How to format your references using the Sugar Tech citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sugar Tech. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Polishchuk, Leonard V. 2002. Ecology. Conservation priorities for Russian mammals. Science (New York, N.Y.) 297: 1123.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chilingarian, Igor, and Ivan Zolotukhin. 2015. Galaxy evolution. Isolated compact elliptical galaxies: stellar systems that ran away. Science (New York, N.Y.) 348: 418–421.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gregg, Jillian W., Clive G. Jones, and Todd E. Dawson. 2003. Urbanization effects on tree growth in the vicinity of New York City. Nature 424: 183–187.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Bond, G., B. Kromer, J. Beer, R. Muscheler, M. N. Evans, W. Showers, S. Hoffmann, R. Lotti-Bond, I. Hajdas, and G. Bonani. 2001. Persistent solar influence on North Atlantic climate during the Holocene. Science (New York, N.Y.) 294: 2130–2136.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hoffman, Robert V. 2004. Organic Chemistry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bosch, Peter, David Gabelaia, and Jérôme Lang, ed. 2009. Logic, Language, and Computation: 7th International Tbilisi Symposium on Logic, Language, and Computation, TbiLLC 2007, Tbilisi, Georgia, October 1-5, 2007. Revised Selected Papers. Vol. 5422. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Doran, Bruce J., and Melissa B. Burgess. 2012. Investigating Fear of Crime. In Putting Fear of Crime on the Map: Investigating Perceptions of Crime Using Geographic Information Systems, ed. Melissa B. Burgess, 67–94. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sugar Tech.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2015. Dark Matter Might Not Be As Dark As We Thought. IFLScience. IFLScience. April 16.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2008. Surface Transportation: Principles Can Guide Efforts to Restructure and Fund Federal Programs. GAO-08-744T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gomez-Zuebisch, Leopoldo Chopo. 2010. A phenomenological exploration of the learning values derived from instructional short videos among adult learners. Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
George, Jennifer. 2011. My Family’s Flop. New York Times, January 2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Polishchuk 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Polishchuk 2002; Chilingarian and Zolotukhin 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chilingarian and Zolotukhin 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Bond et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleSugar Tech
AbbreviationSugar Tech
ISSN (print)0972-1525
ISSN (online)0974-0740
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science

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