How to format your references using the Frontiers in Striated Muscle Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Striated Muscle Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pratt, S. T. (2014). Ultrafast dynamics. Charge transfer goes the distance. Science 345, 267–268.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brookes, D., and Etkina, E. (2010). SPORE series winner. Physical phenomena in real time. Science 330, 605–606.
A journal article with 3 authors
Peltier, W. R., Liu, Y., and Crowley, J. W. (2007). Snowball Earth prevention by dissolved organic carbon remineralization. Nature 450, 813–818.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lohmann, K. J., Cain, S. D., Dodge, S. A., and Lohmann, C. M. (2001). Regional magnetic fields as navigational markers for sea turtles. Science 294, 364–366.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Braha, A., and Groza, G. (2006). Moderne Abwassertechnik. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Siarry, P., Idoumghar, L., and Lepagnot, J. eds. (2016). Swarm Intelligence Based Optimization: Second International Conference, ICSIBO 2016, Mulhouse, France, June 13-14, 2016, Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Rosengarten, D. (2013). “By the Rivers of Babylon: The Lowcountry Basket in Slavery and Freedom,” in African Ethnobotany in the Americas, eds. R. Voeks and J. Rashford (New York, NY: Springer), 123–152.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Striated Muscle Physiology.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2017). Odd States Of Matter: How Three British Theorists Scooped The 2016 Nobel Prize For Physics. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1978). Better Criteria Needed for Awarding Grants for School Desegregation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tolley, C. B. (2009). The role of trust and care in the implementation of a social constructivist curriculum in physical education.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
LaFORGIA, M. (2017). Delaying Repairs on Decrepit Tracks. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pratt, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Brookes and Etkina, 2010; Pratt, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brookes and Etkina, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Lohmann et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Striated Muscle Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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