How to format your references using the Journal of Robotic Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Robotic Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Zakamska NL (2010) H(2) emission arises outside photodissociation regions in ultraluminous infrared galaxies. Nature 465:60–63
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Marek PE, Bond JE (2006) Biodiversity hotspots: rediscovery of the world’s leggiest animal. Nature 441:707
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Ferguson NM, Donnelly CA, Anderson RM (2001) Transmission intensity and impact of control policies on the foot and mouth epidemic in Great Britain. Nature 413:542–548
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Kramer M, Lyne AG, O’Brien JT, et al (2006) A periodically active pulsar giving insight into magnetospheric physics. Science 312:549–551

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bertocchi M, Schwartz SL, Ziemba WT (2010) Optimizing the Aging, Retirement, and Pensions Dilemma. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
d’Avila Garcez AS (2009) Neural-Symbolic Cognitive Reasoning. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Bah CSF, Fang EF, Ng TB (2013) Medicinal Applications of Plant Lectins. In: Fang EF, Ng TB (eds) Antitumor Potential and other Emerging Medicinal Properties of Natural Compounds. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 55–74

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Robotic Surgery.

Blog post
1.
Evans K (2017) Solar Employs More People Than Oil, Coal, And Gas Combined In The US. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1973) Alleged Violations of the Kentucky State Plan for Vocational Education and Federal Regulations on Vocational Education by the Kentucky Department of Education. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Gurska DP (2017) Peering Down the Bottomless Well: Myth in Thomas Mann’s Joseph Tetralogy. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1.
(nyt) SK (2005) World Briefing | Europe: Ukraine: Former Aide Cites Corruption. New York Times A11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Robotic Surgery
AbbreviationJ. Robot. Surg.
ISSN (print)1863-2483
ISSN (online)1863-2491
ScopeHealth Informatics
Surgery

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