How to format your references using the Surveys in Operations Research and Management Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Surveys in Operations Research and Management Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
V. Bromm, Chemistry. To cool or not to cool, Science. 329 (2010) 45–46.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Krupovic, E.V. Koonin, Evolution of eukaryotic single-stranded DNA viruses of the Bidnaviridae family from genes of four other groups of widely different viruses, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5347.
A journal article with 3 authors
K. Kwak, K. Cho, S. Kim, Stable bending performance of flexible organic light-emitting diodes using IZO anodes, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2787.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. Reimer, S. Yagur-Kroll, S. Belkin, S. Roy, J.R. van der Meer, Escherichia [corrected] coli ribose binding protein based bioreporters revisited, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5626.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
I. Lavagnini, F. Magno, R. Seraglia, P. Traldi, Quantitative Applications of Mass Spectrometry, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2006.
An edited book
A. Ammar, M. Bernstein, eds., Neurosurgical Ethics in Practice: Value-based Medicine, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Ballerio, D. Cerizza, Using Text Mining to Validate Diagnoses of Acute Myocardial Infarction, in: N. Grieco, M. Marzegalli, A.M. Paganoni (Eds.), New Diagnostic, Therapeutic and Organizational Strategies for Acute Coronary Syndromes Patients, Springer, Milano, 2013: pp. 69–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Surveys in Operations Research and Management Science.

Blog post
S. Luntz, Mathematicians Work Out Zombie Apocalypse Plan, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, U.S. Must Spend More To Maintain Lead in Space Technology, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1980.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E.M. Nadeau, Baby Boomer Generation’s Knowledge of Alzheimer’s Disease, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Kercher, From Pinup to Muse, New York Times. (2016) D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSurveys in Operations Research and Management Science
ISSN (print)1876-7354
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Information Systems
Management Science and Operations Research
Economics and Econometrics

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