How to format your references using the Journal of Postcolonial Writing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Postcolonial Writing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jaeglé, Lyatt. 2007. “Atmospheric Science. Pumping up Surface Air.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 315 (5813): 772–773.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu, Tingyi Leo, and Chang-Jin C. J. Kim. 2014. “Repellent Surfaces. Turning a Surface Superrepellent Even to Completely Wetting Liquids.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 346 (6213): 1096–1100.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tregenza, T., R. K. Butlin, and N. Wedell. 2000. “Sexual Conflict and Speciation.” Nature 407 (6801): 149–150.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Osaka, Mariko, Ken Yaoi, Takehiro Minamoto, and Naoyuki Osaka. 2013. “When Do Negative and Positive Emotions Modulate Working Memory Performance?” Scientific Reports 3: 1375.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Horrocks, Geoffrey. 2010. Greek. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Hüllermeier, Eyke, Sebastian Link, Thomas Fober, and Bernhard Seeger, eds. 2012. Scalable Uncertainty Management: 6th International Conference, SUM 2012, Marburg, Germany, September 17-19, 2012. Proceedings. Vol. 7520. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Becchi, Paolo. 2009. “German Legal Science: The Crisis of Natural Law Theory, the Historicisms, and ‘Conceptual Jurisprudence.’” In A Treatise of Legal Philosophy and General Jurisprudence: Vol. 9: A History of the Philosophy of Law in the Civil Law World, 1600-1900; Vol. 10: The Philosophers’ Philosophy of Law from the Seventeenth Century to Our Days, edited by Enrico Pattaro, Damiano Canale, Paolo Grossi, Hasso Hofmann, and Patrick Riley, 185–224. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Postcolonial Writing.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. 2015. “Light-Based Data Breakthrough Could Lead To Much Faster Computers.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2013. Federal Vehicle Fleets: Adopting Leading Practices Could Improve Management. GAO-13-659. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stewart, Anne M. 2014. “Estimation of Urban-Enhanced Infiltration and Groundwater Recharge, Sierra Vista Subbasin, Southeast Arizona USA.” Doctoral dissertation, Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Herrman, John. 2017. “What If Platforms Like Facebook Are Too Big to Regulate?” New York Times, October 4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jaeglé 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Jaeglé 2007; Liu and Kim 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liu and Kim 2014)
  • Three authors: (Tregenza, Butlin, and Wedell 2000)
  • 4 or more authors: (Osaka et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Postcolonial Writing
ISSN (print)1744-9855
ISSN (online)1744-9863
ScopeLiterature and Literary Theory

Other styles