How to format your references using the Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine (ASEM). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Glick S. Rosalyn Sussman Yalow (1921-2011). Nature 2011; 474:580.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stark LA, Pompei K. Winner of Science Prize for Online Resources in Education. Making genetics easy to understand. Science 2010; 327:538–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ramu Y, Xu Y, Lu Z. Enzymatic activation of voltage-gated potassium channels. Nature 2006; 442:696–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Han X, Jin M, Breuker K, McLafferty FW. Extending top-down mass spectrometry to proteins with masses greater than 200 kilodaltons. Science 2006; 314:109–12.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Micouin P. Model-Based Systems Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
Deng Z, Gopinathan S, Lee CK-E, editors. Globalization and the Singapore Curriculum: From Policy to Classroom. Singapore: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Lorenzoni A, Orsini F, Salvadori PA. Radiofarmaci per tomografia a emissione di positroni. In: Volterrani D, Mariani G, Erba PA, eds. Fondamenti di medicina nucleare: Tecniche e applicazioni. Milano: Springer; 2010:93–118.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine.

Blog post
Luntz S. Study Suggests Ejaculation Reduces The Risk Of Prostate Cancer. IFLScience. 2015; Retrieved 30 October 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Business Systems Modernization: IRS’s Fiscal Year 2004 Expenditure Plan. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004. No: GAO-05-46.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramos E. Emergency department utilization among Medicare enrollees: A project report [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson M. Albee Estate Rejects Bid to Cast Black Actor. New York Times. 2017; :C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (2,4).
This sentence cites four references (2,6–8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine
AbbreviationAviat. Space Environ. Med.
ISSN (print)0095-6562
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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