How to format your references using the Antiquity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Antiquity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Leek, P.J. 2013. Applied physics. Storing quantum information in Schrödinger’s cats Science (New York, N.Y.) 342: 568–69.
A journal article with 2 authors
Osteryoung, K.W. & J. Nunnari. 2003. The division of endosymbiotic organelles Science (New York, N.Y.) 302: 1698–1704.
A journal article with 3 authors
Migliari, S., R. Fender. & M. Méndez. 2002. Iron emission lines from extended x-ray jets in SS 433: reheating of atomic nuclei Science (New York, N.Y.) 297: 1673–76.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Stiffler, M.A., J.R. Chen., V.P. Grantcharova., Y. Lei., D. Fuchs., J.E. Allen., L.A. Zaslavskaia. & G. MacBeath. 2007. PDZ domain binding selectivity is optimized across the mouse proteome Science (New York, N.Y.) 317: 364–69.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fisk, P. 2013. Chemical Risk Assessment. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Lyytinen, K., P. Loucopoulos., J. Mylopoulos. & B. Robinson. (ed.) 2009. Design Requirements Engineering: A Ten-Year Perspective: Design Requirements Workshop, Cleveland, OH, USA, June 3-6, 2007, Revised and Invited Papers. Vol. 14. Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bosek, B., S. Felsner., K. Knauer. & G. Matecki. 2012. News about Semiantichains and Unichain Coverings, in E.A. Hirsch, J. Karhumäki, A. Lepistö, & M. Prilutskii (ed.) Computer Science – Theory and Applications: 7th International Computer Science Symposium in Russia, CSR 2012, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia, July 3-7, 2012. Proceedings: 43–51. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Antiquity.

Blog post
Fang, J. 2014. Kangaroos Have Five Legs IFLScience. IFLScience. July 2.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1975. Contractors’ Independent Research and Development. 094624. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Masumdar, S. 2017. Vibration-based electromagnetic energy harvester for low-frequency road traffic. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. 2002. When Windows on a Building Become Windows of the Soul New York Times, November 3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Leek 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Leek 2013; Osteryoung & Nunnari 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Osteryoung & Nunnari 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Stiffler et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleAntiquity
ISSN (print)0003-598X
ScopeGeneral Arts and Humanities

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