How to format your references using the Sustainability Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sustainability Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Niemeyer CM (2002) Nanotechnology. Tools for the biomolecular engineer. Science 297:62–63
A journal article with 2 authors
Tseng C-K, Cheng S-C (2008) Both catalytic steps of nuclear pre-mRNA splicing are reversible. Science 320:1782–1784
A journal article with 3 authors
Schibler J, Elsner J, Schlumbaum A (2014) Incorporation of aurochs into a cattle herd in Neolithic Europe: single event or breeding? Sci Rep 4:5798
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Aarts M, Liu Y, Liu L, et al (2002) Treatment of ischemic brain damage by perturbing NMDA receptor- PSD-95 protein interactions. Science 298:846–850

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Celant G, Broniatowski M (2017) Interpolation and Extrapolation Optimal Designs 2. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Washio T, Suzuki E, Ting KM, Inokuchi A (eds) (2008) Advances in Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining: 12th Pacific-Asia Conference, PAKDD 2008 Osaka, Japan, May 20-23, 2008 Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Asai K, Kondo T, Mizuki A, Billinghurst M (2010) Lunar Surface Collaborative Browsing System for Science Museum Exhibitions. In: Pan Z, Cheok AD, Müller W, et al. (eds) Transactions on Edutainment IV. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 34–43

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sustainability Science.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) Keep Your Local Orbit Tidy – Two Techniques For Tackling The Problem Of Space Junk. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/keep-your-local-orbit-tidy-two-techniques-for-tackling-the-problem-of-space-junk/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009) Commercial Space Transportation: Development of the Commercial Space Launch Industry Presents Safety Oversight Challenges for FAA and Raises Issues Affecting Federal Roles. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nauman T (2009) Digital soil-landscape classification for soil survey using ASTER satellite and digital elevation data in Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument, Arizona. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J (2017) A Neighborhood Wants Its Historic District Expanded. New York Times A17

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Niemeyer 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Niemeyer 2002; Tseng and Cheng 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tseng and Cheng 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Aarts et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleSustainability Science
AbbreviationSustain. Sci.
ISSN (print)1862-4065
ISSN (online)1862-4057
ScopeEcology
Global and Planetary Change
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Nature and Landscape Conservation
Geography, Planning and Development
Health(social science)
Sociology and Political Science

Other styles