How to format your references using the Meccanica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Meccanica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Maleczka RE Jr (2009) Chemistry. Copper puts arenes in a hard position. Science 323:1572–1573
A journal article with 2 authors
Melosh HJ, Collins GS (2005) Planetary science: Meteor Crater formed by low-velocity impact. Nature 434:157
A journal article with 3 authors
Nazir S, Amin B, Schwingenschlögl U (2013) Suppression of the two-dimensional electron gas in LaGaO3/SrTiO3 by cation intermixing. Sci Rep 3:3409
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Lemche E, Giampietro VP, Brammer MJ, et al (2013) Somatization severity associated with postero-medial complex structures. Sci Rep 3:1032

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wystup U (2006) FX Options and Structured Products. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Öchsner A, Silva LFM da, Altenbach H (2010) Materials with Complex Behaviour: Modelling, Simulation, Testing, and Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Jiang W, Zhu J, Xu J, et al (2015) HV: A Feature Based Method for Trajectory Dataset Profiling. In: Wang J, Cellary W, Wang D, et al (eds) Web Information Systems Engineering – WISE 2015: 16th International Conference, Miami, FL, USA, November 1-3, 2015, Proceedings, Part I. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 46–60

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Meccanica.

Blog post
Andrews R (2017) Oh, So This Is Why We “Baby Talk” To Puppies. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) Department of Education: The Eisenhower Math and Science State Grant Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Konggidinata MI (2017) Application and Modifications of Ordered Mesoporous Carbon (OMC) for BTEX Removal: Characterization, Adsorption Mechanisms, and Kinetic Studies. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K (2001) The End of Innocence. New York Times 141

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMeccanica
ISSN (print)0025-6455
ISSN (online)1572-9648
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Condensed Matter Physics

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