How to format your references using the Frontiers in Striated Muscle Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Striated Muscle Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
van der Oost, J. (2013). Molecular biology. New tool for genome surgery. Science 339, 768–770.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ibata, R. A., and Lewis, G. F. (2008). The cosmic web in our own backyard. Science 319, 50–52.
A journal article with 3 authors
Glover, J. D., Reganold, J. P., and Cox, C. M. (2012). Agriculture: Plant perennials to save Africa’s soils. Nature 489, 359–361.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Pal, A., Shirodkar, S. N., Gohil, S., Ghosh, S., Waghmare, U. V., and Ayyub, P. (2013). Multiferroic behavior in elemental selenium below 40 K: effect of electronic topology. Sci. Rep. 3, 2051.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Verma, J. P. (2016). Sports Research with Analytical Solution Using SPSS®. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Steinhoff, G. ed. (2016). Regenerative Medicine - from Protocol to Patient: 1. Biology of Tissue Regeneration. 3rd ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Sancha, A. M., and O’Ryan, R. (2008). “Managing Hazardous Pollutants in Chile: Arsenic,” in Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology Vol 196 Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology., ed. D. M. Whitacre (New York, NY: Springer US), 123–146.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Striated Muscle Physiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). The Case For Nuclear Power – Despite The Risks. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006). Active Commuter Rail Agency Service Contracts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Marshall, L. D. (2015). The jeweled net, sacred landscape, and the vision of the heart.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2001). On a Site of Terror and Death, Survivors Find a Role. New York Times, H6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (van der Oost, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Ibata and Lewis, 2008; van der Oost, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ibata and Lewis, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Pal et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Striated Muscle Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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