How to format your references using the Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Macilwain C. What matters for science is who runs the country. Nature. 2012 Aug 30;488(7413):559.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Schmeing TM, Ramakrishnan V. What recent ribosome structures have revealed about the mechanism of translation. Nature. 2009 Oct 29;461(7268):1234–42.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Green ED, Guyer MS, National Human Genome Research Institute. Charting a course for genomic medicine from base pairs to bedside. Nature. 2011 Feb 10;470(7333):204–13.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Parfitt SA, Ashton NM, Lewis SG, Abel RL, Coope GR, Field MH, et al. Early Pleistocene human occupation at the edge of the boreal zone in northwest Europe. Nature. 2010 Jul 8;466(7303):229–33.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Cayuela Valencia R. The Future of the Chemical Industry by 2050. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Arora NK, editor. Plant Microbe Symbiosis: Fundamentals and Advances. New Delhi: Springer India; 2013. XI, 459 p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Nwaga D, Jansa J, Angue MA, Frossard E. The Potential of Soil Beneficial Micro-Organisms for Slash-and-Burn Agriculture in the Humid Forest Zone of Sub-Saharan Africa. In: Dion P, editor. Soil Biology and Agriculture in the Tropics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 81–107. (Soil Biology).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. Why Do Dogs Tilt Their Heads When We Talk To Them? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/why-do-dogs-tilt-their-heads-when-we-talk-them/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Federal Student Aid: Highlights of a Study Group on Simplifying the Free Application for Federal Student Aid. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009 Oct. Report No.: GAO-10-29.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Hoefer PD. A David against Goliath: The American veterans committee’s challenge to the American legion in the 1950s [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Greenhouse L. Adjudging a Moral Harm To Women From Abortions. New York Times. 2007 Apr 20;A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases
AbbreviationJ. Gastrointestin. Liver Dis.
ISSN (print)1841-8724
ISSN (online)1842-1121
ScopeGastroenterology

Other styles