How to format your references using the Soil Science and Plant Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Soil Science and Plant Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jackson A 2000: Critical time for fluid dynamos. Nature, 405, 1003–1004.
A journal article with 2 authors
Arnold DH, Johnston A 2003: Motion-induced spatial conflict. Nature, 425, 181–184.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ginsberg MR, Rubin RA, Natowicz MR 2013: Patterning of regional gene expression in autism: new complexity. Sci. Rep., 3, 1831.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Brandt K, Wolff MFH, Salikov V, Heinrich S, Schneider GA 2013: A novel method for a multi-level hierarchical composite with brick-and-mortar structure. Sci. Rep., 3, 2322.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Spence R 2008: Introductory Circuits. Introductory Circuits. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.: Chichester, West Sussex.
An edited book
Márquez A, Ramos P, Urrutia J (Eds.) 2012: Computational Geometry: XIV Spanish Meeting on Computational Geometry, EGC 2011, Dedicated to Ferran Hurtado on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday, Alcalá de Henares, Spain, June 27-30, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Computational Geometry: XIV Spanish Meeting on Computational Geometry, EGC 2011, Dedicated to Ferran Hurtado on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday, Alcalá de Henares, Spain, June 27-30, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Pajoum Shariati SR, Moeinzadeh S, Jabbari E 2015: Hydrogels for Cell Encapsulation and Bioprinting. In: Bioprinting in Regenerative Medicine, Ed. Turksen K, pp. 89–108. Springer International Publishing: Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Soil Science and Plant Nutrition.

Blog post
Fang J 2014: Glacial Meltwater on Martian Volcano May Have Harbored Life. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/glacial-meltwater-martian-volcano-may-have-harbored-life/ (October, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2006: Wood Utilization: Federal Research and Product Development Activities, Support, and Technology Transfer. Wood Utilization: Federal Research and Product Development Activities, Support, and Technology Transfer. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watkins D 2008: The common factors between coaching cultures and transformational leadership, transactional leadership, and high-performance organizational cultures. The common factors between coaching cultures and transformational leadership, transactional leadership, and high-performance organizational cultures. Doctoral dissertation Thesis, University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barry E, Kishkovsky S 2013: Parsing Motives In Bolshoi Attack. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jackson, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Arnold and Johnston, 2003; Jackson, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Arnold and Johnston, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Brandt et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleSoil Science and Plant Nutrition
AbbreviationSoil Sci. Plant Nutr.
ISSN (print)0038-0768
ISSN (online)1747-0765
ScopePlant Science
Soil Science

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