How to format your references using the Suma de Negocios citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Suma de Negocios. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Robinson, K. (2006). Personal finance. Making the most of a good thing. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5792), 1456–1457.
A journal article with 2 authors
Higgins, M. J., & Graham, S. J. H. (2009). Intellectual property. Balancing innovation and access: patent challenges tip the scales. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5951), 370–371.
A journal article with 3 authors
McNamara, J. M., Fawcett, T. W., & Houston, A. I. (2013). An adaptive response to uncertainty generates positive and negative contrast effects. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6136), 1084–1086.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chang, L., Azzolin, L., Di Biagio, D., Zanconato, F., Battilana, G., Lucon Xiccato, R., Aragona, M., Giulitti, S., Panciera, T., Gandin, A., Sigismondo, G., Krijgsveld, J., Fassan, M., Brusatin, G., Cordenonsi, M., & Piccolo, S. (2018). The SWI/SNF complex is a mechanoregulated inhibitor of YAP and TAZ. Nature, 563(7730), 265–269.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lader, E. W. (2013). Field Guide to the Arrhythmias. John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Kashyap, A. (2015). Bioinformatics of Non Small Cell Lung Cancer and the Ras Proto-Oncogene (D. Bujamma & N. Babu M, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Jarrah, A. S., & Laubenbacher, R. (2009). On the Algebraic Geometry of Polynomial Dynamical Systems. In M. Putinar & S. Sullivant (Eds.), Emerging Applications of Algebraic Geometry (pp. 109–123). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Suma de Negocios.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, September 16). Faster, Better Hydrogen Production. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2015). James Webb Space Telescope: Project Facing Increased Schedule Risk with Significant Work Remaining (GAO-15-483T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Buckowski, M. (2009). A Wave of Navy Blue Churning [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Klein, J. Z., & Pilon, M. (2013, July 3). Long Goodbye: Contracts That Keep On Giving. New York Times, B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Robinson, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Higgins & Graham, 2009; Robinson, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Higgins & Graham, 2009)
  • Three authors: (McNamara et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Chang et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleSuma de Negocios
ISSN (print)2215-910X

Other styles