How to format your references using the Studies in Communication Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Studies in Communication Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Watson, A. (2000). EUROPEAN SPACE AGENCY: Getting More Out of Space. Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5495), 1287b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yack, J. E., & Fullard, J. H. (2000). Ultrasonic hearing in nocturnal butterflies. Nature, 403(6767), 265–266.
A journal article with 3 authors
Barsh, G. S., Farooqi, I. S., & O’Rahilly, S. (2000). Genetics of body-weight regulation. Nature, 404(6778), 644–651.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hungate, B. A., Stiling, P. D., Dijkstra, P., Johnson, D. W., Ketterer, M. E., Hymus, G. J., Hinkle, C. R., & Drake, B. G. (2004). CO2 elicits long-term decline in nitrogen fixation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5675), 1291.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Parke, R. D. (2013). Future Families. John Wiley & Sons.
An edited book
Crescenzi, F., & Mignani, S. (Eds.). (2014). Statistical Methods and Applications from a Historical Perspective: Selected Issues. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Renaud, K., & Crawford, H. (2014). Invisible, Passive, Continuous and Multimodal Authentication. In R. Murray-Smith (Ed.), Mobile Social Signal Processing: First International Workshop, MSSP 2010, Lisbon, Portugal, September 7, 2010, Invited Papers (pp. 34–41). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Studies in Communication Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, May 29). Universal Snake Venom Antidote On The Horizon. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). Cost and Legal Authority for Selected Financial Literacy Programs and Activities (GAO-11-781R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Short, D. D. (2009). Assessing effectiveness and economic efficiency in California Community College transfer advising [Doctoral dissertation]. Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mazzetti, M., Kulish, N., Drew, C., Kovaleski, S. F., Naylor, S. D., & Ismay, J. (2015, June 6). The Secret History of SEAL Team 6. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Watson, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Watson, 2000; Yack & Fullard, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yack & Fullard, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Barsh et al., 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hungate et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleStudies in Communication Sciences
AbbreviationStud. Commun. Sci.
ISSN (print)1424-4896

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