How to format your references using the Frontiers in Striated Muscle Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Striated Muscle Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoskins, B. J. (2003). Atmospheric science. Climate change at cruising altitude? Science 301, 469–470.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu, L., and Stegman, D. R. (2012). Origin of Columbia River flood basalt controlled by propagating rupture of the Farallon slab. Nature 482, 386–389.
A journal article with 3 authors
Legrand, Y.-M., van der Lee, A., and Barboiu, M. (2010). Single-crystal X-ray structure of 1,3-dimethylcyclobutadiene by confinement in a crystalline matrix. Science 329, 299–302.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Akala, O. O., Park, I.-K., Qian, D., Pihalja, M., Becker, M. W., and Clarke, M. F. (2008). Long-term haematopoietic reconstitution by Trp53-/-p16Ink4a-/-p19Arf-/- multipotent progenitors. Nature 453, 228–232.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonneau, D., Fatu, A., and Souchet, D. (2014). Internal Combustion Engine Bearings Lubrication in Hydrodynamic Bearings. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Black, E., Modgil, S., and Oren, N. eds. (2014). Theory and Applications of Formal Argumentation: Second International Workshop, TAFA 2013, Beijing, China, August 3-5, 2013, Revised Selected papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Khattab, A., Perkins, D., and Bayoumi, M. (2013). “Opportunistic Spectrum Access Challenges in Distributed Cognitive Radio Networks,” in Cognitive Radio Networks: From Theory to Practice, eds. D. Perkins and M. Bayoumi (New York, NY: Springer), 33–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Striated Muscle Physiology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016). As India Experiences Record Heat, Where Is The Hottest Place On Earth? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995). Direct Student Loans: Selected Characteristics of Participating Schools. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bernstein, J. P. (2010). Helical Symmetry.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mueller, B. (2017). Black Detectives in New York Say Cronyism Cost Promotions. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoskins, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Hoskins, 2003; Liu and Stegman, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liu and Stegman, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Akala et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Striated Muscle Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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