How to format your references using the IET Networks citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Networks. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carninci, P.: ‘Genomics: mice in the ENCODE spotlight’Nature, 2014, 515, (7527), pp. 346–347.
A journal article with 2 authors
Silk, J., Chluba, J.: ‘Astronomy. Next steps for cosmology’Science, 2014, 344, (6184), pp. 586–588.
A journal article with 3 authors
Casanueva, M.O., Burga, A., Lehner, B.: ‘Fitness trade-offs and environmentally induced mutation buffering in isogenic C. elegans’Science, 2012, 335, (6064), pp. 82–85.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Garabato, A.C.N., Stevens, D.P., Watson, A.J., Roether, W.: ‘Short-circuiting of the overturning circulation in the Antarctic Circumpolar Current’Nature, 2007, 447, (7141), pp. 194–197.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kula, G., Raab, M., Stahn, S.: ‘Beyond Smart Beta’ (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2017)
An edited book
Latzer, Y., Stein, D. (Eds.): ‘Bio-Psycho-Social Contributions to Understanding Eating Disorders’ (Springer International Publishing, 2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Song, L., Hu, L.: ‘Differential Fault Attack on the PRINCE Block Cipher’, in Avoine, G., Kara, O. (Eds.): ‘Lightweight Cryptography for Security and Privacy: Second International Workshop, LightSec 2013, Gebze, Turkey, May 6-7, 2013, Revised Selected Papers’ (Springer, 2013), pp. 43–54

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Networks.

Blog post
Hale, T.: ‘These Guys Built Iron Man’s Laser Firing Gauntlet And Captain America’s Shield’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Transportation Infrastructure: Oversight of Rental Rates for Highway Construction Equipment Is Inadequate’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1993)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rankinen, W.A.: ‘The Sociophonetic and Acoustic Vowel Dynamics of Michigan’s Upper Peninsula English’. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, 2014

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C.: ‘From Town’s First Female Officer to County’s First Female Police Chief’New York Times, 2007, p. WE5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Networks
ISSN (print)2047-4954

Other styles