How to format your references using the Biological Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biological Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Morduch J (2011): Economics. Why finance matters. Science. 332: 1271–1272.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Aaronson DS, Horvath CM (2002): A road map for those who don’t know JAK-STAT. Science. 296: 1653–1655.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Storey M, Duncan RA, Swisher CC 3rd (2007): Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum and the opening of the Northeast Atlantic. Science. 316: 587–589.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
1. Yang C-F, Chen K-C, Cheng Y-H, Raja JAJ, Huang Y-L, Chien W-C, Yeh S-D (2014): Generation of marker-free transgenic plants concurrently resistant to a DNA geminivirus and a RNA tospovirus. Sci Rep. 4: 5717.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Collings S (2015): Interpretation and Application of UK GAAP. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
1. Halliday MAK (2016): Aspects of Language and Learning, 1st ed. 2016. (J. J. Webster, editor) The M.A.K. Halliday Library Functional Linguistics Series. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Schultz D, Cook C (2007): Adding Content. In: Cook C, editor. Beginning HTML with CSS and XHTML: Modern Guide and Reference. Berkeley, CA: Apress, pp 51–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biological Psychiatry.

Blog post
1. Andrews R (2016, May 7): Optical Illusion Zebra Crossings Are Appearing In India. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office (1977): Navigation Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Blackmar MD (2012): Wagner domesticated, Wagner democratized: The parlor reception of Musikdrama. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kishkovsky S (2001, June 10): Concert Settings Fit for a Romanov. New York Times. .

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (2, 4).
This sentence cites four references (2, 4, 6, 8).

About the journal

Full journal titleBiological Psychiatry
AbbreviationBiol. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)0006-3223
ISSN (online)1873-2402
ScopeBiological Psychiatry

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