How to format your references using the British Medical Bulletin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Medical Bulletin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Javitt G. Which way for genetic-test regulation? Assign regulation appropriate to the level of risk. Nature. 2010 Aug 12;466(7308):817–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Ruths D, Pfeffer J. Social sciences. Social media for large studies of behavior. Science. 2014 Nov 28;346(6213):1063–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Dong Z, Hoven CW, Rosenfield A. Lessons from the past. Nature. 2005 Feb 10;433(7026):573–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Paludan C, Schmid D, Landthaler M, Vockerodt M, Kube D, Tuschl T, et al. Endogenous MHC class II processing of a viral nuclear antigen after autophagy. Science. 2005 Jan 28;307(5709):593–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
McBain GD. Theory of Lift. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Vahid-Araghi O. Friction-Induced Vibration in Lead Screw Drives. Golnaraghi F, editor. New York, NY: Springer; 2011. X, 214 p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Oprach M, Bovekamp B. Hybrid Threats and Supply Chain Safety Management. In: Essig M, Hülsmann M, Kern E-M, Klein-Schmeink S, editors. Supply Chain Safety Management: Security and Robustness in Logistics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 89–100. (Lecture Notes in Logistics).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Medical Bulletin.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Tidal And Rotational Forces Helped Shape The Moon Early In Its History [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/tidal-and-rotational-forces-helped-shape-moon-early-its-history/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Protest of Army Contract Award for Satellite Station. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973 Jul. Report No.: B-177637.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Darnell C. Sharecropping in Higher Education: Case Study of the Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University - Florida State University Joint College of Engineering [Doctoral dissertation]. [Bloomington, IN]: Indiana University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Rothenberg B. Serious Knee Injury Fells Mattek-Sands. New York Times. 2017 Jul 7;B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Medical Bulletin
AbbreviationBr. Med. Bull.
ISSN (print)0007-1420
ISSN (online)1471-8391
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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