How to format your references using the Soil Science and Plant Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Soil Science and Plant Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Steinman L 2004: Immune therapy for autoimmune diseases. Science, 305, 212–216.
A journal article with 2 authors
Keeling MJ, Gilligan CA 2000: Metapopulation dynamics of bubonic plague. Nature, 407, 903–906.
A journal article with 3 authors
Belevich I, Verkhovsky MI, Wikström M 2006: Proton-coupled electron transfer drives the proton pump of cytochrome c oxidase. Nature, 440, 829–832.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Jacobsen J, Rodrigues MS, Telling MTF, Beraldo AL, Santos SF, Aldridge LP, Bordallo HN 2013: Nano-scale hydrogen-bond network improves the durability of greener cements. Sci. Rep., 3, 2667.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shafer G, Vovk V 2005: Probability and Finance: It’s Only a Game! Probability and Finance: It’s Only a Game! John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Khurshid S, Sen K (Eds.) 2012: Runtime Verification: Second International Conference, RV 2011, San Francisco, CA, USA, September 27-30, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Runtime Verification: Second International Conference, RV 2011, San Francisco, CA, USA, September 27-30, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Kuusisto F, Costa VS, Nassif H, Burnside E, Page D, Shavlik J 2014: Support Vector Machines for Differential Prediction. In: Machine Learning and Knowledge Discovery in Databases: European Conference, ECML PKDD 2014, Nancy, France, September 15-19, 2014. Proceedings, Part II, Eds. Calders T, Esposito F, Hüllermeier E, Meo R, pp. 50–65. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Soil Science and Plant Nutrition.

Blog post
Fang J 2015: Markings On 3.4-Million-Year-Old Bones Suggest They Were Butchered, Not Trampled. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/markings-34-million-year-old-bones-suggest-they-were-butchered-not-trampled/ (October, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2008: Higher Education: United States’ and Other Countries’ Strategies for Attracting and Funding International Students. Higher Education: United States’ and Other Countries’ Strategies for Attracting and Funding International Students. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Laubacher TL 2016: Simplifying ‘Inherently Governmental’ Functions: Choosing between a Principled Approach or More of the Same. Simplifying ‘Inherently Governmental’ Functions: Choosing between a Principled Approach or More of the Same. Doctoral dissertation Thesis, George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K 2002: Is Tabby Looking a Bit Flabby? A Possible Solution. New York Times, 147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Steinman, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Keeling and Gilligan, 2000; Steinman, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Keeling and Gilligan, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Jacobsen et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleSoil Science and Plant Nutrition
AbbreviationSoil Sci. Plant Nutr.
ISSN (print)0038-0768
ISSN (online)1747-0765
ScopePlant Science
Soil Science

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