How to format your references using the Antiquity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Antiquity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blencowe, M. 2004. Physics. Nanomechanical quantum limits Science (New York, N.Y.) 304: 56–57.
A journal article with 2 authors
van der Marel, D. & G.A. Sawatzky. 2014. Physics. An optical twist for triplet superconductors Science (New York, N.Y.) 345: 138–39.
A journal article with 3 authors
Soares, L., M. Parisi. & N.M. Bonini. 2014. Axon injury and regeneration in the adult Drosophila Scientific reports 4: 6199.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Boettger, T., C.A. Hübner., H. Maier., M.B. Rust., F.X. Beck. & T.J. Jentsch. 2002. Deafness and renal tubular acidosis in mice lacking the K-Cl co-transporter Kcc4 Nature 416: 874–78.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Perez, A. 2013. IP, Ethernet and MPLS Networks. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Imani, J. 2009. Plant Cell and Tissue Culture - A Tool in Biotechnology: Basics and Application. (ed.)A. Kumar & K.-H. Neumann. Principles and Practice. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Macià, F. 2015. High-Frequency Dynamics for the Schrödinger Equation, with Applications to Dispersion and Observability, in C. Besse & J.-C. Garreau (ed.) Nonlinear Optical and Atomic Systems: At the Interface of Physics and Mathematics: 275–335. Lecture Notes in Mathematics. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Antiquity.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. 2015. What Happens When Hummingbirds Fly In A Wind Tunnel? IFLScience. IFLScience. April 1.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. R&D Funding: The Department of Education in Perspective. PEMD-88-18FS. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilkerson, K. 2010. A comprehensive educational program for male and female teen parents: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. 2012. After Victory in Heptathlon, ‘Face of Olympics in Britain’ Has a Golden Glow New York Times, August 5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blencowe 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Blencowe 2004; van der Marel & Sawatzky 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (van der Marel & Sawatzky 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Boettger et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleAntiquity
ISSN (print)0003-598X
ScopeGeneral Arts and Humanities

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