How to format your references using the Sustainable Chemical Processes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sustainable Chemical Processes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Giles J (2003) Nanotechnology: what is there to fear from something so small? Nature 426:750
A journal article with 2 authors
Burdett TC, Freeman MR (2014) Neuroscience. Astrocytes eyeball axonal mitochondria. Science 345:385–386
A journal article with 3 authors
Froemke RC, Merzenich MM, Schreiner CE (2007) A synaptic memory trace for cortical receptive field plasticity. Nature 450:425–429
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Bowers PM, Cokus SJ, Eisenberg D, Yeates TO (2004) Use of logic relationships to decipher protein network organization. Science 306:2246–2249

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Worth SM (2010) The Association Guide to Going Global. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Hirschel EH (2009) Selected Aerothermodynamic Design Problems of Hypersonic Flight Vehicles. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Rogers E, Galkowski K, Owens DH (2007) Lyapunov Equations for Differential Processes. In: Galkowski K, Owens DH (eds) Control Systems Theory and Applications for Linear Repetitive Processes. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 117–140

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sustainable Chemical Processes.

Blog post
Davis J (2016) Diesel Cars Emitting More Pollution During Cold Weather. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) ADP Systems: Better Control Over States’ Medicaid Systems Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rafibakhsh N (2013) Industrial Applications of Microsoft Xbox Kinect Sensor. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly J (1979) When the Mill Pulled the Rub Out From Under Yonkers. New York Times Westchester WeeklyWC15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSustainable Chemical Processes
AbbreviationSustain. Chem. Process.
ISSN (online)2043-7129

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