How to format your references using the Hydrometallurgy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hydrometallurgy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Parker, D.E., 2004. Climate: large-scale warming is not urban. Nature 432, 290.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tabas, I., Glass, C.K., 2013. Anti-inflammatory therapy in chronic disease: challenges and opportunities. Science 339, 166–172.
A journal article with 3 authors
Froemke, R.C., Poo, M.-M., Dan, Y., 2005. Spike-timing-dependent synaptic plasticity depends on dendritic location. Nature 434, 221–225.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Trotman, L.C., Alimonti, A., Scaglioni, P.P., Koutcher, J.A., Cordon-Cardo, C., Pandolfi, P.P., 2006. Identification of a tumour suppressor network opposing nuclear Akt function. Nature 441, 523–527.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hadjsaïd, N., Sabonnadière, J.-C., 2013. Power Systems and Restructuring. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Fulekar, M.H. (Ed.), 2009. Bioinformatics: Applications in Life and Environmental Sciences. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
De Petro, P., Battiston, B., Matteotti, R., Petraz, M., Molino, D., Mattu, R., 2016. Gomito, in: Faletti, C. (Ed.), Traumatologia Scheletrica: Imaging Integrato Clinico-Radiologico. Springer, Milano, pp. 99–147.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hydrometallurgy.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. Deep Sea Explorers Spot Bizarre Fish That Doesn’t Look Real [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014. Ineffective Planning and Oversight Practices Underscore the Need for Improved Contract Management (No. GAO-14-694). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carpenter, D.M., 2009. Understanding the effect of conflicting information on medication adherence for vasculitis patients (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gant, K., 2011. Quotation of the Day. New York Times A3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Parker, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Parker, 2004; Tabas and Glass, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tabas and Glass, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Trotman et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleHydrometallurgy
ISSN (print)0304-386X
ScopeIndustrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Materials Chemistry
Metals and Alloys

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