How to format your references using the IZA Journal of European Labor Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IZA Journal of European Labor Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P (2005) Closing the gap. Nature 433:335
A journal article with 2 authors
Jakosky BM, Phillips RJ (2001) Mars’ volatile and climate history. Nature 412:237–244
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen Y, Peng R, You Z (2015) APPLIED ORIGAMI. Origami of thick panels. Science 349:396–400
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wu C, Wang Z, Williams PT, Huang J (2013) Renewable hydrogen and carbon nanotubes from biodiesel waste glycerol. Sci Rep 3:2742

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Krings A, Braham RR (2008) Guide to Tendrillate Climbers of Costa Rican Mountains. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Curzio AQ, Fortis M (eds) (2008) The EU and the Economies of the Eastern European Enlargement. Physica-Verlag HD, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Ignatiev AA, Lyashenko AV (2010) Generalization Control Characteristics in Generative Structures. In: Lyashenko AV (ed) Heteromagnetic Microelectronics: Microsystems of Active Type. Springer, New York, NY, pp 149–172

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IZA Journal of European Labor Studies.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Is Iron Rain The Reason Why Earth And The Moon Are So Different? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Intercollegiate Athletics: Trends by Sport in National Collegiate Athletic Association Sports, an E-supplement to GAO-07-535. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Freund SH (2013) The Relationship of Academic Courses to Skills Required Of Automobile Repair Technicians. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K (2006) Endless Options in a Wrap. New York Times NJ6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Jakosky and Phillips 2001; Smaglik 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jakosky and Phillips 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Wu et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleIZA Journal of European Labor Studies
ISSN (online)2193-9012

Other styles