How to format your references using the Hydrometallurgy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hydrometallurgy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jayaraman, K.S., 2000. Funding crisis for Indian biotech centre. Nature 403, 694.
A journal article with 2 authors
Takano, Y., Ukezono, M., 2014. An experimental task to examine the mirror system in rats. Sci. Rep. 4, 6652.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cheng, Y.-N., Wu, X.-C., Ji, Q., 2004. Triassic marine reptiles gave birth to live young. Nature 432, 383–386.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Homes, C.C., Tu, J.J., Li, J., Gu, G.D., Akrap, A., 2013. Optical conductivity of nodal metals. Sci. Rep. 3, 3446.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bottjer, D.J., 2016. Paleoecology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Dunworth, K., Zhang, G. (Eds.), 2014. Critical Perspectives on Language Education: Australia and the Asia Pacific, Multilingual Education. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Leary, R., Thomas, J., 2011. How Complexity Theory is Changing the Role of Analysis in Law Enforcement and National Security, in: Akhgar, B., Yates, S. (Eds.), Intelligence Management: Knowledge Driven Frameworks for Combating Terrorism and Organized Crime, Advanced Information and Knowledge Processing. Springer, London, pp. 61–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hydrometallurgy.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2017. “Middle Child Syndrome” Isn’t What You Think — Here’s What It Really Means [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. Higher Education: Approaches to Attract and Fund International Students in the United States and Abroad (No. GAO-09-379). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pittsinger, R.F., 2009. The effect of a single bout of surfing on exercise-induced affect (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee, L., 2012. Bridal Hunger Games. New York Times ST14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jayaraman, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Jayaraman, 2000; Takano and Ukezono, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Takano and Ukezono, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Homes et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleHydrometallurgy
ISSN (print)0304-386X
ScopeIndustrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Materials Chemistry
Metals and Alloys

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