How to format your references using the Sugar Tech citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sugar Tech. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Davis, Mark E. 2002. Ordered porous materials for emerging applications. Nature 417: 813–821.
A journal article with 2 authors
Volz, Jürgen, and Arno Rauschenbeutel. 2012. Physics. Two atoms announce their long-distance relationship. Science (New York, N.Y.) 337: 40–41.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mo, Yifei, Kevin T. Turner, and Izabela Szlufarska. 2009. Friction laws at the nanoscale. Nature 457: 1116–1119.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Leclaire, Sarah, Wouter F. D. van Dongen, Steeve Voccia, Thomas Merkling, Christine Ducamp, Scott A. Hatch, Pierrick Blanchard, Etienne Danchin, and Richard H. Wagner. 2014. Preen secretions encode information on MHC similarity in certain sex-dyads in a monogamous seabird. Scientific reports 4: 6920.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tibergien, Mark, and Rebecca Pomering. 2011. Practice Made (More) Perfect. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Nielsen, Kenneth Bo, and Alf Gunvald Nilsen, ed. 2016. Social Movements and the State in India: Deepening Democracy? Rethinking International Development Series. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Saling, Peter. 2016. Eco-efficiency Assessment. In Special Types of Life Cycle Assessment, ed. Matthias Finkbeiner, 115–178. LCA Compendium – The Complete World of Life Cycle Assessment. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sugar Tech.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. Here’s Why Your Cat Is Such A Picky Eater. IFLScience. IFLScience. June 3.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1993. School Age Demographics: Recent Trends Pose New Educational Challenges. HRD-93-105BR. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stewart, Aaron R. 2009. Entrepreneurial perception: A survey of graduates of a global management MBA program. Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, Linda. 2015. The Supreme Court’s Death Trap. New York Times, April 1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Davis 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Davis 2002; Volz and Rauschenbeutel 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Volz and Rauschenbeutel 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Leclaire et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleSugar Tech
AbbreviationSugar Tech
ISSN (print)0972-1525
ISSN (online)0974-0740
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science

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