How to format your references using the Supportive Care in Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Supportive Care in Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ploegh HL (2007) A lipid-based model for the creation of an escape hatch from the endoplasmic reticulum. Nature 448:435–438
A journal article with 2 authors
Peck JR, Waxman D (2000) Mutation and sex in a competitive world. Nature 406:399–404
A journal article with 3 authors
Greene CH, Monger BC, McGarry LP (2009) Ecology. Some like it cold. Science 324:733–734
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhang Y-Y, Fu Z-Y, Wei J, et al (2018) A LIMA1 variant promotes low plasma LDL cholesterol and decreases intestinal cholesterol absorption. Science 360:1087–1092

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Worth SM (2010) The Association Guide to Going Global. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Stella VJ, Borchardt RT, Hageman MJ, et al (2007) Prodrugs: Challenges and Rewards Part 1. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Schwartz PH (2007) Decision and Discovery in Defining ‘Disease.’ In: Kincaid H, McKitrick J (eds) Establishing Medical Reality: Essays In The Metaphysics And Epistemology Of Biomedical Science. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 47–63

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Supportive Care in Cancer.

Blog post
Andrew D (2017) A Giant Lava Lamp Inside The Earth Might Be Flipping The Planet’s Magnetic Field. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) Automated Systems: Treasury’s Efforts to Improve Its Payroll and Personnel Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Starr MJ (2015) Tests for Positive Selection on Genes Encoding Heat Shock Proteins in the Marine Slipper Snail, Crepidula fornicata. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter J (2017) An Olio of E.U. Rules, Leading to Food Fights. New York Times B2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSupportive Care in Cancer
AbbreviationSupport. Care Cancer
ISSN (print)0941-4355
ISSN (online)1433-7339

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