How to format your references using the Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gottfried K (2000) Inferring the statistical interpretation of quantum mechanics from the classical limit. Nature 405:533–536
A journal article with 2 authors
Wignall AE, Herberstein ME (2013) Male courtship vibrations delay predatory behaviour in female spiders. Sci Rep 3:3557
A journal article with 3 authors
Nader K, Schafe GE, Le Doux JE (2000) Fear memories require protein synthesis in the amygdala for reconsolidation after retrieval. Nature 406:722–726
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Roeffaers MBJ, Sels BF, Uji-I H, et al (2006) Spatially resolved observation of crystal-face-dependent catalysis by single turnover counting. Nature 439:572–575

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Leuf B (2006) The Semantic Web. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Olbers D (2012) Ocean Dynamics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Oesterle EC, Stone JS (2008) Hair Cell Regeneration: Mechanisms Guiding Cellular Proliferation and Differentiation. In: Salvi RJ, Popper AN, Fay RR (eds) Hair Cell Regeneration, Repair, and Protection. Springer, New York, NY, pp 141–197

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology.

Blog post
Davis J (2016) Ancient Egyptian Human Fetus Discovered. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1980) Federal Assistance System Should Be Changed To Permit Greater Involvement by State Legislatures. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Olson BA (2012) Problem Management: A System Engineering Management Framework. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW (2016) As Puerto Rico Defaults, Eyes Turn to Washington. New York Times B3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gottfried 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gottfried 2000; Wignall and Herberstein 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wignall and Herberstein 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Roeffaers et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
AbbreviationBull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol.
ISSN (print)0007-4861
ISSN (online)1432-0800
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Pollution
General Medicine
Toxicology

Other styles