How to format your references using the Neural Plasticity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neural Plasticity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
T.D. Wilson, “Behavior. The power of social psychological interventions.,” Science (New York, N.Y.). vol. 313, no. 5791, pp. 1251–1252, 2006.
A journal article with 2 authors
W. Feng and K. Takemoto, “Heterogeneity in ecological mutualistic networks dominantly determines community stability.,” Scientific reports. vol. 4, p. 5912, 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.S.M. Peiris, L.L.M. Poon, and Y. Guan, “Public health. Surveillance of animal influenza for pandemic preparedness.,” Science (New York, N.Y.). vol. 335, no. 6073, pp. 1173–1174, 2012.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
B. Zaban, W. Liu, X. Jiang, and P. Nick, “Plant cells use auxin efflux to explore geometry.,” Scientific reports. vol. 4, p. 5852, 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Y. Tan, Artificial Immune System Applications in Computersecurity. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2016.
An edited book
B. Musschenga and A. van Harskamp, Eds., What Makes Us Moral? On the capacities and conditions for being moral. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
L. Haddad and C. Helou, “Lower and Upper Classes of Natural Numbers.,” In: M.B. Nathanson, Ed. Combinatorial and Additive Number Theory: CANT 2011 and 2012. pp. 43–53. Springer, New York, NY (2014).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neural Plasticity.

Blog post
T. Hale, “Could Civilization Survive A Nuclear Winter?,”


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Expenditures for Consulting Services Under Two Federally Funded Education Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1975.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
W.A. Lucas, “Dynamics of Food Consumption in a Q’eqchi’ Maya Community,” (2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
E. St. John Kelly, “Have Guitar, Will Picket,” (1997).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeural Plasticity
AbbreviationNeural Plast.
ISSN (print)2090-5904
ISSN (online)1687-5443
ScopeClinical Neurology

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