How to format your references using the Journal on Efficiency and Responsibility in Education and Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal on Efficiency and Responsibility in Education and Science (ERIES). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rutishauser, U. (2014) 'Gerald Edelman (1929-2014)', Nature, vol. 510, no. 7506, pp. 474.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hibbs, R. E. and Gouaux, E. (2011) 'Principles of activation and permeation in an anion-selective Cys-loop receptor', Nature, vol. 474, no. 7349, pp. 54–60.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cziczo, D. J., Thomson, D. S. and Murphy, D. M. (2001) 'Ablation, flux, and atmospheric implications of meteors inferred from stratospheric aerosol', Science (New York, N.Y.), vol. 291, no. 5509, pp. 1772–1775.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Thyme, S. B., Jarjour, J., Takeuchi, R., Havranek, J. J., Ashworth, J., Scharenberg, A. M., … Baker, D. (2009) 'Exploitation of binding energy for catalysis and design', Nature, vol. 461, no. 7268, pp. 1300–1304.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Troppens, U., Erkens, R. and Müller, W. (2004) Storage Networks Explained, Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Alaoui-Jamali, M. (ed.) (2010) Alternative and Complementary Therapies for Cancer: Integrative Approaches and Discovery of Conventional Drugs, Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Tehranipoor, M., Guin, U. and Forte, D. (2015) 'Physical Tests for Counterfeit Detection', In U. Guin & D. Forte (Eds.), Counterfeit Integrated Circuits: Detection and Avoidance (pp. 75–93), Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal on Efficiency and Responsibility in Education and Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, February 17) Penguins Can Only Taste Salty And Sour, [Online], Available at: [30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) FCC: Access to Telecommunications Equipment and Services by Persons With Disabilities (No. OGC-96-36), Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clement, T. E. (2009) The makings of digital modernism: Rereading Gertrude Stein’s “The Making of Americans” and poetry by Elsa von Freytag -Loringhoven (Doctoral dissertation), University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dinardo, K. (2014, August 10) 'Kevin Carr Will Stop Running When He Circles the World', New York Times, p. TR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rutishauser, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Hibbs and Gouaux, 2011; Rutishauser, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hibbs and Gouaux, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Cziczo, Thomson and Murphy, 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Thyme et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal on Efficiency and Responsibility in Education and Science
ISSN (print)2336-2375
ISSN (online)1803-1617

Other styles