How to format your references using the Journal of Clinical Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Clinical Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Attaran A. Where did it all go wrong? Nature 2004;430:932–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Teng MWL, Smyth MJ. Cancer. Can cancer trigger autoimmunity? Science 2014;343:147–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
True HL, Berlin I, Lindquist SL. Epigenetic regulation of translation reveals hidden genetic variation to produce complex traits. Nature 2004;431:184–7.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Krekelberg B, Dannenberg S, Hoffmann K-P, et al. Neural correlates of implied motion. Nature 2003;424:674–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Ushakov I. Probabilistic Reliability Models. Hoboken, NJ: : John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2012.
An edited book
1
Almeida L, Ji J, Steinbauer G, et al., editors. RoboCup 2015: Robot World Cup XIX. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: : Springer International Publishing 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Blankertz B, Tangermann M, Popescu F, et al. The Berlin Brain-Computer Interface. In: Zurada JM, Yen GG, Wang J, eds. Computational Intelligence: Research Frontiers: IEEE World Congress on Computational Intelligence, WCCI 2008, Hong Kong, China, June 1-6, 2008, Plenary/Invited Lectures. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2008. 79–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Clinical Pathology.

Blog post
1
Fang J. Why Do Dogs Like To Smell Butts So Much? IFLScience. 2014.https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/why-do-dogs-smell-butts-so-much/ (accessed 30 Oct 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Abstinence Education: Assessing the Accuracy and Effectiveness of Federally Funded Programs. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Blackmar MD. Wagner domesticated, Wagner democratized: The parlor reception of Musikdrama. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
MARY WILLIAMS WALSH; Compiled by DAVE ITZKOFF. U.S. to Take Over Orchestra’s Pensions. New York Times. 2011;:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Clinical Pathology
AbbreviationJ. Clin. Pathol.
ISSN (print)0021-9746
ISSN (online)1472-4146
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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