How to format your references using the Experimental Brain Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental Brain Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jacobson MZ (2001) Strong radiative heating due to the mixing state of black carbon in atmospheric aerosols. Nature 409:695–697
A journal article with 2 authors
Perlman PS, Boeke JD (2004) Molecular biology. Ring around the retroelement. Science 303:182–184
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee H, Zones SI, Davis ME (2003) A combustion-free methodology for synthesizing zeolites and zeolite-like materials. Nature 425:385–388
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Rein M, Favrod VD, Hou C, et al (2018) Diode fibres for fabric-based optical communications. Nature 560:214–218

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Larrieu N, Varet A (2014) Rapid Prototyping of Software for Avionics Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Bori~i A, Frommer A, Joó B, et al (eds) (2005) QCD and Numerical Analysis III: Proceedings of the Third International Workshop on Numerical Analysis and Lattice QCD, Edinburgh June-July 2003. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Vullo V, Vivio F (2013) Hyperbolic Disks. In: Vivio F (ed) Rotors: Stress Analysis and Design. Springer, Milano, pp 71–87

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental Brain Research.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Milky Way galaxy likely formed inside out. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) Energy Research: Opportunities Exist to Recover Federal Investment in Technology Development Projects. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cordova M (2009) The impact of a teacher training program on student engagement. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman MM (2013) Michigan: Another Hearing On the Detroit Bankruptcy. New York Times A14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jacobson 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Jacobson 2001; Perlman and Boeke 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Perlman and Boeke 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Rein et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental Brain Research
AbbreviationExp. Brain Res.
ISSN (print)0014-4819
ISSN (online)1432-1106
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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