How to format your references using the Surveys in Operations Research and Management Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Surveys in Operations Research and Management Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. Petronis, Epigenetics as a unifying principle in the aetiology of complex traits and diseases, Nature. 465 (2010) 721–727.
A journal article with 2 authors
Y. Tang, A.E. Cohen, Enhanced enantioselectivity in excitation of chiral molecules by superchiral light, Science. 332 (2011) 333–336.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Spinner, G. Westhoff, S.N. Gorb, Subdigital setae of chameleon feet: friction-enhancing microstructures for a wide range of substrate roughness, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5481.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D. Zerrouki, J. Baudry, D. Pine, P. Chaikin, J. Bibette, Chiral colloidal clusters, Nature. 455 (2008) 380–382.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G. Dimitriadis, Introduction to Nonlinear Aeroelasticity, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2017.
An edited book
M.B.A. Oldstone, ed., Molecular Mimicry: Infection-Inducing Autoimmune Disease, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
C.K. Chia, M. Hopkinson, Catastrophic Optical Damage in Quantum Dot Lasers, in: Z.M. Wang (Ed.), Quantum Dot Devices, Springer, New York, NY, 2012: pp. 93–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Surveys in Operations Research and Management Science.

Blog post
T. Hale, Volkswagen’s Emissions Cheat Will Cause 1,200 Premature Deaths, Scientists Say, IFLScience. (2017).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Energy Research and Development Administration’s Contingency Plan for Constructing Additional Enrichment Capacity at Portsmouth, Ohio, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1975.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D.A. Gomez, System of systems engineering: Prescribing the technical development effort to engineer a constituent system, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Billard, A Yoga Manifesto, New York Times. (2010) ST1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSurveys in Operations Research and Management Science
ISSN (print)1876-7354
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Information Systems
Management Science and Operations Research
Economics and Econometrics

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