How to format your references using the Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Harris, N. 2015. Immunology: Chronic effects of acute infections. Nature 526(7574):509–510.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vaquero, L. M. and Cebrian, M. 2013. The rich club phenomenon in the classroom. Scientific reports 3:1174.
A journal article with 3 authors
Qin, Z., Pugno, N. M., and Buehler, M. J. 2014. Mechanics of fragmentation of crocodile skin and other thin films. Scientific reports 4:4966.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hatzivassiliou, G., Song, K., Yen, I., Brandhuber, B. J., Anderson, D. J., Alvarado, R., Ludlam, M. J. C., Stokoe, D., Gloor, S. L., Vigers, G., Morales, T., Aliagas, I., Liu, B., Sideris, S., Hoeflich, K. P., Jaiswal, B. S., Seshagiri, S., Koeppen, H., Belvin, M., Friedman, L. S., and Malek, S. 2010. RAF inhibitors prime wild-type RAF to activate the MAPK pathway and enhance growth. Nature 464(7287):431–435.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kelly, V. A. 2015. ADDICTION in the Family: What Every Counselor Needs to Know. American Counseling Association, Alexandria, USA.
An edited book
Agresta, F., Campanile, F. C., and Vettoretto, N. (eds.). 2014. Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: An Evidence-Based Guide. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Rivero, A. E. C. 2012. Multiplicative Structure of the Resolvent Matrix for the Truncated Hausdorff Matrix Moment Problem. In D. Alpay and B. Kirstein (eds.). Interpolation, Schur Functions and Moment Problems II Springer, Basel. p. 193–210.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015, October 30. Viruses Don’t Deserve Their Bad Rap: They’re The Unsung Heroes You Never See. IFLScience. IFLScience [Internet]. Available at Website


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2008. Aviation and the Environment: FAA’s and NASA’s Research and Development Plans for Noise Reduction Are Aligned but the Prospects of Achieving Noise Reduction Goals Are Uncertain. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Desgens-Martin, V. 2014. High prevalence of carcinoma in California sea lions Zalophus californianus: Evidence of a xenobiotic-induced carcinogenic cascade? Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. 2007, November 4. Elections Could Shift Power in Nassau. New York Times:14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Harris, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Vaquero and Cebrian, 2013; Harris, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vaquero and Cebrian, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Hatzivassiliou et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleRenewable Agriculture and Food Systems
AbbreviationRenew. Agric. Food Syst.
ISSN (print)1742-1705
ISSN (online)1742-1713
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Food Science

Other styles