How to format your references using the Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Herrling, P. 2007. Patent sense. Nature 449(7159):174–175.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hegde, D. and Mowery, D. C. 2008. Research funding. Politics and funding in the U.S. public biomedical R&D system. Science (New York, N.Y.) 322(5909):1797–1798.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huang, S., Bai, M., and Wang, L. 2013. General and facile surface functionalization of hydrophobic nanocrystals with poly(amino acid) for cell luminescence imaging. Scientific reports 3:2023.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rapp, M., Seppälä, S., Granseth, E., and von Heijne, G. 2007. Emulating membrane protein evolution by rational design. Science (New York, N.Y.) 315(5816):1282–1284.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Micouin, P. 2014. Model-Based Systems Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Dolev, S., Haist, T., and Oltean, M. (eds.). 2008. Optical SuperComputing: First International Workshop, OSC 2008, Vienna, Austria, August 26, 2008. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Szende, A. and Janssen, B. 2014. Cross-Country Analysis of EQ-5D Data. In A. Szende, B. Janssen, and J. Cabases (eds.). Self-Reported Population Health: An International Perspective based on EQ-5D Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht. p. 31–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015, February 19. Massive Clouds Erupted 260km Into Martian Atmosphere – And No One Knows Why. IFLScience. IFLScience [Internet]. Available at Website


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2011. Airline Passenger Protections: More Data and Analysis Needed to Understand Effects of Flight Delays. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bennett, A. L. 2019. An Empirical Longitudinal Analysis of Agile Methodologies and Firm Financial Performance. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. 2011, October 5. Five Years Later, A Different Outcome. New York Times:B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Herrling, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Herrling, 2007; Hegde and Mowery, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hegde and Mowery, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Rapp et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleRenewable Agriculture and Food Systems
AbbreviationRenew. Agric. Food Syst.
ISSN (print)1742-1705
ISSN (online)1742-1713
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Food Science

Other styles