How to format your references using the British Medical Bulletin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Medical Bulletin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Venema L. Fathers of electronic revolution are rewarded. Nature. 2000 Oct 12;407(6805):662.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Parrish DD, Zhu T. Climate change. Clean air for megacities. Science. 2009 Oct 30;326(5953):674–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Bazzini AA, Lee MT, Giraldez AJ. Ribosome profiling shows that miR-430 reduces translation before causing mRNA decay in zebrafish. Science. 2012 Apr 13;336(6078):233–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Penna A, Demuro A, Yeromin AV, Zhang SL, Safrina O, Parker I, et al. The CRAC channel consists of a tetramer formed by Stim-induced dimerization of Orai dimers. Nature. 2008 Nov 6;456(7218):116–20.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Hopkins BR. Fundraising Law Made Easy. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
1.
Latzer Y, Stein D, editors. Bio-Psycho-Social Contributions to Understanding Eating Disorders. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. XXVI, 202 p. 1 illus.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Lomet D. Transactions: From Local Atomicity to Atomicity in the Cloud. In: Jones CB, Lloyd JL, editors. Dependable and Historic Computing: Essays Dedicated to Brian Randell on the Occasion of His 75th Birthday. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 38–52. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Medical Bulletin.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Researchers Observe Social Spread Of New Behaviors In Chimps [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/researchers-observe-social-spread-new-behaviors-chimps/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Maritime Critical Infrastructure Protection: DHS Needs to Better Address Port Cybersecurity. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014 Jun. Report No.: GAO-14-459.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Sutherland KA. The impact of early childhood programs on student achievement [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Gelles D, de la MERCED MJ. Staples to Sell for $6.9 Billion, and Its New Owner Has an Uphill Battle. New York Times. 2017 Jun 28;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Medical Bulletin
AbbreviationBr. Med. Bull.
ISSN (print)0007-1420
ISSN (online)1471-8391
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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