How to format your references using the Studies in Communication Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Studies in Communication Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jeltsch, A. (2010). Molecular biology. Phylogeny of methylomes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5980), 837–838.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thomas, S. G., & Franklin-Tong, V. E. (2004). Self-incompatibility triggers programmed cell death in Papaver pollen. Nature, 429(6989), 305–309.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ballentine, C. J., Porcelli, D., & Wieler, R. (2001). Noble gases in mantle plumes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5512), 2269.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gerber, S., Comellas-Bigler, M., Goetz, B. A., & Locher, K. P. (2008). Structural basis of trans-inhibition in a molybdate/tungstate ABC transporter. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5886), 246–250.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cherrie, J. W., Howie, R. M., & Semple, S. (2010). Monitoring for Health Hazards at Work. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Lichtfouse, E. (Ed.). (2015). Sustainable Agriculture Reviews: Volume 17 (1st ed. 2015, Vol. 17). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Karkin, N., Koseoglu, O., & Sobaci, M. Z. (2015). Social Media Policy in Turkish Municipalities: Disparity Between Awareness and Implementation. In S. Nepal, C. Paris, & D. Georgakopoulos (Eds.), Social Media for Government Services (pp. 97–113). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Studies in Communication Sciences.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016, August 22). Chimpanzee Cooperation Looks A Lot Like Ours. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Air Traffic Control: Voice Communications System Challenges Continue (No. IMTEC-91-49). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rosie, S. A. (2012). Examining stakeholder perceptions of educational success in the Malagasy public education system (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O. (2014, November 21). Friday File. New York Times, p. C31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jeltsch, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Jeltsch, 2010; Thomas & Franklin-Tong, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thomas & Franklin-Tong, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Ballentine, Porcelli, & Wieler, 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Gerber, Comellas-Bigler, Goetz, & Locher, 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleStudies in Communication Sciences
AbbreviationStud. Commun. Sci.
ISSN (print)1424-4896

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