How to format your references using the Obesity Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Obesity Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shonkoff, J.P., 2011. Protecting brains, not simply stimulating minds. Science 333, 982–983.
A journal article with 2 authors
Camacho, J., Arenas, A., 2005. Food-web topology: universal scaling in food-web structure? Nature 435, E3-4; discussion E4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cohen, B.A., Hewins, R.H., Yu, Y., 2000. Evaporation in the young solar nebula as the origin of “just-right” melting of chondrules. Nature 406, 600–602.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Goldberg, M., Stucki, M., Falck, J., D’Amours, D., Rahman, D., Pappin, D., Bartek, J., Jackson, S.P., 2003. MDC1 is required for the intra-S-phase DNA damage checkpoint. Nature 421, 952–956.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Langlois, P., 2013. Simulation of Complex Systems in GIS. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Tscharntke, T., Leuschner, C., Zeller, M., Guhardja, E., Bidin, A. (Eds.), 2007. Stability of Tropical Rainforest Margins: Linking Ecological, Economic and Social Constraints of Land Use and Conservation, Environmental Science and Engineering, Environmental Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Cleophas, T.J., Zwinderman, A.H., 2014. Loglinear Models for Assessing Incident Rates with Varying Incident Risks (12 Populations with Different Drink Consumption Patterns), in: Zwinderman, A.H. (Ed.), Machine Learning in Medicine - Cookbook Three, SpringerBriefs in Statistics. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 35–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Obesity Medicine.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Self-Driving Car Travels 3,400 Miles Across America [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL https://www.iflscience.com/technology/driverless-car-travel-3400-miles-across-america/ (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990. Shared Resources Project: Evaluation Report (No. 142798). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sontag, M., 2006. Emotion and the Labeling Process (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., 2012. All-American Match, All-American Ending. New York Times B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shonkoff, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Camacho and Arenas, 2005; Shonkoff, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Camacho and Arenas, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Goldberg et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleObesity Medicine
AbbreviationObes. Med.
ISSN (print)2451-8476
ScopeEndocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Internal Medicine
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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