How to format your references using the APCBEE Procedia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for APCBEE Procedia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S.H. Shi, Amersham Biosciences & Science Prize. AMPA receptor dynamics and synaptic plasticity, Science. 294 (2001) 1851–1852.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. Acemoglu, J. Robinson, Economics. Foundations of societal inequality, Science. 326 (2009) 678–679.
A journal article with 3 authors
N. Asaadi, N.M. Ribe, F. Sobouti, Inferring nonlinear mantle rheology from the shape of the Hawaiian swell, Nature. 473 (2011) 501–504.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M.S. Si, J.Y. Li, D.Z. Yang, D.S. Xue, G.P. Zhang, Crystal-momentum dispersion of ultrafast spin change in fcc Co, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5010.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G.J. Bakus, Quantitative Analysis of Marine Biological Communities, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2007.
An edited book
B. Gidron, M. Bar, eds., Policy Initiatives Towards the Third Sector in International Perspective, Springer, New York, NY, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
D.G. Bachrach, J. Ogilvie, A. Rapp, J. Calamusa, In-Store Wi-Fi: Engaging Showroomers on Their Terms, in: J. Ogilvie, A. Rapp, J. Calamusa (Eds.), More Than a Showroom: Strategies for Winning Back Online Shoppers, Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY, 2016: pp. 75–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for APCBEE Procedia.

Blog post
J. Davis, How The Snake Lost Its Legs, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, FAA Budget: Important Challenges Affecting Aviation Safety, Capacity, and Efficiency, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M.B. Wilson, Constructions of childhood found in award -winning children’s literature, Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
C. Kelly, County Gears Up for Its First Empire Games, New York Times. (2007) WE12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAPCBEE Procedia
AbbreviationAPCBEE Procedia
ISSN (print)2212-6708

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