How to format your references using the Antiquity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Antiquity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hengartner, M.O. 2000. The biochemistry of apoptosis. Nature 407: 770–76.
A journal article with 2 authors
Oeppen, J. & J.W. Vaupel. 2002. Demography. Broken limits to life expectancy. Science (New York, N.Y.) 296: 1029–31.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sánchez-Villagra, M.R., O. Aguilera & I. Horovitz. 2003. The anatomy of the world’s largest extinct rodent. Science (New York, N.Y.) 301: 1708–10.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Lilic, M., V.E. Galkin, A. Orlova, M.S. VanLoock, E.H. Egelman & C.E. Stebbins. 2003. Salmonella SipA polymerizes actin by stapling filaments with nonglobular protein arms. Science (New York, N.Y.) 301: 1918–21.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hübschmann, H.-J. 2015. Handbook of GC-MS. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Wimmers, P.F. & M. Mentkowski (ed.). 2016. Assessing Competence in Professional Performance across Disciplines and Professions. Vol. 13 (Innovation and Change in Professional Education). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Sworder, D.D. & J.E. Boyd. 2016. Classification and Target Tempo, in J.E. Boyd (ed.) Locating, Classifying and Countering Agile Land Vehicles: With Applications to Command Architectures: 113–40. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Antiquity.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. First Child Born To Woman Who Had Ovary Tissue Removed And Frozen During Childhood. IFLScience. IFLScience. June 10.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1976. Review of the Office of Education’s Basic Educational Opportunity Grant Program. 089536. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sydow, K. 2010. A life review and Memory Album program to enhance family communication in assisted living. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yoo, J. 2017. Forget Watergate. Think Iran-Contra. New York Times, May 18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hengartner 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Hengartner 2000; Oeppen & Vaupel 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Oeppen & Vaupel 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Lilic et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAntiquity
ISSN (print)0003-598X
ScopeGeneral Arts and Humanities

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