How to format your references using the Sustainable Environment Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sustainable Environment Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Smaglik P. Cash incentives. Nature 2004;427:567.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Macpherson AJ, Uhr T. Induction of protective IgA by intestinal dendritic cells carrying commensal bacteria. Science 2004;303:1662–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Fuerstman MJ, Garstecki P, Whitesides GM. Coding/decoding and reversibility of droplet trains in microfluidic networks. Science 2007;315:828–32.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
He QL, Lai YH, Lu Y, Law KT, Sou IK. Surface reactivity enhancement on a Pd/Bi2Te3 heterostructure through robust topological surface states. Sci Rep 2013;3:2497.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Kovalenko NP, Krasny YP, Krey U. Physics of Amorphous Metals. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
[1]
Grundel D, Murphey R, Pardalos P, Prokopyev O, editors. Cooperative Systems: Control and Optimization. vol. 588. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Amamiya M. Agent-Oriented Approach to Ubiquitous Computing. In: Wu Z, Chen C, Guo M, Bu J, editors. Embedded Software and Systems: First International Conference, ICESS 2004, Hangzhou, China, December 9-10, 2004, Revised Selected Papers, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005, p. 30–7.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sustainable Environment Research.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. Electric Bacteria Eat Electrons. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/electric-bacteria-eat-electrons/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Implementation Status of the Federal Technology Transfer Act of 1986. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Rostambeigi N. Analyzing the correlates of patients’ adoption of preventative health services: Perceived risk, cost and availability of health care services. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Billard M. Activists, Afterward. New York Times 2000:141.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSustainable Environment Research
AbbreviationSustain. Environ. Res.
ISSN (print)2468-2039
ScopeRenewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Environmental Engineering
Pollution
Waste Management and Disposal
Water Science and Technology

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