How to format your references using the Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jerrett, M. 2015. Atmospheric science: The death toll from air-pollution sources. Nature 525(7569):330–331.
A journal article with 2 authors
Johnston, R. J. and Hobert, O. 2003. A microRNA controlling left/right neuronal asymmetry in Caenorhabditis elegans. Nature 426(6968):845–849.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grieco, F., van Noordwijk, A. J., and Visser, M. E. 2002. Evidence for the effect of learning on timing of reproduction in blue tits. Science (New York, N.Y.) 296(5565):136–138.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lou, Z., Minter-Dykhouse, K., Wu, X., and Chen, J. 2003. MDC1 is coupled to activated CHK2 in mammalian DNA damage response pathways. Nature 421(6926):957–961.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Woods, L. C. 2005. Theory of Tokamak Transport. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Vujičić, M. and Sanderson, J. (eds.). 2008. Linear Algebra Thoroughly Explained. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Böcking, T. and Gooding, J. J. 2007. Biomimetic Membranes in Biosensor Applications. In D. K. Martin (ed.). Nanobiotechnology of Biomimetic Membranes Springer US, Boston, MA. p. 127–166.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. 2017, February 8. Scientists To Trial Personalized Vaccine Against One Type Of Cancer. IFLScience. IFLScience [Internet]. Available at Website


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. Aviation Security: Long-Standing Problems Impair Airport Screeners’ Performance. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lange, A. W. 2006. Calcineurin/NFATc1/DSCR1 Pathway Function in Cardiac Valvuloseptal Development and Down Syndrome-Related Phenotypes. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bowley, G. and Ember, S. 2015, July 9. Cosby Legal and Publicity Teams Opt for Silence After Admission Is Released. New York Times:B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jerrett, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Johnston and Hobert, 2003; Jerrett, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Johnston and Hobert, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Lou et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleRenewable Agriculture and Food Systems
AbbreviationRenew. Agric. Food Syst.
ISSN (print)1742-1705
ISSN (online)1742-1713
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Food Science

Other styles