How to format your references using the Sustainable Water Resources Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sustainable Water Resources Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gravitz L (2014) Therapy: This time it’s personal. Nature 509:S52-4
A journal article with 2 authors
Silver PG, Behn MD (2008) Intermittent plate tectonics? Science 319:85–88
A journal article with 3 authors
Chu R, Reczek D, Brondyk W (2014) Capture-stabilize approach for membrane protein SPR assays. Sci Rep 4:7360
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Matzke-Karasz R, Smith RJ, Symonova R, et al (2009) Sexual intercourse involving giant sperm in Cretaceous ostracode. Science 324:1535

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Belliotti RA (2011) Dante’s Deadly Sins. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Scarabino T (2006) Atlas of Morphology and Functional Anatomy of the Brain. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Hongguang Z, Minxuan Z (2016) A Novel L1 Cache Based on Volatile STT-RAM. In: Xu W, Xiao L, Li J, et al. (eds) Computer Engineering and Technology: 20th CCF Conference, NCCET 2016, Xi’an, China, August 10-12, 2016, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Singapore, pp 32–39

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sustainable Water Resources Management.

Blog post
Andrew D (2017) Not A Lizard Nor A Dinosaur, Tuatara Is The Sole Survivor Of A Once-Widespread Reptile Group. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1975) Need for a National Ocean Program and Plan. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garcia-Manglano J (2013) Working for pay or raising a family? Three papers on women’s work expectations and market outcomes. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rosenberg E (2016) Doctor Is Charged in Death After an Abortion. New York Times A21

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gravitz 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Silver and Behn 2008; Gravitz 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Silver and Behn 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Matzke-Karasz et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleSustainable Water Resources Management
AbbreviationSustain. Water Resour. Manag.
ISSN (print)2363-5037
ISSN (online)2363-5045

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