How to format your references using the Catalysis Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Catalysis Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Urban KW (2008) Studying atomic structures by aberration-corrected transmission electron microscopy. Science 321:506–510
A journal article with 2 authors
Bolton CT, Stoll HM (2013) Late Miocene threshold response of marine algae to carbon dioxide limitation. Nature 500:558–562
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim C, Facchetti A, Marks TJ (2007) Polymer gate dielectric surface viscoelasticity modulates pentacene transistor performance. Science 318:76–80
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kryukov GV, Castellano S, Novoselov SV, et al (2003) Characterization of mammalian selenoproteomes. Science 300:1439–1443

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bill Huitt WM (2016) Bioprocessing Piping and Equipment Design. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Chou S-Y, Trappey A, Pokojski J, Smith S (2009) Global Perspective for Competitive Enterprise, Economy and Ecology: Proceedings of the 16th ISPE International Conference on Concurrent Engineering. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Fijak M, Bhushan S, Meinhardt A (2009) The Immune Privilege of the Testis. In: Krause WKH, Naz RK (eds) Immune Infertility: The Impact of Immune Reactions on Human Infertility. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 69–77

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Catalysis Letters.

Blog post
Luntz S (2015) Immunized Devils Set To Be Released. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2002) Answers to Independence Standard Questions (Superseded by GAO-12-331G) GAO-02-870G, July 2002. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Broussard J (2014) An Analysis of Corporal Punishment Practices in the State of Georgia. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander S (2002) Friends and Family Run for 9/11 Victims. New York Times D6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCatalysis Letters
AbbreviationCatal. Letters
ISSN (print)1011-372X
ISSN (online)1572-879X
General Chemistry

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