How to format your references using the IZA Journal of European Labor Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IZA Journal of European Labor Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brown GE Jr (2001) Surface science. How minerals react with water. Science 294:67–69
A journal article with 2 authors
Stoneburner RL, Low-Beer D (2004) Population-level HIV declines and behavioral risk avoidance in Uganda. Science 304:714–718
A journal article with 3 authors
Moreno M, Rosenau M, Oncken O (2010) 2010 Maule earthquake slip correlates with pre-seismic locking of Andean subduction zone. Nature 467:198–202
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Rumyantsev V, Fedorov S, Gumennyk K, et al (2014) Exciton-like electromagnetic excitations in non-ideal microcavity supercrystals. Sci Rep 4:6945

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Phelan J (2013) Reading the American Novel 1920-2010. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Lavini C (2006) Chirurgia Toracica Videoassistita. Springer, Milano
A chapter in an edited book
Korelc J, Wriggers P (2016) Materials. In: Wriggers P (ed) Automation of Finite Element Methods. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 137–179

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IZA Journal of European Labor Studies.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) NASA’s Dawn Spacecraft Becomes First To Orbit A Dwarf Planet. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006) Lessons Learned for Protecting and Educating Children after the Gulf Coast Hurricanes. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chahine J (2013) Social workers’ perceptions of individuals who use drugs and alcohol problematically. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marx L (2016) Two Men Gone Country and Their Dreamgirls. New York Times ST11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brown 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Brown 2001; Stoneburner and Low-Beer 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stoneburner and Low-Beer 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Rumyantsev et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleIZA Journal of European Labor Studies
ISSN (online)2193-9012

Other styles