How to format your references using the Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Marshall CR. Evolution. Fossil record reveals tropics as cradle and museum. Science. 2006 Oct 6;314(5796):66–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Ikkala O, ten Brinke G. Functional materials based on self-assembly of polymeric supramolecules. Science. 2002 Mar 29;295(5564):2407–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Nussbaumer AD, Fisher CR, Bright M. Horizontal endosymbiont transmission in hydrothermal vent tubeworms. Nature. 2006 May 18;441(7091):345–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Gibson DG, Glass JI, Lartigue C, Noskov VN, Chuang R-Y, Algire MA, et al. Creation of a bacterial cell controlled by a chemically synthesized genome. Science. 2010 Jul 2;329(5987):52–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Sullivan DM. Quantum Mechanics for Electrical Engineers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Rong J. Metasomatic Textures in Granites: Evidence from Petrographic Observation. Wang F, editor. Singapore: Springer; 2016. XIX, 144 p. 213 illus., 179 illus. in color. (Springer Mineralogy).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Stein NR, Ribeiro LT. Pediatric Neuroimaging. In: Scheinemann K, Bouffet E, editors. Pediatric Neuro-oncology. New York, NY: Springer; 2015. p. 13–30.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S. The Year You Were Born Determines Which Strains Of Flu You’re Vulnerable To [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/the-year-you-were-born-determines-which-strains-of-flu-youre-vulnerable-to/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Education for Disadvantaged Children: Research Purpose and Design Features Affect Conclusions Drawn From Key Studies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000 Aug. Report No.: HEHS-00-168.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Gray JL. Overcoming the threat of racial stereotyping in the workplace [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
St. John Kelly E. PLAYING IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD. New York Times. 1995 Apr 9;1315.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases
AbbreviationJ. Gastrointestin. Liver Dis.
ISSN (print)1841-8724
ISSN (online)1842-1121
ScopeGastroenterology

Other styles