How to format your references using the Hydrometallurgy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hydrometallurgy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P., 2005. To plan...or not to plan? Nature 435, 381.
A journal article with 2 authors
Snir, Y., Kamien, R.D., 2005. Entropically driven helix formation. Science 307, 1067.
A journal article with 3 authors
Merkle, F.T., Mirzadeh, Z., Alvarez-Buylla, A., 2007. Mosaic organization of neural stem cells in the adult brain. Science 317, 381–384.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lien, W.-H., Klezovitch, O., Fernandez, T.E., Delrow, J., Vasioukhin, V., 2006. alphaE-catenin controls cerebral cortical size by regulating the hedgehog signaling pathway. Science 311, 1609–1612.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Diver, D.A., 2013. Plasma Formulary for Physics, Astronomy, and Technology. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Belke, A., 2009. Monetary Economics in Globalised Financial Markets. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Krejza, J., Swiat, M., Tomaszewski, M., Melhem, E.R., 2010. Sickle Cell Disease and Stroke, in: Medina, L.S., Applegate, K.E., Blackmore, C.C. (Eds.), Evidence-Based Imaging in Pediatrics: Optimizing Imaging in Pediatric Patient Care. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 53–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hydrometallurgy.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. Did Planet Nine Give The Solar System Its Tilt? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1979. What Assurance Does Office of Education’s Eligibility Process Provide? (No. HRD-78-120). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wright, J.L., 2015. Shade Tolerance and Physiological Response to Light Regime of the Invasive Species Lonicera maackii (Amur honeysuckle) (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Clarke, J., 2016. Resilient Golf Turf Faces Test at Olympics. New York Times SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik, 2005; Snir and Kamien, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Snir and Kamien, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Lien et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleHydrometallurgy
ISSN (print)0304-386X
ScopeIndustrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Materials Chemistry
Metals and Alloys

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