How to format your references using the Asian Journal of Neurosurgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Journal of Neurosurgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Hoegh-Guldberg O. Ecology. Complexities of coral reef recovery. Science 2006;311:42–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Wilkinson K, Hershko A. Irwin Allan Rose (1926-2015). Nature 2015;523:532.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Prosser BL, Ward CW, Lederer WJ. X-ROS signaling: rapid mechano-chemo transduction in heart. Science 2011;333:1440–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Heller DA, Jeng ES, Yeung T-K, Martinez BM, Moll AE, Gastala JB, et al. Optical detection of DNA conformational polymorphism on single-walled carbon nanotubes. Science 2006;311:508–11.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Le Doeuff R, Zaïm MEH. Rotating Electrical Machines. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Iskra-Golec I, Barnes-Farrell J, Bohle P, editors. Social and Family Issues in Shift Work and Non Standard Working Hours. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Heimrich T, Reichelt K, Rusch H, Sattler K-U, Schröder T. Modelling and Streaming Spatiotemporal Audio Data. In: Meersman R, Tari Z, Herrero P, editors. On the Move to Meaningful Internet Systems 2005: OTM 2005 Workshops: OTM Confederated Internationl Workshops and Posters, AWeSOMe, CAMS, GADA, MIOS+INTEROP, ORM, PhDS, SeBGIS, SWWS, and WOSE 2005, Agia Napa, Cyprus, October 31 - November 4, 2005. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005. page 7–8.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Journal of Neurosurgery.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. No Adverse Side Effects Found In Early Clinical Trial Of Powdered Measles Vaccine [Internet]. IFLScience2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/no-adverse-side-effects-found-early-clinical-trial-powdered-measles-vaccine/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Federal Retirement Processing: Applying Information Technology Acquisition Best Practices Could Help OPM Overcome a Long History of Unsuccessful Modernization Efforts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Reimer EL. Grant proposal: Support services for families of children diagnosed with autism. 2010;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Rothenberg B. Behind Drug Exemption, Questions About a Doctor. New York Times2016;B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Journal of Neurosurgery
AbbreviationAsian J. Neurosurg.
ISSN (print)1793-5482
ISSN (online)2248-9614
Scope

Other styles