How to format your references using the Biological Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biological Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Zeilinger A (2005): The message of the quantum. Nature 438: 743.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Oka T, McCall BJ (2011): Astronomy. Disclosing identities in diffuse interstellar bands. Science 331: 293–294.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Wallace K, Hardy G, Serabyn E (2000): Deep and stable interferometric nulling of broadband light with implications for observing planets around nearby stars. Nature 406: 700–702.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
1. Süel GM, Garcia-Ojalvo J, Liberman LM, Elowitz MB (2006): An excitable gene regulatory circuit induces transient cellular differentiation. Nature 440: 545–550.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Rios Insua D, Ruggeri F, Wiper MP (2012): Bayesian Analysis of Stochastic Process Models: Ruggeri/Bayesian Analysis of Stochastic Process Models. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
1. Sepp HR, Embree L (Eds.) (2010): Handbook of Phenomenological Aesthetics, vol. 59. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Ye E, Chee PL, Prasad A, Fang X, Owh C, Yeo VJJ, Loh XJ (2015): Supramolecular Soft Biomaterials for Biomedical Applications. In: Loh XJ, editor. In-Situ Gelling Polymers: For Biomedical Applications. Singapore: Springer, pp 107–125.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biological Psychiatry.

Blog post
1. Andrews R (2017, March 15): Why Isn’t There A Real Life King Kong? IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office (2005): Information Resource Management Internal Control Issues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Murray RW (2010): The Florida Migrant Education Program: An Analysis of Programmatic and Expenditure Practices. Boca Raton, FL: Florida Atlantic University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Hodgman J (2016, September 8): Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times MM30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (2,4).
This sentence cites four references (2,4,6,8).

About the journal

Full journal titleBiological Psychiatry
AbbreviationBiol. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)0006-3223
ISSN (online)1873-2402
ScopeBiological Psychiatry

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