How to format your references using the Surveys in Geophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Surveys in Geophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Desiraju GR (2012) Policy: Bold strategies for Indian science. Nature 484:159–160
A journal article with 2 authors
Ottino JM, Lueptow RM (2008) Materials science. On mixing and demixing. Science 319:912–913
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang Z, Szolnoki A, Perc M (2013) Interdependent network reciprocity in evolutionary games. Sci Rep 3:1183
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Petersen TH, Calle EA, Zhao L, et al (2010) Tissue-engineered lungs for in vivo implantation. Science 329:538–541

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eidhammer I, Barsnes H, Eide GE, Martens L (2013) Computational and Statistical Methods for Protein Quantification by Mass Spectrometry. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Haupt SE, Pasini A, Marzban C (eds) (2009) Artificial Intelligence Methods in the Environmental Sciences. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Forgasz R, Clemans A (2014) Feeling. In: Taylor M, Coia L (eds) Gender, Feminism, and Queer Theory in the Self-Study of Teacher Education Practices. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp 61–75

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Surveys in Geophysics.

Blog post
Davis J (2016) Ban On GM Crops In Europe Should Be Rethought, Says Royal Society. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) Adolescent Drug Use Prevention: Common Features of Promising Community Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bubert EA (2009) Highly extensible skin for a variable wing-span morphing aircraft utilizing pneumatic artificial muscle actuation. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Thomas K (2014) Drug Company Enlists Doctors Under Scrutiny. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Desiraju 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Ottino and Lueptow 2008; Desiraju 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ottino and Lueptow 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Petersen et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleSurveys in Geophysics
AbbreviationSurv. Geophys.
ISSN (print)0169-3298
ISSN (online)1573-0956
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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