How to format your references using the Neural Plasticity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neural Plasticity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G. Shelach, “Anthropology. On the invention of pottery.,” Science (New York, N.Y.). vol. 336, no. 6089, pp. 1644–1645, 2012.
A journal article with 2 authors
T.B. Quental and C.R. Marshall, “How the Red Queen drives terrestrial mammals to extinction.,” Science (New York, N.Y.). vol. 341, no. 6143, pp. 290–292, 2013.
A journal article with 3 authors
P. Hauke, L. Tagliacozzo, and M. Lewenstein, “Physics. Speeding up quantum field theories.,” Science (New York, N.Y.). vol. 336, no. 6085, pp. 1122–1123, 2012.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
S.H. Lee, K.K. Fu, J.N. Hui, and J.M. Richman, “Noggin and retinoic acid transform the identity of avian facial prominences.,” Nature. vol. 414, no. 6866, pp. 909–912, 2001.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. Girling, Operational Risk Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2013.
An edited book
A.M. Bigatti, P. Gimenez, and E. Sáenz-de-Cabezón, Eds., Monomial Ideals, Computations and Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
R. Flores, “Making Sense of Suffering: Insights from Buddhism and Critical Social Science.,” In: R.E. Anderson, Ed. World Suffering and Quality of Life. pp. 65–73. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2015).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neural Plasticity.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Orthorexia Nervosa: When Righteous Eating Becomes An Obsession,”


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Federal Student Loans: Challenges in Estimating Federal Subsidy Costs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. Kay, “A support group for older adult males struggling with depression: A grant proposal,” (2013).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
A. Correal and S. Schmidt, “Pain and Anxiety Linger in Aftermath of a Blast,” (2016).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeural Plasticity
AbbreviationNeural Plast.
ISSN (print)2090-5904
ISSN (online)1687-5443
ScopeClinical Neurology

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