How to format your references using the Neural Plasticity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neural Plasticity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Bollen, “Cell cycle: It takes three to find the exit.,” Nature. vol. 517, no. 7532, pp. 29–30, 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Deuss and J. Woodhouse, “Seismic observations of splitting of the mid-transition zone discontinuity in Earth’s mantle,.” Science (New York, N.Y.). vol. 294, no. 5541, pp. 354–357, 2001.
A journal article with 3 authors
V. Polyak, C. Hill, and Y. Asmerom, “Age and evolution of the Grand Canyon revealed by U-Pb dating of water table-type speleothems.,” Science (New York, N.Y.). vol. 319, no. 5868, pp. 1377–1380, 2008.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
G.-Y. Chen, J. Tang, P. Zheng, and Y. Liu, “CD24 and Siglec-10 selectively repress tissue damage-induced immune responses.,” Science (New York, N.Y.). vol. 323, no. 5922, pp. 1722–1725, 2009.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B. Sun, Multiphase Flow in Oil and Gas Well Drilling. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore, 2016.
An edited book
M. Cossentino, V. Hilaire, A. Molesini, and V. Seidita, Eds., Handbook on Agent-Oriented Design Processes. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
O. Kosheleva, “Towards Optimal Compression of Meteorological Data: A Case Study of Using Interval-Motivated Overestimators in Global Optimization.,” In: A. Törn and J. Žilinskas, Eds. Models and Algorithms for Global Optimization: Essays Dedicated to Antanas Žilinskas on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday. pp. 59–71. Springer US, Boston, MA (2007).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neural Plasticity.

Blog post
J. Fang, “Caterpillars Disarm Corn With Their Poop,”


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, FCC: Maritime Communications. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
T.W. Chapman, “Evaluating the δ13C Value of n-Alkanes as a Recorder of Atmospheric Chemistry,” (2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Greenhouse, “Two Stars, Meeting Across a Bible,” (2009).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeural Plasticity
AbbreviationNeural Plast.
ISSN (print)2090-5904
ISSN (online)1687-5443
ScopeClinical Neurology

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