How to format your references using the Soil Science and Plant Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Soil Science and Plant Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Trefethen LN 2007: Obituary: Gene H. Golub (1932-2007). Nature, 450, 962.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schneggenburger R, Neher E 2000: Intracellular calcium dependence of transmitter release rates at a fast central synapse. Nature, 406, 889–893.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kalas P, Graham JR, Clampin M 2005: A planetary system as the origin of structure in Fomalhaut’s dust belt. Nature, 435, 1067–1070.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Emerson J, Weinstein YS, Saraceno M, Lloyd S, Cory DG 2003: Pseudo-random unitary operators for quantum information processing. Science, 302, 2098–2100.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blackford R, Schüklenk U 2013: 50 Great Myths about Atheism. 50 Great Myths about Atheism. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Yeluri R 2014: Building the Infrastructure for Cloud Security: A Solutions view. Building the Infrastructure for Cloud Security: A Solutions view (E Castro-Leon, Ed.). Apress: Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Tomkin GH, Owens D 2014: Lipoprotein Metabolism and Alterations Induced by Insulin Resistance and Diabetes. In: Lipoproteins in Diabetes Mellitus, Eds. Jenkins AJ, Toth PP, Lyons TJ, pp. 101–124. Springer: New York, NY.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Soil Science and Plant Nutrition.

Blog post
Hale T 2017: Some Old (And Very Important) Mold Just Sold For $14,617. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/some-old-and-very-important-mold-just-sold-for-14617/ (October, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1982: Use of Program Income by Evaluation, Dissemination, and Assessment Centers Supported by OBEMLA. Use of Program Income by Evaluation, Dissemination, and Assessment Centers Supported by OBEMLA. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rostambeigi N 2010: Analyzing the correlates of patients’ adoption of preventative health services: Perceived risk, cost and availability of health care services. Analyzing the correlates of patients’ adoption of preventative health services: Perceived risk, cost and availability of health care services. Doctoral dissertation Thesis, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ruiz RR, Ivory D, Stout H 2014: 13 Deaths, Untold Heartache, From G.M. Defect. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Trefethen, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Schneggenburger and Neher, 2000; Trefethen, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schneggenburger and Neher, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Emerson et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleSoil Science and Plant Nutrition
AbbreviationSoil Sci. Plant Nutr.
ISSN (print)0038-0768
ISSN (online)1747-0765
ScopePlant Science
Soil Science

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