How to format your references using the Suma de Negocios citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Suma de Negocios. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nilsen, T. W. (2014). Molecular biology. Internal mRNA methylation finally finds functions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6176), 1207–1208.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hickman, A. J., & Sanford, M. S. (2012). High-valent organometallic copper and palladium in catalysis. Nature, 484(7393), 177–185.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim, J., Park, S.-M., & Cho, K.-H. (2013). Discovery of a kernel for controlling biomolecular regulatory networks. Scientific Reports, 3, 2223.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Biskup, C., Kusch, J., Schulz, E., Nache, V., Schwede, F., Lehmann, F., … Benndorf, K. (2007). Relating ligand binding to activation gating in CNGA2 channels. Nature, 446(7134), 440–443.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Permyakov, E. A., & Kretsinger, R. H. (2010). Calcium Binding Proteins. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gribble, G. W. (Ed.). (2010). Heterocyclic Scaffolds II: Reactions and Applications of Indoles. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Mao, Y., Wang, Y., Wang, L., & Zhou, Q. (2015). Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell, a Rising Star in Regenerative Medicine. In R. C. Zhao (Ed.), Stem Cells: Basics and Clinical Translation (pp. 85–109). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Suma de Negocios.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017, March 24). NASA Solves The Andromeda X-Ray Mystery.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Use of Surplus Dairy Products in the National School Lunch Program (No. T-RCED-89-49). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Packer-Kinlaw, D. (2012). Anxious journeys: Past, present, and construction of identity in American travel writing (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chira, S. (2017, June 9). Cosby as a Lens on the Gender Beat. New York Times, p. A2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nilsen, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Hickman & Sanford, 2012; Nilsen, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hickman & Sanford, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Kim, Park, & Cho, 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Biskup et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleSuma de Negocios
ISSN (print)2215-910X

Other styles