How to format your references using the Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Leder P. Retrospective. Marshall Warren Nirenberg (1927-2010). Science. 2010;327:972.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Rainey PB, Rainey K. Evolution of cooperation and conflict in experimental bacterial populations. Nature. 2003;425:72–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Labeit A, Peinemann F, Kedir A. Cervical cancer screening service utilisation in UK. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2362.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Tchao J, Han L, Lin B, Yang L, Tobita K. Combined biophysical and soluble factor modulation induces cardiomyocyte differentiation from human muscle derived stem cells. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6614.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Kampen TU. Low Molecular Weight Organic Semiconductors. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2010.
An edited book
1. Ottaviano L, Morandi V, editors. GraphITA 2011: Selected papers from the Workshop on Fundamentals and Applications of Graphene. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Dehmel S, Koehler SD, Shore SE. Dorsal Cochlear Nucleus: Somatosensory–Auditory Interactions in Tinnitus. In: Eggermont JJ, Zeng F-G, Popper AN, Fay RR, editors. Tinnitus. New York, NY: Springer; 2012. p. 97–119.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Meet Gnathostoma: The Worm Who Infects Swamp Eels… And Humans [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/meet-gnathostoma-worm-who-infects-swamp-eels…-and-humans/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Forest Service Research and Development: Improvements in Delivery of Research Results Can Help Ensure That Benefits of Research Are Realized. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010 Oct. Report No.: GAO-11-12.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. LaPoint JL. The effects of aviation -based error management training on perioperative safety attitudes [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wagner J. Mets’ Big Five Are Starting Healthy. New York Times. 2017 Feb 14;B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSubstance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
AbbreviationSubst. Abuse Treat. Prev. Policy
ISSN (online)1747-597X
ScopeHealth Policy
Psychiatry and Mental health

Other styles