How to format your references using the Formosan Journal of Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Formosan Journal of Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Rowan R. Coral bleaching: thermal adaptation in reef coral symbionts. Nature. 2004;430(7001):742.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Bossuyt F, Milinkovitch MC. Amphibians as indicators of early tertiary “out-of-India” dispersal of vertebrates. Science. 2001;292(5514):93-95.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Xing L, Li X, Snider WD. Neurodevelopment. “RASopathic” astrocytes constrain neural plasticity. Science. 2015;348(6235):636-637.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Leucci E, Patella F, Waage J, et al. microRNA-9 targets the long non-coding RNA MALAT1 for degradation in the nucleus. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2535.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bragg SM. Accounting Best Practices. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Stahl A, ed. Anti-Angiogenic Therapy in Ophthalmology. Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Teng M, Ma D, Du X. Maintaining Ranking Lists in Dynamic Virtual Environments. In: Liu A, Ishikawa Y, Qian T, Nutanong S, Cheema MA, eds. Database Systems for Advanced Applications: DASFAA 2015 International Workshops, SeCoP, BDMS, and Posters, Hanoi, Vietnam, April 20-23, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing; 2015:52-65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Formosan Journal of Surgery.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Lexus Have Seriously Built A Working Hoverboard. IFLScience. Published August 5, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/physics/heres-lexus-hoverboard-finally-action/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Older Adults: Federal Strategy Needed to Help Ensure Efficient and Effective Delivery of Home and Community-Based Services and Supports. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Bleviss C. Constructing competence: Normalization and self-determination for people with developmental disabilities. Published online 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Ember S, Grynbaum MM. How a Retraction Humbled CNN. New York Times. September 5, 2017:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleFormosan Journal of Surgery
AbbreviationFormos. J. Surg.
ISSN (print)1682-606X
ScopeSurgery

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