How to format your references using the Supportive Care in Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Supportive Care in Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
van der Hilst RD (2004) Geophysics. Changing views on Earth’s deep mantle. Science 306:817–818
A journal article with 2 authors
Fan Z-Q, Chen K-Q (2014) Stable two-dimensional conductance switch of polyaniline molecule connecting to graphene nanoribbons. Sci Rep 4:5976
A journal article with 3 authors
Taylor AH, Allen JI, Clark PA (2002) Extraction of a weak climatic signal by an ecosystem. Nature 416:629–632
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Lee HN, Hesse D, Zakharov N, Gösele U (2002) Ferroelectric Bi3.25La0.75Ti3O12 films of uniform a-axis orientation on silicon substrates. Science 296:2006–2009

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cobb K (2008) The Blackwell Guide to Theology and Popular Culture. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Atzeni P, Caplinskas A, Jaakkola H (2008) Advances in Databases and Information Systems: 12th East European Conference, ADBIS 2008, Pori, Finland, September 5-9, 2008. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Hall MJW, Reginatto M (2016) Thermodynamics and Mixtures on Configuration Space. In: Reginatto M (ed) Ensembles on Configuration Space: Classical, Quantum, and Beyond. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 61–81

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Supportive Care in Cancer.

Blog post
Andrews R (2017) The Earth’s Inner Core Is Structured Like A “Deck Of Cards.” In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2002) Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority: Contracting Practices Do Not Always Comply with Airport Lease Requirements. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Frieberg A (2008) The Project of Reconciliation: Journalists and religious activists in Polish -German relations, 1956–1972. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sorkin AR, de la MERCED MJ, Thomas K (2017) As Amazon Looms, CVS Eyes Aetna For Big Buy. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSupportive Care in Cancer
AbbreviationSupport. Care Cancer
ISSN (print)0941-4355
ISSN (online)1433-7339

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