How to format your references using the Antiquity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Antiquity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chiang, T. 2000. Catching crumbs from the table. In the face of metahuman science, humans have become metascientists Nature 405: 517.
A journal article with 2 authors
Al Khawaja, U. & H. Stoof. 2001. Skyrmions in a ferromagnetic Bose-Einstein condensate Nature 411: 918–20.
A journal article with 3 authors
Warner, D.A., T. Uller. & R. Shine. 2013. Transgenerational sex determination: the embryonic environment experienced by a male affects offspring sex ratio Scientific reports 3: 2709.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Thibault-Starzyk, F., E. Seguin., S. Thomas., M. Daturi., H. Arnolds. & D.A. King. 2009. Real-time infrared detection of cyanide flip on silver-alumina NOx removal catalyst Science (New York, N.Y.) 324: 1048–51.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sanders, S. 2015. Seizures in Dogs and Cats. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Babu, S.C. & S. Djalalov. (ed.) 2006. Policy Reforms and Agriculture Development in Central Asia. Vol. 28. Natural Resource Management and Policy. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Trahms, L. 2009. Biomedical Applications of Magnetic Nanoparticles, in S. Odenbach (ed.) Colloidal Magnetic Fluids: Basics, Development and Application of Ferrofluids: 1–32. Lecture Notes in Physics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Antiquity.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. Rising CO2 Levels Are Changing How Fast Forests Cycle Water IFLScience. IFLScience. May 17.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2008. Information Technology: VA Has Taken Important Steps to Centralize Control of Its Resources, but Effectiveness Depends on Additional Planned Actions. GAO-08-449T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lawary, Y. 2014. A Comparison of How Three Four-Year University Teacher Education Programs Prepare Pre-Service Teachers to Use Culturally Relevant Pedagogy. Doctoral dissertation, St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, P. & I. Fisher. 2017. Trump Stresses Palestinian Deal New York Times, May 22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chiang 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Chiang 2000; Al Khawaja & Stoof 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Al Khawaja & Stoof 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Thibault-Starzyk et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleAntiquity
ISSN (print)0003-598X
ScopeGeneral Arts and Humanities

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