How to format your references using the Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Worm, B. 2015. ECOLOGY. A most unusual (super)predator. Science (New York, N.Y.) 349(6250):784–785.
A journal article with 2 authors
Screen, J. A. and Simmonds, I. 2010. The central role of diminishing sea ice in recent Arctic temperature amplification. Nature 464(7293):1334–1337.
A journal article with 3 authors
Furuya, T., Kamlet, A. S., and Ritter, T. 2011. Catalysis for fluorination and trifluoromethylation. Nature 473(7348):470–477.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bardeesy, N., Sinha, M., Hezel, A. F., Signoretti, S., Hathaway, N. A., Sharpless, N. E., Loda, M., Carrasco, D. R., and DePinho, R. A. 2002. Loss of the Lkb1 tumour suppressor provokes intestinal polyposis but resistance to transformation. Nature 419(6903):162–167.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brown, B. L., Hendrix, S. B., Hedges, D. W., and Smith, T. B. 2011. Multivariate Analysis for the Biobehavioral and Social Sciences. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Niaz, M. 2011. Nature of Science in General Chemistry Textbooks. (A. Maza, Ed.) Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Hemsley-Brown, J. and Oplatka, I. 2016. Organisational Factors Influencing Higher Education Consumer Choice. In I. Oplatka (ed.). Higher Education Consumer Choice Palgrave Macmillan UK, London. p. 94–117.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015, March 20. Who Do You Think You Are? Most Detailed Genetic Map Of The British Isles Reveals All. IFLScience. IFLScience [Internet]. Available at Website


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1995. Weather Forecasting: Radars Far Superior to Predecessors, but Location and Availability Questions Remain. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baker, D. 2016. Does team patient care mean better patient outcomes? Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schuman, M. 2017, August 22. A Heartland’s Flickering Pulse. New York Times:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Worm, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Screen and Simmonds, 2010; Worm, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Screen and Simmonds, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Bardeesy et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleRenewable Agriculture and Food Systems
AbbreviationRenew. Agric. Food Syst.
ISSN (print)1742-1705
ISSN (online)1742-1713
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Food Science

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