How to format your references using the Frontiers in Striated Muscle Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Striated Muscle Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Simmons, A. (2012). Archaeology. Mediterranean island voyages. Science 338, 895–897.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hagan, J., and Palloni, A. (2006). Social science. Death in Darfur. Science 313, 1578–1579.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ambrose, K. V., Koppenhöfer, A. M., and Belanger, F. C. (2014). Horizontal gene transfer of a bacterial insect toxin gene into the Epichloë fungal symbionts of grasses. Sci. Rep. 4, 5562.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wu, M., Zhao, D., Zhong, W., Yan, H., Wang, X., Liang, Z., et al. (2013). High-density distributed electrode network, a multi-functional electroporation method for delivery of molecules of different sizes. Sci. Rep. 3, 3370.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Owen, J. S., and Fiedler-Kelly, J. (2014). Introduction to Population Pharmacokinetic / Pharmacodynamic Analysis with Nonlinear Mixed Effects Models. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Koubaa, A. ed. (2016). Robot Operating System (ROS): The Complete Reference (Volume 1). 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Cervantes-Cota, J. L., and Klapp, J. (2014). “Fluids in Cosmology,” in Computational and Experimental Fluid Mechanics with Applications to Physics, Engineering and the Environment Environmental Science and Engineering., eds. L. D. G. Sigalotti, J. Klapp, and E. Sira (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 71–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Striated Muscle Physiology.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2017). Are You Getting Enough Vitamin B1 To Help Fend Off Alzheimer’s? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008). National Transportation Safety Board: Progress Made in Management Practices, Investigation Priorities, Training Center Use, and Information Security, But These Areas Continue to Need Improvement. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Venegas Carro, G. I. (2017). The Slow Movements of Anton Bruckner’s Symphonies: Dialogical Perspectives.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, M. (2017). ‘Groundhog Day’ Will Close on Sept. 17. New York Times, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Simmons, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Hagan and Palloni, 2006; Simmons, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hagan and Palloni, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Wu et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Striated Muscle Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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