How to format your references using the Experimental Brain Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental Brain Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Savage N (2015) Metastasis: Resistance fighters. Nature 528:S128-9
A journal article with 2 authors
Mittermaier A, Kay LE (2006) New tools provide new insights in NMR studies of protein dynamics. Science 312:224–228
A journal article with 3 authors
Hu H, Gan J, Jonas P (2014) Interneurons. Fast-spiking, parvalbumin+ GABAergic interneurons: from cellular design to microcircuit function. Science 345:1255263
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Que X, Hung M-Y, Yeang C, et al (2018) Oxidized phospholipids are proinflammatory and proatherogenic in hypercholesterolaemic mice. Nature 558:301–306

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Šolín P (2005) Partial Differential Equations and the Finite Element Method. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Jin C, Cusatis G (eds) (2016) New Frontiers in Oil and Gas Exploration. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Gobbetti M, Di Cagno R (2013) The New Perspective. In: Di Cagno R (ed) Bacterial Communication in Foods. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 71–75

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental Brain Research.

Blog post
Davis J (2015) The Loss Of Large Herbivores Can Alter Ecosystems For Thousands Of Years. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/loss-large-herbivores-can-alter-ecosystems-thousands-years/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009) Higher Education: Approaches to Attract and Fund International Students in the United States and Abroad. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hudson WC (2008) Spreading the dao, managing mastership, and performing salvation: The life and alchemical teachings of Chen Zhixu. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY JC Jr (2017) Charges In Threats To Lawyers Suing Fox. New York Times B2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Savage 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Mittermaier and Kay 2006; Savage 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mittermaier and Kay 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Que et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental Brain Research
AbbreviationExp. Brain Res.
ISSN (print)0014-4819
ISSN (online)1432-1106
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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