How to format your references using the Hydrometallurgy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hydrometallurgy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zare, R.N., 2006. Chemistry. Resonances in reaction dynamics. Science 311, 1383–1385.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kassiotis, G., O’Garra, A., 2008. Immunology. Immunity benefits from a little suppression. Science 320, 1168–1169.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bréon, F.-M., Tanré, D., Generoso, S., 2002. Aerosol effect on cloud droplet size monitored from satellite. Science 295, 834–838.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bamber, J.L., Riva, R.E.M., Vermeersen, B.L.A., LeBrocq, A.M., 2009. Reassessment of the potential sea-level rise from a collapse of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet. Science 324, 901–903.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chu, P.P., 2008. FPGA Prototyping by Verilog Examples. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Laws, E.A. (Ed.), 2013. Environmental Toxicology: Selected Entries from the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Nie, J., Qian, Y., Cui, N., 2012. Enhanced Mirror Adaptive Random Testing Based on I/O Relation Analysis, in: Wu, Y. (Ed.), Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering: Theory and Practice: Volume 1, Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 33–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hydrometallurgy.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. This Cute Falcon Chick Was Rescued At CERN [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. Aviation Safety: FAA Management Practices for Technical Training Mostly Effective; Further Actions Could Enhance Results (No. GAO-05-728). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Graves, I.S., 2010. Positioning of Fifth Grade Students in Small-Group Settings: Naming Participation in Discussion-Based Mathematics (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J., 2017. The Rise of Surreality TV. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zare, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Kassiotis and O’Garra, 2008; Zare, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kassiotis and O’Garra, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Bamber et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleHydrometallurgy
ISSN (print)0304-386X
ScopeIndustrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Materials Chemistry
Metals and Alloys

Other styles