How to format your references using the Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott, R. J. 2003. Evolution. Sex, sunflowers, and speciation. Science (New York, N.Y.) 301(5637):1189–1190.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rajagopalan, H. and Lengauer, C. 2004. Aneuploidy and cancer. Nature 432(7015):338–341.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schnupp, J. W., Mrsic-Flogel, T. D., and King, A. J. 2001. Linear processing of spatial cues in primary auditory cortex. Nature 414(6860):200–204.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hou, C., Huang, T., Wang, H., Yu, H., Zhang, Q., and Li, Y. 2013. A strong and stretchable self-healing film with self-activated pressure sensitivity for potential artificial skin applications. Scientific reports 3:3138.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sengupta, D. L. and Liepa, V. V. 2005. Applied Electromagnetics and Electromagnetic Compatibility. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Hirao, T. (ed.). 2015. Functionalized Redox Systems: Synthetic Reactions and Design of π- and Bio-Conjugates. Springer Japan, Tokyo.
A chapter in an edited book
Yeaman, M. R. and Bayer, A. S. 2006. Antimicrobial Peptides Versus Invasive Infections. In W. M. Shafer (ed.). Antimicrobial Peptides and Human Disease Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. p. 111–152.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. 2017, January 5. Snow Features On Pluto Are Similar To Some We Find On Earth. IFLScience. IFLScience [Internet]. Available at Website


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2001. Financial Management: Assessment of the Airline Industry’s Estimated Losses Arising From the Events of September 11. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
San, K. A. 2017. Synthesis of Alkanethiolate-Capped Metal Nanoparticles Using Alkyl Thiosulfate Ligand Precursors for Selective Catalytic Reactions. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. 2009, February 15. Barbecue, Smoked and Sauced. New York Times:NJ9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott, 2003; Rajagopalan and Lengauer, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rajagopalan and Lengauer, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Hou et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleRenewable Agriculture and Food Systems
AbbreviationRenew. Agric. Food Syst.
ISSN (print)1742-1705
ISSN (online)1742-1713
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Food Science

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