How to format your references using the Experimental Brain Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental Brain Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
James B (2015) Astrophysics: Primordial stars brought to light. Nature 526:46–47
A journal article with 2 authors
Türkmen YE, Aggarwal VK (2014) A simpler route for making nitrogen-alkene rings. [corrected]. Science 343:33–34
A journal article with 3 authors
Wolf SM, Annas GJ, Elias S (2013) Point-counterpoint. Patient autonomy and incidental findings in clinical genomics. Science 340:1049–1050
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Rands SA, Cowlishaw G, Pettifor RA, et al (2003) Spontaneous emergence of leaders and followers in foraging pairs. Nature 423:432–434

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tan Y (2016) Artificial Immune System Applications in Computersecurity. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Wilson VG (ed) (2009) SUMO Regulation of Cellular Processes. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Fournais S, Helffer B (2009) Constant Field Models in Dimension 2: Discs and Their Complements. In: Helffer B (ed) Spectral Methods in Surface Superconductivity. Birkhäuser, Boston, MA, pp 51–65

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental Brain Research.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Lunar Samples Support Giant Impact Theory. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Federal Communications Commission: Competitive Bidding Procedures. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tan-atichat TP (2008) Behavior of VNC in high-latency environments and techniques for improvement. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mann J (2016) America’s dangerous ‘China fantasy.’ New York Times A14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (James 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Türkmen and Aggarwal 2014; James 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Türkmen and Aggarwal 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Rands et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental Brain Research
AbbreviationExp. Brain Res.
ISSN (print)0014-4819
ISSN (online)1432-1106
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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