How to format your references using the Sustainable Environment Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sustainable Environment Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
May RM. Uses and abuses of mathematics in biology. Science 2004;303:790–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Yan N, Chen X. Sustainability: Don’t waste seafood waste. Nature 2015;524:155–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Rignot E, Rivera A, Casassa G. Contribution of the Patagonia Icefields of South America to sea level rise. Science 2003;302:434–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Sumbre G, Muto A, Baier H, Poo M-M. Entrained rhythmic activities of neuronal ensembles as perceptual memory of time interval. Nature 2008;456:102–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Scheer J. Failed Bridges. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Gilchrest BA, Krutmann J, editors. Skin Aging. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Biggs BG, Kiker MK. ENVIRONMENTAL SECURITY IN HARBORS AND COASTAL AREAS. In: Linkov I, Kiker GA, Wenning RJ, editors. Environmental Security in Harbors and Coastal Areas: Management Using Comparative Risk Assessment and Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007, p. 53–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sustainable Environment Research.

Blog post
[1]
Hamilton K. Here Are The 6 Questions That Can Reveal Whether You Have Adult ADHD. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/here-are-the-6-questions-that-can-reveal-whether-you-have-adult-adhd/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Research and Development and the Economy. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Libman M. A policy analysis of the Penal Code Section 186.20-186.33: California Street Terrorism Enforcement and Prevention Act. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Floods Wreak Havoc. New York Times 2002:A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSustainable Environment Research
AbbreviationSustain. Environ. Res.
ISSN (print)2468-2039
ScopeRenewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Environmental Engineering
Pollution
Waste Management and Disposal
Water Science and Technology

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