How to format your references using the European Journal of International Law citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of International Law. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Meijer, 'Materials Science. Who Wins the Nonvolatile Memory Race?', 319 Science (New York, N.Y.) (2008) 1625.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schwämmle and Herrmann, 'Geomorphology: Solitary Wave Behaviour of Sand Dunes', 426 Nature (2003) 619.
A journal article with 3 authors
Morgan, Houghton, and Gibbons, 'Science and Government. Improving Science and Technology Advice for Congress', 293 Science (New York, N.Y.) (2001) 1999.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wilson et al., 'Resonance in the Electron-Doped High-Transition-Temperature Superconductor Pr0.88LaCe0.12CuO4-Delta', 442 Nature (2006) 59.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gup B.E., Banking and Financial Institutions (2011).
An edited book
Martin U. (ed.), Engineering of Stem Cells (2009).
A chapter in an edited book
Bera, , Biswas, , Bhattacharya, 'A Fast Digital-Geometric Approach for Granulometric Image Analysis', in G. P. Biswas and S. Mukhopadhyay (eds.), Recent Advances in Information Technology: RAIT-2014 Proceedings (2014) 37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of International Law.

Blog post
Andrew D., How to Make a Fire Tornado at Home, 8 July 2015, IFLScience, available at (last visited 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Grant Administration: Implementation of National Endowment for the Arts Reauthorization Act, GGD-91-102FS (1991).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Takayama M., 'The Development of Writing in Japanese and English of JHL Speakers and the Dynamics of Bilingual Learning' (2010) (Doctoral dissertation thesis, available at California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, 'American Eyes on Race in Australia', New York Times (2017) A2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of International Law
AbbreviationEur. J. Int. Law
ISSN (print)0938-5428
Political Science and International Relations

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