How to format your references using the Biological Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biological Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Rind D (2002): The Sun’s role in climate variations. Science 296: 673–677.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Geballe TR, Oka T (2006): Astronomy. A key molecular ion in the universe and in the laboratory. Science 312: 1610–1612.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Madden MEE, Bodnar RJ, Rimstidt JD (2004): Jarosite as an indicator of water-limited chemical weathering on Mars. Nature 431: 821–823.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
1. Oda T, Iwasa M, Aihara T, Maéda Y, Narita A (2009): The nature of the globular- to fibrous-actin transition. Nature 457: 441–445.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Bullard B (2016): Style and Statistics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
1. Przytycka TM (Ed.) (2015): Research in Computational Molecular Biology: 19th Annual International Conference, RECOMB 2015, Warsaw, Poland, April 12-15, 2015, Proceedings, vol. 9029. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Ohkita M, Tokutaka H, Ohki M, Oyabu M, Fujimura K (2013): Classification of Chain-Link and Other Data with Spherical SOM. In: Estévez PA, Príncipe JC, Zegers P, editors. Advances in Self-Organizing Maps: 9th International Workshop, WSOM 2012 Santiago, Chile, December 12-14, 2012 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp 35–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biological Psychiatry.

Blog post
1. Luntz S (2014, September 29): Hikers Caught In Volcanic Eruption Capture Moment On Camera. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office (2006): Space Acquisitions: DOD Needs to Take More Action to Address Unrealistic Initial Cost Estimates of Space Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Schlumbrecht CE (2015): Do Negative Experiences Influence Substance Use in Adolescent Males and Females? Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly C (2008, March 1): Frugality Can Be Acquired, but It Can’t Be Bought. New York Times C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (2,4).
This sentence cites four references (2,4,6,8).

About the journal

Full journal titleBiological Psychiatry
AbbreviationBiol. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)0006-3223
ISSN (online)1873-2402
ScopeBiological Psychiatry

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