How to format your references using the IET Networks citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Networks. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blow, N.: ‘Small RNAs: delivering the future’Nature, 2007, 450, (7172), pp. 1117–1120.
A journal article with 2 authors
Domkin, V., Chabes, A.: ‘Phosphines are ribonucleotide reductase reductants that act via C-terminal cysteines similar to thioredoxins and glutaredoxins’Sci. Rep., 2014, 4, p. 5539.
A journal article with 3 authors
Su, Q.-P., Yang, C.-P., Zheng, S.-B.: ‘Fast and simple scheme for generating NOON states of photons in circuit QED’Sci. Rep., 2014, 4, p. 3898.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lunov, O., Zablotskii, V., Churpita, O., et al.: ‘Cell death induced by ozone and various non-thermal plasmas: therapeutic perspectives and limitations’Sci. Rep., 2014, 4, p. 7129.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maillard, P.: ‘Competitive Quality Strategies’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013)
An edited book
Gil, Z., Fliss, D.M. (Eds.): ‘Tumours of the Skull Base and Paranasal Sinuses’ (Springer India, 2012, 1st ed. 2012)
A chapter in an edited book
Sierka, R.A.: ‘Activated Carbon Adsorption and Chemical Regeneration in the Food Industry’, in Coca-Prados, J., Gutiérrez-Cervelló, G. (Eds.): ‘Economic Sustainability and Environmental Protection in Mediterranean Countries through Clean Manufacturing Methods’ (Springer Netherlands, 2013), pp. 93–105

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Networks.

Blog post
Luntz, S.: ‘Scientists Retract Paper That Said Being Sad Makes It Harder To See Colors’, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Freight Transportation: Short Sea Shipping Option Shows Importance of Systematic Approach to Public Investment Decisions’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 2005)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moris, F.A.: ‘International Trade in Research and Development Services and the Activity of MNC Subsidiaries’. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2015

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W.: ‘Shuttle’s End Leaves NASA A Pension Bill’New York Times, 2011, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Networks
ISSN (print)2047-4954

Other styles