How to format your references using the Suma de Negocios citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Suma de Negocios. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hill, W. G. (2005). Genetics. A century of corn selection. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5710), 683–684.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hwang, J., & Druffel, E. R. M. (2003). Lipid-like material as the source of the uncharacterized organic carbon in the ocean? Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5608), 881–884.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, Y., Ran, S., & Yang, G. (2014). Single molecular investigation of DNA looping and aggregation by restriction endonuclease BspMI. Scientific Reports, 4, 5897.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Trampert, J., Deschamps, F., Resovsky, J., & Yuen, D. (2004). Probabilistic tomography maps chemical heterogeneities throughout the lower mantle. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5697), 853–856.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Venkataraman, K. (2015). Design of Jigs, Fixtures and Press Tools. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Bao, F., Samarati, P., & Zhou, J. (Eds.). (2012). Applied Cryptography and Network Security: 10th International Conference, ACNS 2012, Singapore, June 26-29, 2012. Proceedings (Vol. 7341). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Menon, P. G., Adhyapak, S. M., & Parachuri, V. R. (2014). Analysis of Cardiac MRI Based Regional Timing of Left Ventricular Mechanical Contraction as a Biomarker for Electrical Dyssynchrony in Heart-Failure Patients. In Y. J. Zhang & J. M. R. S. Tavares (Eds.), Computational Modeling of Objects Presented in Images. Fundamentals, Methods, and Applications: 4th International Conference, CompIMAGE 2014, Pittsburgh, PA, USA, September 3-5, 2014 (pp. 48–56). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Suma de Negocios.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, August 30). How Three-Day Weekends Can Help Save The World (And Us Too). IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Attack Warning: Status of the Survivable Communications Integration System (IMTEC-92-61BR). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Michaels, J. L. (2009). Changing cooperation to competition disrupts attitudes and valence: First test of a dynamical model [Doctoral dissertation]. Florida Atlantic University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gelles, D., & Thomas, K. (2017, August 14). Under Armour and Intel C.E.O.s Follow Merck Chief, Quitting Panel in Rebuke to Trump. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hill, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Hill, 2005; Hwang & Druffel, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hwang & Druffel, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Wang et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Trampert et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleSuma de Negocios
ISSN (print)2215-910X

Other styles