How to format your references using the Sustainable Chemical Processes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sustainable Chemical Processes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Luo Z-X (2014) Evolution: Tooth structure re-engineered. Nature 512:36–37
A journal article with 2 authors
Allesina S, Tang S (2012) Stability criteria for complex ecosystems. Nature 483:205–208
A journal article with 3 authors
Jan CH, Williams CC, Weissman JS (2014) Principles of ER cotranslational translocation revealed by proximity-specific ribosome profiling. Science 346:1257521
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Pedersen IM, Cheng G, Wieland S, et al (2007) Interferon modulation of cellular microRNAs as an antiviral mechanism. Nature 449:919–922

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Markley NG (2004) Principles of Differential Equations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Leonard A (2012) SQL Server 2012 Integration Services Design Patterns. Apress, Berkeley, CA
A chapter in an edited book
Koteska B, Mishev A, Pejov L (2015) Magnetic Response Properties of Aqueous Aluminum(III) Ion: A Hybrid Statistical Physics Quantum Mechanical Approach Implementing the Map-Reduce Computational Technique. In: Bogdanova AM, Gjorgjevikj D (eds) ICT Innovations 2014: World of Data. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 33–43

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sustainable Chemical Processes.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Do Aliens Exist? SETI Video Explores The Chances Of Making First Contact. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Intercollegiate Athletics: Comparison of Selected Characteristics for Men’s and Women’s Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Keep AW (2013) A nanopass framework for commercial compiler development. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M (2010) Scouting Report. New York Times E6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSustainable Chemical Processes
AbbreviationSustain. Chem. Process.
ISSN (online)2043-7129

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