How to format your references using the IZA Journal of European Labor Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IZA Journal of European Labor Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bentley CR (2000) Antarctica. Stirring the icy waters. Nature 403:610–611
A journal article with 2 authors
Niessing J, Friedrich RW (2010) Olfactory pattern classification by discrete neuronal network states. Nature 465:47–52
A journal article with 3 authors
Reichardt BW, Unger F, Vazirani U (2013) Classical command of quantum systems. Nature 496:456–460
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Lartigue C, Glass JI, Alperovich N, et al (2007) Genome transplantation in bacteria: changing one species to another. Science 317:632–638

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reiman J (2012) As Free and as Just as Possible. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Veves A, Giurini JM, LoGerfo FW (eds) (2012) The Diabetic Foot: Medical and Surgical Management, 3rd ed. 2012. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ
A chapter in an edited book
Rosenberger AL, Tejedor MF, Cooke SB, Pekar S (2009) Platyrrhine Ecophylogenetics in Space and Time. In: Garber PA, Estrada A, Bicca-Marques JC, et al. (eds) South American Primates: Comparative Perspectives in the Study of Behavior, Ecology, and Conservation. Springer, New York, NY, pp 69–113

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IZA Journal of European Labor Studies.

Blog post
Andrew E (2013) Crocodilians Use Tools To Lure in Prey. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) FAA Reauthorization: Opportunity Exists to Address Safety, Capacity, and Efficiency Issues. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Singh KK (2015) An 8-PSK receiver using LNA & SRO: Design and mathematical analysis. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Davey M (2013) Michigan Naming Fiscal Manager To Help Detroit. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bentley 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Bentley 2000; Niessing and Friedrich 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Niessing and Friedrich 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Lartigue et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleIZA Journal of European Labor Studies
ISSN (online)2193-9012

Other styles