How to format your references using the Journal on Efficiency and Responsibility in Education and Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal on Efficiency and Responsibility in Education and Science (ERIES). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McGraw, R. (2004) 'Humidity, ice, and nitric acid', Science (New York, N.Y.), vol. 304, no. 5673, pp. 961–3; author reply 961-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nakahara, K. and Miyashita, Y. (2005) 'Neuroscience. Understanding intentions: through the looking glass', Science (New York, N.Y.), vol. 308, no. 5722, pp. 644–645.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fu, Y., Xu, Y. and Chen, H. (2014) 'Additional modes in a waveguide system of zero-index-metamaterials with defects', Scientific Reports, vol. 4, pp. 6428.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhang, Z., Lan, Y., Chai, Y. and Jiang, R. (2009) 'Antagonistic actions of Msx1 and Osr2 pattern mammalian teeth into a single row', Science (New York, N.Y.), vol. 323, no. 5918, pp. 1232–1234.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
German Concrete and Construction Cl (2011) Beispiele zur Bemessung Nach Eurocode 2, D-69451 Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
Frank, K. F. (ed.) (2015) Kinesins and Cancer, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Redouté, J.-M. and Steyaert, M. (2010) 'EMI Resisting Analog Output Circuits', In M. Steyaert (Ed.), EMC of Analog Integrated Circuits (pp. 83–139), Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal on Efficiency and Responsibility in Education and Science.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, June 13) 'Scientists Create A Supernova Explosion In The Lab', . Retrieved 30 October 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Railroad Regulation: Current Issues Associated With the Rate Relief Process (No. RCED-99-46), Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Florio, M. L. (2012) Assessing the impacts of knowing natural team player styles on team satisfaction and cohesion (Doctoral dissertation), Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2017, September 11) 'LCD Soundsystem Tops Album Chart', New York Times, p. C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McGraw, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (McGraw, 2004; Nakahara and Miyashita, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nakahara and Miyashita, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Fu, Xu and Chen, 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zhang et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal on Efficiency and Responsibility in Education and Science
ISSN (print)2336-2375
ISSN (online)1803-1617

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