How to format your references using the Sustainable Chemical Processes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sustainable Chemical Processes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carpenter S (2007) Science careers. Carving a career in translational research. Science 317:966–967
A journal article with 2 authors
Hathaway DH, Rightmire L (2010) Variations in the Sun’s meridional flow over a solar cycle. Science 327:1350–1352
A journal article with 3 authors
Kulmala M, Pirjola L, Makela JM (2000) Stable sulphate clusters as a source of new atmospheric particles. Nature 404:66–69
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Trotter JA, Williams IS, Barnes CR, et al (2008) Did cooling oceans trigger Ordovician biodiversification? Evidence from conodont thermometry. Science 321:550–554

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anderson D (2007) TKO Hiring! John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Das A (2007) Tensors: The Mathematics of Relativity Theory and Continuum Mechanics. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Grobusch MP, Kremsner PG (2005) Uncomplicated Malaria. In: Compans RW, Cooper MD, Honjo T, et al (eds) Malaria: Drugs, Disease and Post-genomic Biology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 81–104

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sustainable Chemical Processes.

Blog post
Davis J (2016) Global Summit On The Illegal Wildlife Trade Opens In South Africa. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Technology Development: Future Use of NASA’s Large Format Camera Is Uncertain. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reich LM (2012) Adapted physical education teachers’ attitudes towards their students with hidden and visible disabilities. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson G (2014) Beyond Energy, Matter, Time and Space. New York Times D6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSustainable Chemical Processes
AbbreviationSustain. Chem. Process.
ISSN (online)2043-7129

Other styles