How to format your references using the Catalysis Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Catalysis Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tromans A (2001) Entomology. The alkaloid defence. Nature 409:28
A journal article with 2 authors
Jain S, Bates FS (2003) On the origins of morphological complexity in block copolymer surfactants. Science 300:460–464
A journal article with 3 authors
Dloniak SM, French JA, Holekamp KE (2006) Rank-related maternal effects of androgens on behaviour in wild spotted hyaenas. Nature 440:1190–1193
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Peng P, Chan SW-L, Shah GA, Jacobsen SE (2006) Plant genetics: increased outcrossing in hothead mutants. Nature 443:E8; discussion E8-9

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety (2010) Guidelines for Acquisition Evaluation and Post Merger Integration. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Donaldson JA (2016) Women’s Voices in the Field of Educational Technology: Our Journeys. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Sperling J (2015) Women, Tourism, and the Visual Narrative of Interwar Tourism in the American Southwest. In: Robinson M, Silverman H (eds) Encounters with Popular Pasts: Cultural Heritage and Popular Culture. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 81–95

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Catalysis Letters.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) Ravens Know When They’ve Been Cheated, And Remember Who Did It For At Least A Month. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Savings Opportunity for the United States Mint’s Promotional Mailings. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rivers M (2012) Bridging the knowledge gap between the Baby Boomers and the multigenerations. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lévy B-H, Soros G (2015) Save the New Ukraine. New York Times A21

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCatalysis Letters
AbbreviationCatal. Letters
ISSN (print)1011-372X
ISSN (online)1572-879X
General Chemistry

Other styles