How to format your references using the Studies in Communication Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Studies in Communication Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
DeLong, E. F. (2012). Evolution. Microbial evolution in the wild. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6080), 422–424.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stuiver, M. H., & Custers, J. H. (2001). Engineering disease resistance in plants. Nature, 411(6839), 865–868.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, Q., He, K., & Huo, H. (2012). Policy: Cleaning China’s air. Nature, 484(7393), 161–162.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Muramatsu, D., Kawata, K., Aoki, S., Uchiyama, H., Okabe, M., Miyazaki, T., Kida, H., & Iwai, A. (2014). Stimulation with the Aureobasidium pullulans-produced β-glucan effectively induces interferon stimulated genes in macrophage-like cell lines. Scientific Reports, 4, 4777.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Berto, F. (2009). There’s Something about Gödel. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Margenov, S., Angelova, G., & Agre, G. (Eds.). (2016). Innovative Approaches and Solutions in Advanced Intelligent Systems (Vol. 648). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Goddard, J. (2008). Flea-Borne Diseases. In J. Goddard (Ed.), Infectious Diseases and Arthropods (pp. 131–142). Humana Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Studies in Communication Sciences.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2017, March 17). Scientists Just Replicated The Infamous Milgram Experiment. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Medical ADP Systems: Composite Health Care System Operational Test and Evaluation Costs (IMTEC-88-18BR). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kolasa, A. (2014). Essays on Firm Behavior in Developing Countries [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2008, April 29). In a 6-to-3 Vote, Justices Uphold A Voter ID Law. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (DeLong, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (DeLong, 2012; Stuiver & Custers, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stuiver & Custers, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Zhang et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Muramatsu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleStudies in Communication Sciences
AbbreviationStud. Commun. Sci.
ISSN (print)1424-4896

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