How to format your references using the Frontiers in Striated Muscle Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Striated Muscle Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heller, S. B. (2014). Summer jobs reduce violence among disadvantaged youth. Science 346, 1219–1223.
A journal article with 2 authors
Green, D. R., and Kroemer, G. (2004). The pathophysiology of mitochondrial cell death. Science 305, 626–629.
A journal article with 3 authors
Poulsen, C. J., Ehlers, T. A., and Insel, N. (2010). Onset of convective rainfall during gradual late Miocene rise of the central Andes. Science 328, 490–493.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lee, D., Seo, J., Zhu, X., Lee, J., Shin, H.-J., Cole, J. M., et al. (2013). Quantum confinement-induced tunable exciton states in graphene oxide. Sci. Rep. 3, 2250.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ruehli, A. E., Antonini, G., and Jiang, L. (2017). Circuit Oriented Electromagnetic Modeling Using the Peec Techniques. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Jerjen, H., and Koribalski, B. S. eds. (2008). Galaxies in the Local Volume. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Bedi, K. (2011). “A Methodology for Integrating Traditional Classroom Learning with Contemporary Online Learning,” in Hybrid Learning: 4th International Conference, ICHL 2011, Hong Kong, China, August 10-12, 2011. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. R. Kwan, J. Fong, L.-F. Kwok, and J. Lam (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 30–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Striated Muscle Physiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013). By 2047, our Coldest Years May Be Warmer Than the Hottest in our Past. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989). ADP Acquisition: Air Force Logistics System Modernization Projects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lyzlov, A. (2017). In Vivo Efficacy of Lanthanum Carbonate on Intestinal Phosphorus Absorption in Stage Five Chronic Kidney Disease Patients Undergoing Peritoneal Dialysis.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S. (2014). Conversation Between Works and Over Decades. New York Times, CT9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Heller, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Green and Kroemer, 2004; Heller, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Green and Kroemer, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Striated Muscle Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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