How to format your references using the Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine (ASEM). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Levine DK. Economics. Eyes on the prize? Science 2009; 323:1296–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Jiao L, Liu X. Structural basis of histone H3K27 trimethylation by an active polycomb repressive complex 2. Science 2015; 350:aac4383.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Mito Y, Henikoff JG, Henikoff S. Histone replacement marks the boundaries of cis-regulatory domains. Science 2007; 315:1408–11.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Yamanouchi M, Chiba D, Matsukura F, Ohno H. Current-induced domain-wall switching in a ferromagnetic semiconductor structure. Nature 2004; 428:539–42.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
El-Reedy MA. Project Management in the Oil and Gas Industry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Dill K, Liu RH, Grodzinski P, editors. Microarrays: Preparation, Microfluidics, Detection Methods, and Biological Applications. New York, NY: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kapçak S. Stability of a Certain 2-Dimensional Map with Cobweb Diagram. In: Gervasi O, Murgante B, Misra S, Rocha AMAC, Torre CM, Taniar D, et al., eds. Computational Science and Its Applications – ICCSA 2016: 16th International Conference, Beijing, China, July 4-7, 2016, Proceedings, Part I. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016:45–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R. What The Fresh Hell Is This Gigantic Furry Blob? IFLScience. 2017; Retrieved 30 October 2018 from https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/fresh-hell-gigantic-furry-blob/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Household Goods Transport. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992. No: GGD-92-23R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Renteria Y. Respite services for post-adoption families transitioning from the child welfare system: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Stellin S. Full Picture of Airlines’ Punctuality Is Elusive. New York Times. 2014; :B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (3,4).
This sentence cites four references (3,4,6,8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine
AbbreviationAviat. Space Environ. Med.
ISSN (print)0095-6562
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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