How to format your references using the Hydrometallurgy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hydrometallurgy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bolnick, D.I., 2001. Intraspecific competition favours niche width expansion in Drosophila melanogaster. Nature 410, 463–466.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kazmierczak, J., Altermann, W., 2002. Neoarchean biomineralization by benthic cyanobacteria. Science 298, 2351.
A journal article with 3 authors
Marchevsky, M., Higgins, M.J., Bhattacharya, S., 2001. Two coexisting vortex phases in the peak effect regime in a superconductor. Nature 409, 591–594.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yin, P., Hariadi, R.F., Sahu, S., Choi, H.M.T., Park, S.H., Labean, T.H., Reif, J.H., 2008. Programming DNA tube circumferences. Science 321, 824–826.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kriegel, J., 2016. Unfairly Labeled. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Green, K., Mews, C. (Eds.), 2011. Virtue Ethics for Women 1250-1500, The New Synthese Historical Library. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, J., He, H., Cao, Y., Xu, J., Zhao, D., 2012. A Hierarchical Neural Network Architecture for Classification, in: Wang, Jun, Yen, G.G., Polycarpou, M.M. (Eds.), Advances in Neural Networks – ISNN 2012: 9th International Symposium on Neural Networks, Shenyang, China, July 11-14, 2012. Proceedings, Part I, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 37–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hydrometallurgy.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2015. “Zebra Stripes” Spotted In Space Around Earth [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. NASA Budget: Carryover Balances in Selected Programs (No. T-NSIAD-96-207). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McMiller, B., 2010. Policy analysis on the Adoption and Safe Family Act of 1997 (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B., 2017. Organizer Of Festival Is Released On Bail. New York Times A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bolnick, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Bolnick, 2001; Kazmierczak and Altermann, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kazmierczak and Altermann, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Yin et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleHydrometallurgy
ISSN (print)0304-386X
ScopeIndustrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Materials Chemistry
Metals and Alloys

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