How to format your references using the Studies in Communication Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Studies in Communication Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dalcanton, J. J. (2009). 18 years of science with the Hubble Space Telescope. Nature, 457(7225), 41–50.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sharma, P., & Allison, J. P. (2015). The future of immune checkpoint therapy. Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6230), 56–61.
A journal article with 3 authors
Joliveau, E., Smith, J., & Wolfe, J. (2004). Acoustics: tuning of vocal tract resonance by sopranos. Nature, 427(6970), 116.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Partridge, G. B., Li, W., Kamar, R. I., Liao, Y.-A., & Hulet, R. G. (2006). Pairing and phase separation in a polarized Fermi gas. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5760), 503–505.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Manuele, F. A. (2005). On the Practice of Safety. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pasterkamp, R. J., Smidt, M. P., & Burbach, J. P. H. (Eds.). (2009). Development and Engineering of Dopamine Neurons (Vol. 651). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Zeng, Y., Zhuang, J., & Su, Z. (2016). Construction of Domain Ontology for Engineering Equipment Maintenance Support. In H. Chen, H. Ji, L. Sun, H. Wang, T. Qian, & T. Ruan (Eds.), Knowledge Graph and Semantic Computing: Semantic, Knowledge, and Linked Big Data: First China Conference, CCKS 2016, Beijing, China, September 19-22, 2016, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 33–38). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Studies in Communication Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, November 19). NASA Scientists Create Biodegradable Fungus Drone. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004). Federal Communications Commission: Federal Advisory Committees Follow Requirements, but FCC Should Improve Its Process for Appointing Committee Members (GAO-05-36). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hasbini, M. A. (2017). The Great Recession of 2007 and the Housing Market Crash: Why Did So Many Builders Fail? Lessons for the Local Homebuilding Industry [Doctoral dissertation]. University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Waldstein, D., & Rothenberg, B. (2016, September 2). They Built a Roof. It Got Loud. Now What? New York Times, D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dalcanton, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Dalcanton, 2009; Sharma & Allison, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sharma & Allison, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Joliveau et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Partridge et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleStudies in Communication Sciences
AbbreviationStud. Commun. Sci.
ISSN (print)1424-4896

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