How to format your references using the Sustainability Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sustainability Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Powell K (2005) Counting the cost. Nature 434:1048–1049
A journal article with 2 authors
Pfeiffer BE, Foster DJ (2015) PLACE CELLS. Autoassociative dynamics in the generation of sequences of hippocampal place cells. Science 349:180–183
A journal article with 3 authors
Haerizadeh F, Singh MB, Bhalla PL (2006) Transcriptional repression distinguishes somatic from germ cell lineages in a plant. Science 313:496–499
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Rinaldi S, Mura M, Castagna A, Fontani V (2014) Long-lasting changes in brain activation induced by a single REAC technology pulse in Wi-Fi bands. Randomized double-blind fMRI qualitative study. Sci Rep 4:5668

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
King M (2011) Process Control. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Fomin FV, Freivalds R, Kwiatkowska M, Peleg D (eds) (2013) Automata, Languages, and Programming: 40th International Colloquium, ICALP 2013, Riga, Latvia, July 8-12, 2013, Proceedings, Part I. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Lopes N, Ribeiro B (2015) Handling Missing Data. In: Ribeiro B (ed) Machine Learning for Adaptive Many-Core Machines - A Practical Approach. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 71–84

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sustainability Science.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) Scientists Create Solid Light. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) Aviation Security: Better Planning Needed to Optimize Deployment of Checked Baggage Screening Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thixton HL (2017) Identification of Site-Specific Mycorrhizal Fungi Associates of the Federally Threatened Eastern Prairie Fringed Orchid (Platanthera leucophaea) in Illinois. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rojas R, Southall A (2015) 5 From Baruch College Face Murder Charges in 2013 Fraternity Hazing. New York Times A18

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Powell 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Powell 2005; Pfeiffer and Foster 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pfeiffer and Foster 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Rinaldi et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleSustainability Science
AbbreviationSustain. Sci.
ISSN (print)1862-4065
ISSN (online)1862-4057
ScopeEcology
Global and Planetary Change
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Nature and Landscape Conservation
Geography, Planning and Development
Health(social science)
Sociology and Political Science

Other styles