How to format your references using the European Journal of International Law citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of International Law. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Munk, 'Ocean Science. Ocean Freshening, Sea Level Rising', 300 Science (New York, N.Y.) (2003) 2041.
A journal article with 2 authors
Xavier and Bassler, 'Interference with AI-2-Mediated Bacterial Cell-Cell Communication', 437 Nature (2005) 750.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bannani, Bobisch, and Möller, 'Ballistic Electron Microscopy of Individual Molecules', 315 Science (New York, N.Y.) (2007) 1824.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Xu et al., 'Bioconversion of Wastewater from Sweet Potato Starch Production to Paenibacillus Polymyxa Biofertilizer for Tea Plants', 4 Scientific Reports (2014) 4131.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stoker J.J., Differential Geometry (1988).
An edited book
Howe C.Q., Perceiving Geometry: Geometrical Illusions Explained by Natural Scene Statistics (2005).
A chapter in an edited book
Lagudu, et al., 'Use of Geophysical and Hydrochemical Tools to Investigate Seawater Intrusion in Coastal Alluvial Aquifer, Andhra Pradesh, India', in C. Wetzelhuetter (ed.), Groundwater in the Coastal Zones of Asia-Pacific (2013) 49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of International Law.

Blog post
Davis J., Spread Of Sexually Transmitted Cancer Found In Dogs Tracked Around The World, 18 May 2016, IFLScience, available at (last visited 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Savings Available to Government on Certain IBM Automatic Data Processing Equipment, 093029 (1971).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gardina V.J., 'Analysis of LiDAR Data for Fluvial Geomorphic Change Detection at a Small Maryland Stream' (2008) (Doctoral dissertation thesis, available at University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, 'Not Over Till Overtime’s Due? Met Labor Strife Bares Secrets', New York Times (2014) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of International Law
AbbreviationEur. J. Int. Law
ISSN (print)0938-5428
Political Science and International Relations

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