How to format your references using the Supportive Care in Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Supportive Care in Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sohi SP (2012) Agriculture. Carbon storage with benefits. Science 338:1034–1035
A journal article with 2 authors
Gupta M, Zare RN (2000) Spinning molecules to bits. Nature 407:33–34
A journal article with 3 authors
Giannini A, Saravanan R, Chang P (2003) Oceanic forcing of Sahel rainfall on interannual to interdecadal time scales. Science 302:1027–1030
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Norell M, Ji Q, Gao K, et al (2002) Palaeontology: “modern” feathers on a non-avian dinosaur. Nature 416:36–37

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tagare DM (2011) Electric Power Generation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Wu W, Yu H-S (2006) Modern Trends in Geomechanics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Vlachopoulos C (2015) Erectile Dysfunction and Testosterone. In: Viigimaa M, Vlachopoulos C, Doumas M (eds) Erectile Dysfunction in Hypertension and Cardiovascular Disease: A Guide for Clinicians. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 29–37

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Supportive Care in Cancer.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Hybrid Material May Help Crush Solar Cell Efficiency Record. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009) Financial Management Systems: OMB’s Financial Management Line of Business Initiative Continues but Future Success Remains Uncertain. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eutz RJ (2014) The experiences of Recovery High School students: Using empirical phenomenology to garner knowledge. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Widdicombe B (2017) Humming Along With the Dead. New York Times ST1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSupportive Care in Cancer
AbbreviationSupport. Care Cancer
ISSN (print)0941-4355
ISSN (online)1433-7339

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