How to format your references using the Antiquity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Antiquity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Feldheim, D.L. 2007. Chemistry. The new face of catalysis. Science (New York, N.Y.) 316: 699–700.
A journal article with 2 authors
Olsen, A. & U. Ninnemann. 2010. Large delta13C gradients in the preindustrial North Atlantic revealed. Science (New York, N.Y.) 330: 658–59.
A journal article with 3 authors
Asphaug, E., C.B. Agnor & Q. Williams. 2006. Hit-and-run planetary collisions. Nature 439: 155–60.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Choi, D., M. Moneck, X. Liu, S.J. Oh, C.R. Kagan, K.R. Coffey & K. Barmak. 2013. Crystallographic anisotropy of the resistivity size effect in single crystal tungsten nanowires. Scientific reports 3: 2591.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hogg, R.M. & R.D. Fulk. 2011. A Grammar of Old English. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
del Río, L.A. (ed.). 2013. Peroxisomes and their Key Role in Cellular Signaling and Metabolism. Vol. 69 (Subcellular Biochemistry). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Jóźwiak, W., J. Jankowski & T. Ernst. 2014. Natural Variations of the Geomagnetic Field: Observations and Application to Study of the Earth’s Interior and Ionosphere, in R. Bialik, M. Majdański & M. Moskalik (ed.) Achievements, History and Challenges in Geophysics: 60th Anniversary of the Institute of Geophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences: 65–84 (GeoPlanet: Earth and Planetary Sciences). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Antiquity.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. 2016. Solar Superflares Might Be Responsible For Life On Earth. IFLScience. IFLScience. May 24.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. Report to the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare on Fundamental Improvements Needed for Timely Promulgation of Health Program Regulations. HRD-77-58. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Einziger, H. 2010. Incidence Hopf algebras: Antipodes, forest formulas, and noncrossing partitions. Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. 2001. The Mayors Slept Here: Gracie Mansion Is Just the Latest. New York Times, May 27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Feldheim 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Feldheim 2007; Olsen & Ninnemann 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Olsen & Ninnemann 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Choi et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAntiquity
ISSN (print)0003-598X
ScopeGeneral Arts and Humanities

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