How to format your references using the Frontiers in Plant Biophysics and Modeling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Plant Biophysics and Modeling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dolgin, E. (2015). Textiles: Fabrics of life. Nature 519, S10-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bramwell, S. T., and Gingras, M. J. (2001). Spin ice state in frustrated magnetic pyrochlore materials. Science 294, 1495–1501.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chandra, P., Coleman, P., and Flint, R. (2013). Hastatic order in the heavy-fermion compound URu2Si2. Nature 493, 621–626.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zubieta, J.-K., Heitzeg, M. M., Smith, Y. R., Bueller, J. A., Xu, K., Xu, Y., et al. (2003). COMT val158met genotype affects mu-opioid neurotransmitter responses to a pain stressor. Science 299, 1240–1243.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rowe, W. B. (2010). Modern Grinding Techniques. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Barga, R. (2015). Predictive Analytics with Microsoft Azure Machine Learning. Second Edition. , eds. V. Fontama and W. H. Tok Berkeley, CA: Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Ottoy, G., Lapon, J., Naessens, V., Preneel, B., and De Strycker, L. (2013). “Dedicated Hardware for Attribute-Based Credential Verification,” in Communications and Multimedia Security: 14th IFIP TC 6/TC 11 International Conference, CMS 2013, Magdeburg, Germany, September 25-26, 2013. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. B. D. Decker, J. Dittmann, C. Kraetzer, and C. Vielhauer (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 50–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Plant Biophysics and Modeling.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2016). NASA’s $1 Billion Jupiter Probe Has Suffered 2 Big Problems In 2 Days. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994). Aviation Security: Development of New Security Technology Has Not Met Expectations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martinez, V. (2010). The relationship between visit to a doctor and the health behaviors of children.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mueller, B. (2015). Bible Study Group Devolved Into a Lethal Sect. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (DePinho, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Collins, 2012; Watanabe, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bramwell and Gingras, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Wu et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Plant Biophysics and Modeling
AbbreviationFront. Plant Sci.
ISSN (online)1664-462X
ScopePlant Science

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