How to format your references using the Neural Plasticity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neural Plasticity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M.A. Brockhurst, “Evolution. Sex, death, and the Red Queen.,” Science (New York, N.Y.). vol. 333, no. 6039, pp. 166–167, 2011.
A journal article with 2 authors
M.T. Woodside and P.L. McEuen, “Scanned probe imaging of single-electron charge states in nanotube quantum dots.,” Science (New York, N.Y.). vol. 296, no. 5570, pp. 1098–1101, 2002.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. Zarrinpar, S.-H. Park, and W.A. Lim, “Optimization of specificity in a cellular protein interaction network by negative selection.,” Nature. vol. 426, no. 6967, pp. 676–680, 2003.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
G.-B. Jo, Y.-R. Lee, J.-H. Choi, et al., “Itinerant ferromagnetism in a Fermi gas of ultracold atoms.,” Science (New York, N.Y.). vol. 325, no. 5947, pp. 1521–1524, 2009.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
F. Grist, Basic Guide to Orthodontic Dental Nursing. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 2010.
An edited book
A. Tosti, K. Beer, and M.P. De Padova, Eds., Management of Complications of Cosmetic Procedures: Handling Common and More Uncommon Problems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Y.-F. Mei, B. Harrach, and G. Wadell, “Mastadenovirus.,” In: C. Tidona and G. Darai, Eds. The Springer Index of Viruses. pp. 33–48. Springer, New York, NY (2011).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neural Plasticity.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, “A Dwarf Planet Beyond Neptune Is Bigger Than We Thought,”


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Special Education: Additional Assistance and Better Coordination Needed among Education Offices to Help States Meet the NCLBA Teacher Requirements. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R.H.-J. Lim, “A stylistic analysis of and performance suggestions for Robert Muczynski’s Second Piano Sonata, Opus 22,” (2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Widdicombe, “Glamour? There’s an App for That,” (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeural Plasticity
AbbreviationNeural Plast.
ISSN (print)2090-5904
ISSN (online)1687-5443
ScopeClinical Neurology

Other styles