How to format your references using the Frontiers in Plant Biophysics and Modeling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Plant Biophysics and Modeling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carmody, J. (2000). What if...? Nature 406, 349.
A journal article with 2 authors
Volz, J., and Rauschenbeutel, A. (2012). Physics. Two atoms announce their long-distance relationship. Science 337, 40–41.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nazir, S., Amin, B., and Schwingenschlögl, U. (2013). Suppression of the two-dimensional electron gas in LaGaO3/SrTiO3 by cation intermixing. Sci. Rep. 3, 3409.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Helder, E. A., Vink, J., Bassa, C. G., Bamba, A., Bleeker, J. A. M., Funk, S., et al. (2009). Measuring the cosmic-ray acceleration efficiency of a supernova remnant. Science 325, 719–722.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Juhnke, G. A., Granello, D. H., and Granello, P. F. (2010). Suicide, Self-Injury, and Violence in the Schools. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Grijs, R. D., and González Delgado, R. M. eds. (2005). Starbursts: From 30 Doradus to Lyman Break Galaxies. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Danelli, F. (2015). “Implementing Game Design in Gamification,” in Gamification in Education and Business, eds. T. Reiners and L. C. Wood (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 67–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Plant Biophysics and Modeling.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Branched Chain Amino Acids Levels Spike Years Before Pancreatic Cancer Diagnosis. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010). Postsecondary Education: Many States Collect Graduates’ Employment Information, but Clearer Guidance on Student Privacy Requirements Is Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vickovic, S. G. (2010). Medical marijuana and the media.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2016). Everyday Minutia, and Where It Leads. New York Times, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Carmody, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Carmody, 2000; Volz and Rauschenbeutel, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Volz and Rauschenbeutel, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Helder et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Plant Biophysics and Modeling
AbbreviationFront. Plant Sci.
ISSN (online)1664-462X
ScopePlant Science

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