laurance 2008; Moyer 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Scharlemann and Laurance 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleSustainable Water Resources Management
AbbreviationSustain. Water Resour. Manag.
ISSN (print)2363-5037
ISSN (online)2363-5045

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