How to format your references using the APCBEE Procedia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for APCBEE Procedia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S.A. Lipton, Turning down, but not off, Nature. 428 (2004) 473.
A journal article with 2 authors
E. Bier, E.M. De Robertis, EMBRYO DEVELOPMENT. BMP gradients: A paradigm for morphogen-mediated developmental patterning, Science. 348 (2015) aaa5838.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.F. Adkins, K. McIntyre, D.P. Schrag, The salinity, temperature, and delta18O of the glacial deep ocean, Science. 298 (2002) 1769–1773.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
P.J. Pease, O. Levy, G.J. Cost, J. Gore, J.L. Ptacin, D. Sherratt, C. Bustamante, N.R. Cozzarelli, Sequence-directed DNA translocation by purified FtsK, Science. 307 (2005) 586–590.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P.Ş. Agachi, Z.K. Nagy, M.V. Cristea, Á. Imre-Lucaci, Model Based Control, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2006.
An edited book
J.-P. Droz, B. Carme, P. Couppié, M. Nacher, C. Thiéblemont, eds., Tropical Hemato-Oncology, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Shen, Territorial Fragility and the Future of Tibet: Sub-sovereignty, Problems and Theoretical Solutions, in: R. Guo, C. Freeman (Eds.), Managing Fragile Regions: Method and Application, Springer, New York, NY, 2011: pp. 61–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for APCBEE Procedia.

Blog post
R. Andrews, Extremely Rare Grizzly-Polar Bear Hybrid Shot In Canadian Arctic, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Aviation Safety: Enhanced Oversight and Improved Availability of Risk- Based Data Could Further Improve Safety, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. Miller, Group Mentoring Program to Empower Transitional-Aged Youth: A Grant Proposal, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.W. Walsh, Audit Finds Errors in Calculating Pensions in Bankruptcies, New York Times. (2011) B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAPCBEE Procedia
AbbreviationAPCBEE Procedia
ISSN (print)2212-6708

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