How to format your references using the Journal of Robotic Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Robotic Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Kanwisher N (2006) Neuroscience. What’s in a face? Science 311:617–618
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Tao YJ, Zheng W (2012) Biochemistry. Visualizing the influenza genome. Science 338:1545–1546
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Davis SJ, Caldeira K, Matthews HD (2010) Future CO2 emissions and climate change from existing energy infrastructure. Science 329:1330–1333
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Pei Y, Wei M-Y, Cheng B, et al (2014) High resolution imaging beyond the acoustic diffraction limit in deep tissue via ultrasound-switchable NIR fluorescence. Sci Rep 4:4690

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
He Z (2016) Wavelet Analysis and Transient Signal Processing Applications for Power Systems. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore
An edited book
1.
Mertins K, Jardim-Gonçalves R, Popplewell K, Mendonça JP (2016) Enterprise Interoperability VII: Enterprise Interoperability in the Digitized and Networked Factory of the Future. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Balsa-Canto E, Banga JR (2010) Computational Procedures for Model Identification. In: Choi S (ed) Systems Biology for Signaling Networks. Springer, New York, NY, pp 111–137

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Robotic Surgery.

Blog post
1.
O`Callaghan J (2017) What Would Happen If The International Space Station Was Hit By A Meteoroid? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1976) NSA Methods of Acquiring Automatic Data Processing Equipment. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Watson KF (2014) Persons and how we trace them: What Johnston got wrong. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Detrick B (2017) The Lot Radio. New York Times D6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Robotic Surgery
AbbreviationJ. Robot. Surg.
ISSN (print)1863-2483
ISSN (online)1863-2491
ScopeHealth Informatics
Surgery

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