How to format your references using the Sugar Tech citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sugar Tech. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Logothetis, Nikos K. 2008. What we can do and what we cannot do with fMRI. Nature 453: 869–878.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wong, Alex M. H., and George V. Eleftheriades. 2013. An optical super-microscope for far-field, real-time imaging beyond the diffraction limit. Scientific reports 3: 1715.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sugrue, Leo P., Greg S. Corrado, and William T. Newsome. 2004. Matching behavior and the representation of value in the parietal cortex. Science (New York, N.Y.) 304: 1782–1787.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Guo, H. F., J. Tong, F. Hannan, L. Luo, and Y. Zhong. 2000. A neurofibromatosis-1-regulated pathway is required for learning in Drosophila. Nature 403: 895–898.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ccps. 2017. Guidelines for Combustible Dust Hazard Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
García-Moncó, Juan Carlos, ed. 2014. CNS Infections: A Clinical Approach. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Engelson, Leonid, and Per Olov Lindberg. 2006. Congestion Pricing of Road Networks with Users Having Different Time Values. In Mathematical and Computational Models for Congestion Charging, ed. Siriphong Lawphongpanich, Donald W. Hearn, and Michael J. Smith, 81–104. Applied Optimization. Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sugar Tech.

Blog post
Taub, Ben. 2015. Practically Unknown STI Could Have Infected Huge Numbers Of People Without Them Knowing Anything About It. IFLScience. IFLScience. November 13.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: FAA Is Making Progress But Important Challenges Remain. T-AIMD/RCED-99-118. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Payne, Linda Gail. 2015. The experience of caring for women with drug or alcohol problems in the general hospital. Doctoral dissertation, Boca Raton, FL: Florida Atlantic University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, Mary. 2014. An Alternative to New York Hotels, if Not Welcome by All. New York Times, October 22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Logothetis 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Logothetis 2008; Wong and Eleftheriades 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wong and Eleftheriades 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Guo et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleSugar Tech
AbbreviationSugar Tech
ISSN (print)0972-1525
ISSN (online)0974-0740
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science

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