How to format your references using the Formosan Journal of Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Formosan Journal of Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Norman MR. Physics. Chasing arcs in cuprate superconductors. Science. 2009;325(5944):1080-1081.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Pak DTS, Sheng M. Targeted protein degradation and synapse remodeling by an inducible protein kinase. Science. 2003;302(5649):1368-1373.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Kuwamura T, Kadota T, Suzuki S. Testing the low-density hypothesis for reversed sex change in polygynous fish: experiments in Labroides dimidiatus. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4369.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Salahudeen AA, Thompson JW, Ruiz JC, et al. An E3 ligase possessing an iron-responsive hemerythrin domain is a regulator of iron homeostasis. Science. 2009;326(5953):722-726.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Raj PP, Erdine S. Pain-Relieving Procedures. Wiley-Blackwell; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Lu W, Cai G, Liu W, Xing W, eds. Proceedings of the 2012 International Conference on Information Technology and Software Engineering: Software Engineering & Digital Media Technology. Vol 212. Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Hart E, Davoudani D. Dendritic Cell Trafficking: From Immunology to Engineering. In: Andrews PS, Timmis J, Owens NDL, et al., eds. Artificial Immune Systems: 8th International Conference, ICARIS 2009, York, UK, August 9-12, 2009. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer; 2009:11-13.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Formosan Journal of Surgery.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Two Most Destructive Termite Species Could Be Creating “Super” Hybrids. IFLScience. Published March 31, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/two-most-destructive-termite-species-could-be-creating-super-hybrids-florida/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Ways of Increasing Productivity in the Maintenance of Commercial-Type Vehicles. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1975.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Crossman DC. The Impact of Safety Culture on Worker Motivation and the Economic Bottom Line. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Billard M. Scouting Report. New York Times. May 6, 2010:E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleFormosan Journal of Surgery
AbbreviationFormos. J. Surg.
ISSN (print)1682-606X
ScopeSurgery

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