How to format your references using the Suma de Negocios citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Suma de Negocios. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Güntürkün, O. (2003). Human behaviour: Adult persistence of head-turning asymmetry. Nature, 421(6924), 711.
A journal article with 2 authors
Plous, S., & Herzog, H. (2001). Animal research. Reliability of protocol reviews for animal research. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5530), 608–609.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, Y., Zhang, X., & Cao, D. (2013). The role of shape complementarity in the protein-protein interactions. Scientific Reports, 3, 3271.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Reithmaier, J. P., Sek, G., Löffler, A., Hofmann, C., Kuhn, S., Reitzenstein, S., Keldysh, L. V., Kulakovskii, V. D., Reinecke, T. L., & Forchel, A. (2004). Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system. Nature, 432(7014), 197–200.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bartley, T. (2011). Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Cancer. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Köhn, D. (Ed.). (2014). Finance for Food: Towards New Agricultural and Rural Finance. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ghersetich, I., Brazzini, B., Lotti, T., De Padova, M. P., & Tosti, A. (2006). Pyruvic Acid. In A. Tosti, P. E. Grimes, & M. P. D. Padova (Eds.), Color Atlas of Chemical Peels (pp. 31–39). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Suma de Negocios.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, September 4). Ants Form Daisy-Chain To Haul Away Millipede. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). Student Discipline: Individuals With Disabilities Education Act (GAO-01-210). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Walters, L. A. (2015). A Mixed-Methods Exploration of Employee Attitudes, Awareness, and Satisfaction with Regard to the University Employee Wellness Program [Doctoral dissertation]. Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2003, September 11). World Briefing | Europe: Britain: Russian Tycoon Receives Asylum. New York Times, A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Güntürkün, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Güntürkün, 2003; Plous & Herzog, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Plous & Herzog, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Li et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Reithmaier et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleSuma de Negocios
ISSN (print)2215-910X

Other styles