How to format your references using the Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Buratowski S. Gene expression: transcription initiation unwrapped. Nature 2012;483:286–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Kraemer JD, Gostin LO. Public Health and biosecurity. The limits of government regulation of science. Science 2012;335:1047–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Lederer WJ, Hagen BM, Zhao G. Cell biology. Superresolution subspace signaling. Science 2012;336:546–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Dore JE, Lukas R, Sadler DW, Karl DM. Climate-driven changes to the atmospheric CO2 sink in the subtropical North Pacific Ocean. Nature 2003;424:754–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Zonnenshain A, Stauber S. Managing and Engineering Complex Technological Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Martin D, Serjantov A, editors. Privacy Enhancing Technologies: 4th International Workshop, PET 2004, Toronto, Canada, May 26-28, 2004. Revised Selected Papers. vol. 3424. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Brigham JC. The Role of Race and Racial Prejudice in Recognizing Other People. In: Willis-Esqueda C, editor. Motivational Aspects of Prejudice and Racism, New York, NY: Springer; 2008, p. 68–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases.

Blog post
[1]
Andrews R. Is Elon Musk Building An Iron Man Suit? IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/is-elon-musk-building-an-iron-man-suit/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Student Consolidation Loans: Further Analysis Could Lead to Enhanced Default Assumptions for Budgetary Cost Estimates. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Yao D. In situ activity of NAC11-7 roseobacters in coastal waters off the Chesapeake Bay based on ftsZ expression. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kelly M. First Lady and Top Official Visit, Both Named Hillary Clinton. New York Times 1993:B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSurgery for Obesity and Related Diseases
AbbreviationSurg. Obes. Relat. Dis.
ISSN (print)1550-7289
ScopeSurgery

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