How to format your references using the Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mayo MJ (2009) Video games: a route to large-scale STEM education? Science 323:79–82
A journal article with 2 authors
Frenking G, Holzmann N (2012) Chemistry. A boron-boron triple bond. Science 336:1394–1395
A journal article with 3 authors
Knill E, Laflamme R, Milburn GJ (2001) A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics. Nature 409:46–52
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Steinmetz LM, Sinha H, Richards DR, et al (2002) Dissecting the architecture of a quantitative trait locus in yeast. Nature 416:326–330

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Padgett S (2014) Profiling the Fraudster. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Moreno-Arribas MV, Bartolomé Suáldea B (2016) Wine Safety, Consumer Preference, and Human Health, 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Vyroubalová E (2016) Catholic and Puritan Conspiracies in Samuel Ward’s The Double Deliverance (1621). In: Gribben C, Spurlock S (eds) Puritans and Catholics in the Trans-Atlantic World 1600–1800. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp 47–65

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Researchers Can’t Figure Out Why This Bird Flies Across the Entire Pacific Ocean And Back. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) Chief Information Officers: Implementing Effective CIO Organizations. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wager L (2009) Racial differences in the relationship between child externalizing and corporal punishment: The role of other discipline strategies. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K (2001) You Let Your Hair Down, and This Barkeep Cuts It. New York Times 144

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSurgical and Radiologic Anatomy
AbbreviationSurg. Radiol. Anat.
ISSN (print)0930-1038
ISSN (online)1279-8517
Pathology and Forensic Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles