How to format your references using the Surveys in Geophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Surveys in Geophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Turnpenny L (2009) Journal club. A stem-cell researcher considers an accusation of dullness. Nature 459:143
A journal article with 2 authors
Soldner F, Jaenisch R (2012) Medicine. iPSC disease modeling. Science 338:1155–1156
A journal article with 3 authors
Stenner MD, Gauthier DJ, Neifeld MA (2003) The speed of information in a “fast-light” optical medium. Nature 425:695–698
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hanaguri T, Kohsaka Y, Ono M, et al (2009) Coherence factors in a high-tc cuprate probed by quasi-particle scattering off vortices. Science 323:923–926

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Samuels J (2015) The Trader’s Pendulum. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Veves A, Giurini JM, LoGerfo FW (eds) (2012) The Diabetic Foot: Medical and Surgical Management, 3rd ed. 2012. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ
A chapter in an edited book
Dana RH (2009) Transitions in Psychotherapy, Clinical Diagnosis, and Assessment. In: Dana RH, Allen J (eds) Cultural Competency Training in a Global Society. Springer, New York, NY, pp 79–94

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Surveys in Geophysics.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) France Leads The Way With World’s First Solar Panel Road. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008) Health Information Technology: HHS Has Taken Important Steps to Address Privacy Principles and Challenges, Although More Work Remains. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stein E (2017) Oncology Summer Camp Attendance and Self-Esteem and Internalizing and Externalizing Behaviors Among Pediatric Cancer Patients and Siblings. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vlasic B, Chapman MM (2015) U.A.W. Is Said to Flatly Reject Fiat Chrysler Contract Offer. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Turnpenny 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Turnpenny 2009; Soldner and Jaenisch 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Soldner and Jaenisch 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Hanaguri et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleSurveys in Geophysics
AbbreviationSurv. Geophys.
ISSN (print)0169-3298
ISSN (online)1573-0956
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

Other styles