How to format your references using the Sustainability Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sustainability Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wadman M (2007) When the party’s over. Nature 445:13
A journal article with 2 authors
Santen L, Krauth W (2000) Absence of thermodynamic phase transition in a model glass former. Nature 405:550–551
A journal article with 3 authors
Fukuda H, Murase H, Tokuda IT (2013) Controlling circadian rhythms by dark-pulse perturbations in Arabidopsis thaliana. Sci Rep 3:1533
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Jones WD, Cayirlioglu P, Kadow IG, Vosshall LB (2007) Two chemosensory receptors together mediate carbon dioxide detection in Drosophila. Nature 445:86–90

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Staudt G (2001) Experimentalphysik. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Piprek J (ed) (2005) Optoelectronic Devices: Advanced Simulation and Analysis. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Van Damme C, Coenen T, Vandijck E (2008) Turning a Corporate Folksonomy into a Lightweight Corporate Ontology. In: Abramowicz W, Fensel D (eds) Business Information Systems: 11th International Conference, BIS 2008, Innsbruck, Austria, May 5-7, 2008. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 36–47

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sustainability Science.

Blog post
Andrew D (2015) Rare Javan Rhino Calves Spotted On Camera. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/rare-javan-rhino-calves-spotted-camera/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) Technology Transfer: Japanese Firms Involved in F-15 Coproduction and Civil Aircraft Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zazworsky LM (2013) Dumbing down for others: Differences in socially motivated underachievement between working and middle class students. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW (2012) Debt Ceiling Rises Again As Threat For the U.S. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wadman 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Santen and Krauth 2000; Wadman 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Santen and Krauth 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Jones et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleSustainability Science
AbbreviationSustain. Sci.
ISSN (print)1862-4065
ISSN (online)1862-4057
ScopeEcology
Global and Planetary Change
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Nature and Landscape Conservation
Geography, Planning and Development
Health(social science)
Sociology and Political Science

Other styles