How to format your references using the Journal on Efficiency and Responsibility in Education and Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal on Efficiency and Responsibility in Education and Science (ERIES). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sanderson, K. (2012) 'Vaccination: A durable design', Nature, vol. 488, no. 7413, pp. S7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Leek, J. T. and Peng, R. D. (2015) 'Statistics: P values are just the tip of the iceberg', Nature, vol. 520, no. 7549, pp. 612.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lu, L. Y., Ou, N. and Lu, Q.-B. (2013) 'Antioxidant induces DNA damage, cell death and mutagenicity in human lung and skin normal cells', Scientific Reports, vol. 3, pp. 3169.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Shi, M., Lin, X.-D., Chen, X., Tian, J.-H., Chen, L.-J., Li, K., … Zhang, Y.-Z. (2018) 'Author Correction: The evolutionary history of vertebrate RNA viruses', Nature, vol. 561, no. 7722, pp. E6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gray, K. A. and Paschkewitz, J. J. (2016) Next Generation HALT and HASS, Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Adkins, W. A. (2012) Ordinary Differential Equations (M. G. Davidson, Ed.), New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
McKendry, C. (2013) 'Environmental Discourse and Economic Growth in the Greening of Postindustrial Cities', In R. Simpson & M. Zimmermann (Eds.), The Economy of Green Cities: A World Compendium on the Green Urban Economy (pp. 23–31), Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal on Efficiency and Responsibility in Education and Science.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016, June 30) NASA’s Juno Arrives At Jupiter To Lift Its Cloudy Veil – But First It Must Survive The Hostile Environment, . [Online], Available at: [30 October 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001) Computer-Based Patient Records: Better Planning and Oversight By VA, DOD, and IHS Would Enhance Health Data Sharing (No. GAO-01-459), Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Falcone, J. N. (2017) For Pets’ Sake: Is There a Need for Dog Safety Community Education? (Doctoral dissertation), Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky, L. (2009, October 4) 'The Sleep Cure', New York Times, p. M262.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sanderson, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Leek and Peng, 2015; Sanderson, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Leek and Peng, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Lu, Ou and Lu, 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Shi et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal on Efficiency and Responsibility in Education and Science
ISSN (print)2336-2375
ISSN (online)1803-1617

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