How to format your references using the Water Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Water Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Augenbraun, E., 2005. Weapon of mass attraction. Nature 433, 357–358.
A journal article with 2 authors
Korf, H.-W., Wicht, H., 2004. The public cadaver. Nature 428, 805.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, B., Xu, S., Wu, L., 2012. Intensified Arabian Sea tropical storms. Nature 489, E1-2; discussion E2-3.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yamamoto, M., Stopa, M., Tokura, Y., Hirayama, Y., Tarucha, S., 2006. Negative Coulomb drag in a one-dimensional wire. Science 313, 204–207.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wen, S., Huang, P., 2011. Principles of Tribology. John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd, Singapore.
An edited book
Hameurlain, A., Küng, J., Wagner, R., Chen, Q. (Eds.), 2016. Transactions on Large-Scale Data- and Knowledge-Centered Systems XXVIII: Special Issue on Database- and Expert-Systems Applications, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Gregersen, T., 2016. The Positive Broadening Power of a Focus on Well-Being in the Language Classroom, in: Gabryś-Barker, D., Gałajda, D. (Eds.), Positive Psychology Perspectives on Foreign Language Learning and Teaching, Second Language Learning and Teaching. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 59–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Water Research.

Blog post
Evans, K., 2017. How Climate May Have Shaped Our Noses [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. Policy Guidance 1963-1986: Interview With Donald J. Horan, Eugene L. Pahl, and Allen R. Voss (No. OP-23-OH). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Berbery, M.L., 2010. Predictors of White adoptive parents’ cultural and racial socialization behaviors with their Asian adopted children (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chira, S., Blaise, L., 2017. France’s First Lady, a Confidante and Coach, May Reshape an Evolving Role. New York Times A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Augenbraun, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Augenbraun, 2005; Korf and Wicht, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Korf and Wicht, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Yamamoto et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleWater Research
AbbreviationWater Res.
ISSN (print)0043-1354
ScopeEcological Modelling
Waste Management and Disposal
Water Science and Technology

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