How to format your references using the Surveys in Geophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Surveys in Geophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vrakking M (2010) Journal club. A physicist discusses how to visualize a molecule changing shape. Nature 465:271
A journal article with 2 authors
Davidson EH, Erwin DH (2006) Gene regulatory networks and the evolution of animal body plans. Science 311:796–800
A journal article with 3 authors
Lyko F, Ramsahoye BH, Jaenisch R (2000) DNA methylation in Drosophila melanogaster. Nature 408:538–540
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Lyuksyutova AI, Lu C-C, Milanesio N, et al (2003) Anterior-posterior guidance of commissural axons by Wnt-frizzled signaling. Science 302:1984–1988

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Walter RJ (1998) Practical Compliance with the EPA Risk Management Program. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Ni Y-Q, Ye X-W (eds) (2012) Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on High-Speed and Intercity Railways: Volume 2. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Fu Y (2007) Linear and Nonlinear Wave Propagation in Coated or Uncoated Elastic Half-spaces. In: Destrade M, Saccomandi G (eds) Waves in Nonlinear Pre-Stressed Materials. Springer, Vienna, pp 103–127

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Surveys in Geophysics.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) Bioethicist: The Climate Crisis Calls For Fewer Children. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/bioethicist-the-climate-crisis-calls-for-fewer-children/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) U.S.-Korea Fighter Coproduction Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCullough J (2009) Functional outcomes and patient satisfaction. A retrospective study to determine if these factors are correlated in a clinical setting. A project report. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grisham J (2017) John Grisham’s Suggestions for Writing Popular Fiction. New York Times BR31

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Vrakking 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Davidson and Erwin 2006; Vrakking 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Davidson and Erwin 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Lyuksyutova et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleSurveys in Geophysics
AbbreviationSurv. Geophys.
ISSN (print)0169-3298
ISSN (online)1573-0956
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology
Geophysics

Other styles