How to format your references using the Hydrometallurgy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hydrometallurgy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Finkel, E., 2000. SCIENCE FUNDING: Australian Researchers Go for the Gold. Science 290, 255–257.
A journal article with 2 authors
McGuire, A.L., Gibbs, R.A., 2006. Genetics. No longer de-identified. Science 312, 370–371.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, Z.-Z., Zhang, F.-C., Wang, Q.-H., 2014. Majorana modes in a topological insulator/s-wave superconductor heterostructure. Sci. Rep. 4, 6363.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Thompson, J.D., Zwickl, B.M., Jayich, A.M., Marquardt, F., Girvin, S.M., Harris, J.G.E., 2008. Strong dispersive coupling of a high-finesse cavity to a micromechanical membrane. Nature 452, 72–75.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Boulanger, J.-L., 2013. Safety Management for Software-based Equipment. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
Hameurlain, A., Küng, J., Wagner, R., Bach Pedersen, T., Tjoa, A.M. (Eds.), 2010. Transactions on Large-Scale Data- and Knowledge-Centered Systems II, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Angiani, G., Cagnoni, S., Chuzhikova, N., Fornacciari, P., Mordonini, M., Tomaiuolo, M., 2016. Flat and Hierarchical Classifiers for Detecting Emotion in Tweets, in: Adorni, G., Cagnoni, S., Gori, M., Maratea, M. (Eds.), AI*IA 2016 Advances in Artificial Intelligence: XVth International Conference of the Italian Association for Artificial Intelligence, Genova, Italy, November 29 – December 1, 2016, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 51–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hydrometallurgy.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. Fentanyl: Widely Used, Deadly When Abused [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2003. Aviation Safety: Information on FAA’s Data on Operational Errors At Air Traffic Control Towers (No. GAO-03-1175R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alimo, C.J., 2010. From dialogue to action: The development of White racial allies (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2010. U.S. and Algeria: Two Outsiders, but No Room for Both. New York Times B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Finkel, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Finkel, 2000; McGuire and Gibbs, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McGuire and Gibbs, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Thompson et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleHydrometallurgy
ISSN (print)0304-386X
ScopeIndustrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Materials Chemistry
Metals and Alloys

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