How to format your references using the Journal of Clinical Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Clinical Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Dalton R. Los Alamos labs are safe from fire. Nature 2000;405:264.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Flatt T, Promislow DEL. Physiology. Still pondering an age-old question. Science 2007;318:1255–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Gneezy U, Keenan EA, Gneezy A. Behavioral economics. Avoiding overhead aversion in charity. Science 2014;346:632–5.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Schmidt D, Wilson MD, Ballester B, et al. Five-vertebrate ChIP-seq reveals the evolutionary dynamics of transcription factor binding. Science 2010;328:1036–40.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Pohanish RP. HazMat Data. Hoboken, NJ: : John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2005.
An edited book
1
Licata I. Quantum Potential: Physics, Geometry and Algebra. Cham: : Springer International Publishing 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Dörfler P, Sick M, Coutu A. Cavitation-Related Phenomena. In: Sick M, Coutu A, eds. Flow-Induced Pulsation and Vibration in Hydroelectric Machinery: Engineer’s Guidebook for Planning, Design and Troubleshooting. London: : Springer 2013. 129–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Clinical Pathology.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. “Gentle” Microscope Reveals 3D Action Shots Of Living Organisms. IFLScience. 2014.https://www.iflscience.com/technology/gentle-microscope-reveals-3d-action-shots-living-organisms/ (accessed 30 Oct 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Automobile Weight and Safety. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Aloe-Chase ST. Family member perspectives on collaboration: An exploratory study. 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Chapman MM. Michigan: Another Hearing On the Detroit Bankruptcy. New York Times. 2013;:A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Clinical Pathology
AbbreviationJ. Clin. Pathol.
ISSN (print)0021-9746
ISSN (online)1472-4146
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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