How to format your references using the Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McMahon RJ (2003) Chemistry. Chemical reactions involving quantum tunneling. Science 299:833–834
A journal article with 2 authors
Meldrum FC, Sear RP (2008) Materials science. Now you see them. Science 322:1802–1803
A journal article with 3 authors
Aviezer H, Trope Y, Todorov A (2012) Body cues, not facial expressions, discriminate between intense positive and negative emotions. Science 338:1225–1229
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Shen W, Flajolet M, Greengard P, Surmeier DJ (2008) Dichotomous dopaminergic control of striatal synaptic plasticity. Science 321:848–851

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moore RG, Garland A (2008) Cognitive Therapy for Chronic and Persistent Depression. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, West Sussex, England
An edited book
Torelli N, Pesarin F, Bar-Hen A (eds) (2013) Advances in Theoretical and Applied Statistics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Freese AR (2005) Transformation Through Self-Study. In: Kosnik C, Beck C, Freese AR, Samaras AP (eds) Making a Difference in Teacher Education Through Self-Study: Studies of Personal, Professional and Program Renewal. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 65–79

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Over 300 Reindeer Struck Dead By Lightning In Norway. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013) Fiscal Year 2013 Agreed-Upon Procedures: Excise Tax Distributions to the Airport and Airway Trust Fund and the Highway Trust Fund. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brookman D (2009) Establishing context for referents in online chatroom conversations. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2007) Justices Decline to Take Up New Eminent Domain Case. New York Times A15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McMahon 2003).
This sentence cites two references (McMahon 2003; Meldrum and Sear 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Meldrum and Sear 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Shen et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
AbbreviationBull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol.
ISSN (print)0007-4861
ISSN (online)1432-0800
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Pollution
General Medicine
Toxicology

Other styles