How to format your references using the Experimental Brain Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental Brain Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Varmus H (2006) The new era in cancer research. Science 312:1162–1165
A journal article with 2 authors
Thompson RN, Gibson SA (2000) Transient high temperatures in mantle plume heads inferred from magnesian olivines in Phanerozoic picrites. Nature 407:502–506
A journal article with 3 authors
Bliokh KY, Smirnova D, Nori F (2015) OPTICS. Quantum spin Hall effect of light. Science 348:1448–1451
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Veiga-Fernandes H, Coles MC, Foster KE, et al (2007) Tyrosine kinase receptor RET is a key regulator of Peyer’s patch organogenesis. Nature 446:547–551

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Diamond N (2013) Between Skins. John Wiley & Sons, Oxford
An edited book
Wild A (ed) (2012) CAS and Football: Landmark Cases. T. M. C. Asser Press, The Hague, The Netherlands
A chapter in an edited book
Sanfelice Bazanella A, Campestrini L, Eckhard D (2012) Convergence to the Globally Optimal Controller. In: Campestrini L, Eckhard D (eds) Data-Driven Controller Design: The H2 Approach. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 89–117

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental Brain Research.

Blog post
Davis J (2015) Tracking Tiger Sharks Reveals Bird-Like Migration. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) National Airspace System: Problems Plaguing the Wide Area Augmentation System and FAA’s Actions to Address Them. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
LaPorte M (2017) Depression and Rumination as a Predictor for Types of Substances Abused. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2006) Case of the Dwindling Docket Mystifies the Supreme Court. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Varmus 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Thompson and Gibson 2000; Varmus 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thompson and Gibson 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Veiga-Fernandes et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental Brain Research
AbbreviationExp. Brain Res.
ISSN (print)0014-4819
ISSN (online)1432-1106
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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