How to format your references using the British Medical Bulletin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Medical Bulletin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Shields A. Quantum optics. Quantum logic with light, glass, and mirrors. Science. 2002 Sep 13;297(5588):1821–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Zhang G, David Lou XW. Controlled growth of NiCo₂O₄ nanorods and ultrathin nanosheets on carbon nanofibers for high-performance supercapacitors. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1470.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Rychert CA, Fischer KM, Rondenay S. A sharp lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary imaged beneath eastern North America. Nature. 2005 Jul 28;436(7050):542–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Park S, Lee DH, Xu J, Kim B, Hong SW, Jeong U, et al. Macroscopic 10-terabit-per-square-inch arrays from block copolymers with lateral order. Science. 2009 Feb 20;323(5917):1030–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Joule JA, Mills K. Heterocyclic Chemistry at a Glance. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Csurka G, Kraus M, Laramee RS, Richard P, Braz J, editors. Computer Vision, Imaging and Computer Graphics. Theory and Application: 7th International Joint Conference, VISIGRAPP 2012, Rome, Italy, February 24-26, 2012, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. XX, 446 p. 255 illus. (Communications in Computer and Information Science; vol. 359).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Vestergaard C, Deleuran MS. Inflammatory-Driven Depletion of Filaggrin Proteins. In: Thyssen JP, Maibach HI, editors. Filaggrin: Basic Science, Epidemiology, Clinical Aspects and Management. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. p. 27–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Medical Bulletin.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. In The Push For Marketable Skills, Are We Forgetting The Beauty And Poetry Of STEM Disciplines? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/push-marketable-skills-are-we-forgetting-beauty-and-poetry-stem-disciplines/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Emergency Communications: Survey of Selected Federal Agencies’ Use and Procurement of Land Mobile Radio Equipment (GAO-17-13SP, October 5, 2016), an E-supplement to GAO-17-12. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016 Oct. Report No.: GAO-17-13SP.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Hau CC. Beliefs of nurse practitioner students toward testicular cancer and teaching testicular self-examinations [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Gustines GG. On Creating Black Superheroes. New York Times. 2017 Mar 2;D8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Medical Bulletin
AbbreviationBr. Med. Bull.
ISSN (print)0007-1420
ISSN (online)1471-8391
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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