How to format your references using the Experimental Brain Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental Brain Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wunsch C (2000) Moon, tides and climate. Nature 405:743–744
A journal article with 2 authors
Western D, Behrensmeyer AK (2009) Bone assemblages track animal community structure over 40 years in an African savanna ecosystem. Science 324:1061–1064
A journal article with 3 authors
Lazzerini GM, Strambini LM, Barillaro G (2013) Addressing reliability and degradation of chemitransistor sensors by electrical tuning of the sensitivity. Sci Rep 3:1161
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Gleyzes S, Kuhr S, Guerlin C, et al (2007) Quantum jumps of light recording the birth and death of a photon in a cavity. Nature 446:297–300

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Khanna VK (2005) Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor IGBT Theory and Design. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Kao M-Y, Li X-Y (eds) (2007) Algorithmic Aspects in Information and Management: Third International Conference, AAIM 2007, Portland, OR, USA, June 6-8, 2007. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Harper RHR (2014) The Metaphysics of Communications Overload. In: Murray-Smith R (ed) Mobile Social Signal Processing: First International Workshop, MSSP 2010, Lisbon, Portugal, September 7, 2010, Invited Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 42–50

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental Brain Research.

Blog post
Andrew E (2016) Can Paedophilia Really Be Cured With Drugs? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) FCC: Installment Payment Financing for Personal Communications Services Licensees. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boudreau PD (2015) Orthogonality in Natural Products Workflows. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bordewich FM (2017) Debate Prep. New York Times BR21

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wunsch 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Wunsch 2000; Western and Behrensmeyer 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Western and Behrensmeyer 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Gleyzes et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental Brain Research
AbbreviationExp. Brain Res.
ISSN (print)0014-4819
ISSN (online)1432-1106
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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