How to format your references using the Suma de Negocios citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Suma de Negocios. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Godfray, H. C. J. (2014). Ecology. Society, where none intrudes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6176), 1213–1214.
A journal article with 2 authors
Geisler, J. H., & Theodor, J. M. (2009). Hippopotamus and whale phylogeny. Nature, 458(7236), E1-4; discussion E5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yan, W.-B., Huang, J.-F., & Fan, H. (2013). Tunable single-photon frequency conversion in a Sagnac interferometer. Scientific Reports, 3, 3555.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Miroshnychenko, Y., Alt, W., Dotsenko, I., Förster, L., Khudaverdyan, M., Meschede, D., … Rauschenbeutel, A. (2006). Quantum engineering: an atom-sorting machine. Nature, 442(7099), 151.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Decreusefond, L., & Moyal, P. (2012). Stochastic Modeling and Analysis of Telecom Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Finetti, B. de (Ed.). (2011). Mathematical Optimiation in Economics (Vol. 38). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Abdullah, A., & Hussain, A. (2007). Using Biclustering for Automatic Attribute Selection to Enhance Global Visualization. In P. P. Lévy, B. L. Grand, F. Poulet, M. Soto, L. Darago, L. Toubiana, & J.-F. Vibert (Eds.), Pixelization Paradigm: First Visual Information Expert Workshop, VIEW 2006, Paris, France, April 24-25, 2006, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 35–47). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Suma de Negocios.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, July 16). Chandra X-ray Observatory Turns 15! Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). Aviation Security: FAA Needs Preboard Passenger Screening Performance Standards (No. RCED-87-182). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lu, Y.-C. (2009). From confrontation to accommodation: China’s policy toward the U.S. in the post-Cold War era (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010, January 9). Eight Teams That Will Try Their Best. How Novel. New York Times, p. D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Godfray, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Geisler & Theodor, 2009; Godfray, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Geisler & Theodor, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Yan, Huang, & Fan, 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Miroshnychenko et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleSuma de Negocios
ISSN (print)2215-910X

Other styles