How to format your references using the Frontiers in Plant Biophysics and Modeling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Plant Biophysics and Modeling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mészáros, P. (2001). Gamma-Ray bursts: accumulating afterglow implications, progenitor clues, and prospects. Science 291, 79–84.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shorter, J., and Lindquist, S. (2004). Hsp104 catalyzes formation and elimination of self-replicating Sup35 prion conformers. Science 304, 1793–1797.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hristov, T. S., Miller, S. D., and Friehe, C. A. (2003). Dynamical coupling of wind and ocean waves through wave-induced air flow. Nature 422, 55–58.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Koss, M. J., Blecha, L., Bernhard, P., Hung, C.-L., Lu, J. R., Trakthenbrot, B., et al. (2018). A population of luminous accreting black holes with hidden mergers. Nature 563, 214–216.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shreves, R., and Dunwoodie, B. (2011). Drupal® 7 Bible. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Martin, R., Sabin, M., and Winkler, J. eds. (2007). Mathematics of Surfaces XII: 12th IMA International Conference, Sheffield, UK, September 4-6, 2007. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Devece, C., Peris-Ortiz, M., Merigó, J. M., and Fuster, V. (2015). “Linking the Development of Teamwork and Communication Skills in Higher Education,” in Sustainable Learning in Higher Education: Developing Competencies for the Global Marketplace Innovation, Technology, and Knowledge Management., eds. M. Peris-Ortiz and J. M. Merigó Lindahl (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 63–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Plant Biophysics and Modeling.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015). Diabetes Cases In The U.K. Up 60% In The Last Decade. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000). Joint Strike Fighter Acquisition: Development Schedule Should Be Changed to Reduce Risks. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Atchley, D. (2009). Interventions, perceptions of accommodations, and motivating factors impacting the achievement and successful mainstreaming transition of English language learners.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Khodarkovsky, M. (2017). Russia’s age-old identity question. New York Times, 0.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mészáros, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Mészáros, 2001; Shorter and Lindquist, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shorter and Lindquist, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Koss et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Plant Biophysics and Modeling
AbbreviationFront. Plant Sci.
ISSN (online)1664-462X
ScopePlant Science

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