How to format your references using the Surveys in Operations Research and Management Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Surveys in Operations Research and Management Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Adam, Field trials excluded from UK crop appraisal, Nature. 420 (2002) 453.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. Nesbit, M. Bradford, 2006 Visualization Challenge, Science. 313 (2006) 1729.
A journal article with 3 authors
K. Sugase, H.J. Dyson, P.E. Wright, Mechanism of coupled folding and binding of an intrinsically disordered protein, Nature. 447 (2007) 1021–1025.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J.-H. Min, H. Yang, M. Ivan, F. Gertler, W.G. Kaelin Jr, N.P. Pavletich, Structure of an HIF-1alpha -pVHL complex: hydroxyproline recognition in signaling, Science. 296 (2002) 1886–1889.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
L. Marroni, I. Perdomo, Pricing and Hedging Financial Derivatives, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2013.
An edited book
N.D. Le, Statistical Analysis of Environmental Space-Time Processes, Springer, New York, NY, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
D.-Z. Du, P.-J. Wan, CDS in Unit Ball Graphs and Growth Bounded Graphs, in: P.-J. Wan (Ed.), Connected Dominating Set: Theory and Applications, Springer, New York, NY, 2013: pp. 63–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Surveys in Operations Research and Management Science.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Does Fracking Cause Cancer And Infertility?, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, GAO Report on Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Highway Trust Fund Excise Taxes, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
G.S. Smith, The relationship between legislative implementations and educator readiness in inclusive educational environments, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, In Afghanistan, On the Road to Boston, New York Times. (2010) SP6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSurveys in Operations Research and Management Science
ISSN (print)1876-7354
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Information Systems
Management Science and Operations Research
Economics and Econometrics

Other styles