How to format your references using the IET Networks citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Networks. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bucksbaum, P.H.: ‘The future of attosecond spectroscopy’Science, 2007, 317, (5839), pp. 766–769.
A journal article with 2 authors
Prakash, M., Gershenfeld, N.: ‘Microfluidic bubble logic’Science, 2007, 315, (5813), pp. 832–835.
A journal article with 3 authors
Loudet, J.C., Hanusse, P., Poulin, P.: ‘Stokes drag on a sphere in a nematic liquid crystal’Science, 2004, 306, (5701), p. 1525.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hammoud, S.S., Nix, D.A., Zhang, H., Purwar, J., Carrell, D.T., Cairns, B.R.: ‘Distinctive chromatin in human sperm packages genes for embryo development’Nature, 2009, 460, (7254), pp. 473–478.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Valizadeh, P.: ‘Field Effect Transistors, A Comprehensive Overview’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2016)
An edited book
Lowes, T.: ‘Pre-Hospital Anesthesia Handbook’ (Springer International Publishing, 2016, 2nd ed. 2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Griffin, P., Cagasan, L., Care, E., Vista, A., Nava, F.: ‘Formative Assessment Policy and Its Enactment in the Philippines’, in Laveault, D., Allal, L. (Eds.): ‘Assessment for Learning: Meeting the Challenge of Implementation’ (Springer International Publishing, 2016), pp. 75–92

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Networks.

Blog post
Davis, J.: ‘The Boys Who Only Develop A Penis When They Hit The Age Of 12’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘DOT Airline Industry Oversight’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1988)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wyers, M.L.: ‘An Investigation of Teacher Understanding and Perceptions of the Effectiveness of the Use of Learning Targets in the Classroom’. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, 2015

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mcbride, K.: ‘When It’s O.K. to Pay for a Story’New York Times, 2015, p. A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Networks
ISSN (print)2047-4954

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