How to format your references using the Pediatria Polska citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pediatria Polska. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cann RL. Genetics. Y weigh in again on modern humans. Science 2013;341:465–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kolar CS, Lodge DM. Ecological predictions and risk assessment for alien fishes in North America. Science 2002;298:1233–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lindström NO, Hohenstein P, Davies JA. Nephrons require Rho-kinase for proximal-distal polarity development. Sci Rep 2013;3:2692.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Cheng H-B, Zhang Y-M, Xu C, Liu Y. Photoresponsive supramolecular complexes as efficient DNA regulator. Sci Rep 2014;4:4210.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Verdu J. Oxidative Ageing of Polymers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Pandolfo I. Orthopantomography. Milano: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Hsu A, Suskind AM, Huang AJ. Urinary Incontinence Among Older Adults. In: Lindquist LA, editor. New Directions in Geriatric Medicine: Concepts, Trends, and Evidence-Based Practice, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 49–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pediatria Polska.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Planetary Harmony Keeps The Trappist-1 System Intact. IFLScience 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Cable Television and a Regulatory Policy. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Seger JL. The Occupy Movement: Signs of Cultural Shifts in Group Processes Shaped by Place. Doctoral dissertation. Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gluck JP. Regretting My Animal Research. New York Times 2016:SR7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePediatria Polska
AbbreviationPediatr. Pol.
ISSN (print)0031-3939
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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