How to format your references using the Sustainability Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sustainability Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mészáros P (2001) Gamma-Ray bursts: accumulating afterglow implications, progenitor clues, and prospects. Science 291:79–84
A journal article with 2 authors
Tallis H, Lubchenco J (2014) Working together: A call for inclusive conservation. Nature 515:27–28
A journal article with 3 authors
Losonczy A, Makara JK, Magee JC (2008) Compartmentalized dendritic plasticity and input feature storage in neurons. Nature 452:436–441
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Cederfjäll E, Nilsson N, Sahin G, et al (2013) Continuous DOPA synthesis from a single AAV: dosing and efficacy in models of Parkinson’s disease. Sci Rep 3:2157

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goldstein LSB, Schneider M (2010) Stem Cells for Dummies®. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Blowers M (ed) (2015) Evolution of Cyber Technologies and Operations to 2035, 1st ed. 2015. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Croxatto JO (2015) Mechanisms of Tumor Metastasis in the Orbit. In: Karcioglu ZA (ed) Orbital Tumors: Diagnosis and Treatment. Springer, New York, NY, pp 29–36

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sustainability Science.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) This Kid Had A Close Encounter With A Lion In Japan. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/this-kid-had-a-close-encounter-with-a-lion-in-japan/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2002) Mass Transit: Federal Action Could Help Transit Agencies Address Security Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clater MJ (2009) Interposed between God and man: Agency in the Requiems of Berlioz and Fauré. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2010) ‘Mixed Results’ for U.S.; Uncertain Future for Coach. New York Times B10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mészáros 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Mészáros 2001; Tallis and Lubchenco 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tallis and Lubchenco 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Cederfjäll et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleSustainability Science
AbbreviationSustain. Sci.
ISSN (print)1862-4065
ISSN (online)1862-4057
ScopeEcology
Global and Planetary Change
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Nature and Landscape Conservation
Geography, Planning and Development
Health(social science)
Sociology and Political Science

Other styles