How to format your references using the Sugar Tech citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sugar Tech. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Check, Erika. 2004. Retraction signals end of cell-biology debate. Nature 427: 574.
A journal article with 2 authors
Saarela, Jan, and Fjalar Finnäs. 2014. Infant mortality and ethnicity in an indigenous European population: novel evidence from the Finnish population register. Scientific reports 4: 4214.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hulme, Mike, Saffron J. O’Neill, and Suraje Dessai. 2011. Climate change. Is weather event attribution necessary for adaptation funding? Science (New York, N.Y.) 334: 764–765.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Kimel, A. V., A. Kirilyuk, A. Tsvetkov, R. V. Pisarev, and Th Rasing. 2004. Laser-induced ultrafast spin reorientation in the antiferromagnet TmFeO3. Nature 429: 850–853.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bolstad, William M., and James M. Curran. 2016. Introduction to Bayesian Statistics, Third Edition. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ferronsky, V. I. 2010. Dynamics of the Earth: Theory of the Planet’s Motion Based on Dynamic Equilibrium. Edited by S. V. Ferronsky. Revised and updated edition of the book in Russian “Dinamika Zemly: Teoria dvizhenija planety na osnovah dinamicheskogo ravnovesia” by S. I. Ferronsky and S. V. Ferronsky, Nauchniy Mir, 2007. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Gaspar, Zsolt. 2005. Mechanical Models for the Subclasses of Catastrophes. In Phenomenological and Mathematical Modelling of Structural Instabilities, ed. Marcello Pignataro and Victor Gioncu, 277–336. CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences. Vienna: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sugar Tech.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2017. Mount St Helens Is Rumbling Again, So Should We Be Worried? IFLScience. IFLScience. May 19.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2007. Telecommunications: Issues Related to the Structure and Funding of Public Television. GAO-07-150. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
French, Dominique C. 2012. A Case against E-Waste: Where One Country’s Trash is (Not) Another Country’s Treasure: Developing National E-Waste Legislation to Regulate E-Waste Exportation. Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bartlett, Bruce. 2016. Don’t Use My Tax Plan. New York Times, August 12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Check 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Check 2004; Saarela and Finnäs 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Saarela and Finnäs 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Kimel et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleSugar Tech
AbbreviationSugar Tech
ISSN (print)0972-1525
ISSN (online)0974-0740
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science

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