How to format your references using the Journal of Clinical Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Clinical Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Bunk S. Sandia scientists develop instruments at the crossroads. Nature 2001;410:128–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Johnson LDS, Jameson SC. Immunology. A chronic need for IL-21. Science 2009;324:1525–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Jimenez-Sanchez G, Childs B, Valle D. Human disease genes. Nature 2001;409:853–5.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Wang K, Titchener JG, Kruk SS, et al. Quantum metasurface for multiphoton interference and state reconstruction. Science 2018;361:1104–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Preber BJ. Financial Expert Witness Communication. Hoboken, NJ: : John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2014.
An edited book
1
Ravi SS, Shukla SK, editors. Fundamental Problems in Computing: Essays in Honor of Professor Daniel J. Rosenkrantz. Dordrecht: : Springer Netherlands 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Kupferman O, Sadigh D, Seshia SA. Synthesis with Clairvoyance. In: Eder K, Lourenço J, Shehory O, eds. Hardware and Software: Verification and Testing: 7th International Haifa Verification Conference, HVC 2011, Haifa, Israel, December 6-8, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2012. 5–19.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Clinical Pathology.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. Woman Becomes Obese After Fecal Transplant From Overweight Donor. IFLScience. 2015.https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/woman-becomes-obese-after-fecal-transplant-overweight-donor/ (accessed 30 Oct 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Data Center Consolidation: Strengthened Oversight Needed to Achieve Cost Savings Goal. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Amodeo GA. Structural and biochemical characterization of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae AMPK homolog SNF1. 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Brantley B. Oh, the Faults in Their Stars. New York Times. 2017;:C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Clinical Pathology
AbbreviationJ. Clin. Pathol.
ISSN (print)0021-9746
ISSN (online)1472-4146
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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