How to format your references using the Meccanica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Meccanica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Simmons D (2000) Madame Bovary, c’est moi. Nature 407:137
A journal article with 2 authors
Guo Y, Wu S (2014) Quantum correlation exists in any non-product state. Sci Rep 4:7179
A journal article with 3 authors
Nguyen TD, Ehrenfreund E, Vardeny ZV (2012) Spin-polarized light-emitting diode based on an organic bipolar spin valve. Science 337:204–209
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Pannetier M, Fermon C, Le Goff G, et al (2004) Femtotesla magnetic field measurement with magnetoresistive sensors. Science 304:1648–1650

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Girmscheid G (2013) Bauprozesse und Bauverfahren des Tunnelbaus. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Tiwari R, Lommerse M, Smith D (2014) M2 Models and Methodologies for Community Engagement. Springer, Singapore
A chapter in an edited book
Dypvik H, Smelror M, Mørk A, et al (2011) Impact Cratering and Post-impact Sedimentation. In: Tsikalas F, Dypvik H, Smelror M (eds) The Mjølnir Impact Event and its Consequences: Geology and Geophysics of a Late Jurassic/Early Cretaceous Marine Impact Event. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 139–174

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Meccanica.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Hubble In Pictures: Astronomers’ Top Picks. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) EOS Data Policy: Questions Remain About U.S. Commercial Access. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Terry EJ (2008) In search of leadership: A look at women presidents in Georgia’s two-year colleges and technical colleges. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chira S (2013) Strange Moors. New York Times BR14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMeccanica
ISSN (print)0025-6455
ISSN (online)1572-9648
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles