How to format your references using the Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Pizzorusso T. Neuroscience. Erasing fear memories. Science. 2009;325:1214–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Hopkinson CS Jr, Vallino JJ. Efficient export of carbon to the deep ocean through dissolved organic matter. Nature. 2005;433:142–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Insel TR, Landis SC, Collins FS. Research priorities. The NIH BRAIN Initiative. Science. 2013;340:687–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Kromer B, Manning SW, Kuniholm PI, Newton MW, Spurk M, Levin I. Regional 14CO2 offsets in the troposphere: magnitude, mechanisms, and consequences. Science. 2001;294:2529–32.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Gianni R. Responsibility and Freedom. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1. Kalia VC, editor. Microbial Factories: Biofuels, Waste treatment: Volume 1. 1st ed. 2015. New Delhi: Springer India; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Thumati BT, Sarangapani J. Estimation and Control of Nonlinear Discrete-time Systems. In: Yu W, editor. Recent Advances in Intelligent Control Systems. London: Springer; 2009. p. 89–124.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. You Can Sell Your Poop For $13k Per Year And Help Science [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/sell-your-poop-13k-year-and-help-worthy-cause/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. NASA: Briefing on National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Programs and Associated Activities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009 Oct. Report No.: GAO-10-87R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Jin H. Periodic Motions and Bifurcation Tree in a Periodically Excited Duffing Oscillator with Time-delay [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Bernstein J, Spielberg B. Medicaid Work Rules Won’t Work. New York Times. 2017 Mar 23;A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSubstance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
AbbreviationSubst. Abuse Treat. Prev. Policy
ISSN (online)1747-597X
ScopeHealth Policy
Psychiatry and Mental health

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