How to format your references using the Frontiers in Plant Biophysics and Modeling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Plant Biophysics and Modeling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pyne, S. J. (2001). Essays on science and society. The fires this time, and next. Science 294, 1005–1006.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pardo, M., and Nurse, P. (2003). Equatorial retention of the contractile actin ring by microtubules during cytokinesis. Science 300, 1569–1574.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yazdanbakhsh, M., Kremsner, P. G., and van Ree, R. (2002). Allergy, parasites, and the hygiene hypothesis. Science 296, 490–494.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Jiang, L., Zhao, Z., Menke, D. M., and Rizzo, K. A. (2014). Correlation of BAG-3 and heat shock protein 70 with CD30 expression in T-cell lymphomas. Sci. Rep. 4, 3952.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rohde, U. L., Jain, G. C., Poddar, A. K., and Ghosh, A. K. (2011). Introduction to Integral Calculus. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Timmel, C. R., and Harmer, J. R. eds. (2013). Structural Information from Spin-Labels and Intrinsic Paramagnetic Centres in the Biosciences. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kapsch, M.-L., Eicken, H., and Robards, M. (2010). “Sea Ice Distribution and Ice Use by Indigenous Walrus Hunters on St. Lawrence Island, Alaska,” in SIKU: Knowing Our Ice: Documenting Inuit Sea Ice Knowledge and Use, eds. I. Krupnik, C. Aporta, S. Gearheard, G. J. Laidler, and L. Kielsen Holm (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 115–144.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Plant Biophysics and Modeling.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Researchers Discover Unique Aging “Signature” In Brains Of Mice And Humans. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2002). Commercial Aviation: Air Service Trends At Small Communities Since October 2000. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Heitz, S. L. (2017). A Mindfulness Approach to Help Teachers And Staff Provide Support to High School Students: A Self-Instructional Curriculum.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich, J. R. (2016). A Firm Grip Brandished During a Low-Key Debut. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pyne, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Pyne, 2001; Pardo and Nurse, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pardo and Nurse, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Jiang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Plant Biophysics and Modeling
AbbreviationFront. Plant Sci.
ISSN (online)1664-462X
ScopePlant Science

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