How to format your references using the European Journal of International Law citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of International Law. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marcus, 'Prediction of a Global Climate Change on Jupiter', 428 Nature (2004) 828.
A journal article with 2 authors
Park and Rapoport, 'Preserving the Membrane Barrier for Small Molecules during Bacterial Protein Translocation', 473 Nature (2011) 239.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reece, Drew, and Gardner, 'Sex Ratio Adjustment and Kin Discrimination in Malaria Parasites', 453 Nature (2008) 609.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ishiwata et al., 'Low-Magnetic-Field Control of Electric Polarization Vector in a Helimagnet', 319 Science (New York, N.Y.) (2008) 1643.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Klepinger L.L., Fundamentals of Forensic Anthropology (2006).
An edited book
Pnueli A., Virbitskaite I. and Voronkov A. (eds.), Perspectives of Systems Informatics: 7th International Andrei Ershov Memorial Conference, PSI 2009, Novosibirsk, Russia, June 15-19, 2009. Revised Papers (2010).
A chapter in an edited book
Guerraoui, , Letia, 'Disjoint-Access Parallelism Does Not Entail Scalability', in G. Noubir and M. Raynal (eds.), Networked Systems: Second International Conference, NETYS 2014, Marrakech, Morocco, May 15-17, 2014. Revised Selected Papers (2014) 41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of International Law.

Blog post
Carpineti A., Leaked Paper Suggests That The EmDrive Actually Works, 8 November 2016, IFLScience, available at (last visited 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Highway Safety: Have Automobile Weight Reductions Increased Highway Fatalities?, PEMD-92-1 (1991).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Svarda D., 'Man 2 Man' (2010) (Doctoral dissertation thesis, available at California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, 'Leg Injury May End Season for Cespedes', New York Times (2017) D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference Podolak, 'Planetary Science. The Case of Saturn’s Spin', 317 Science (New York, N.Y.) (2007) 1330 , available at
This sentence cites two references Konecky, 'Palaeoclimate: Monsoon Matters', 517 Nature (2015) 445 , available at, 'Physical Paradoxes', 424 Nature (2003) 705 , available at

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors:
  • Three authors:
  • Four or more authors: Skryabin et al., 'Soliton Self-Frequency Shift Cancellation in Photonic Crystal Fibers', 301 Science (New York, N.Y.) (2003) 1705 , available at

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of International Law
AbbreviationEur. J. Int. Law
ISSN (print)0938-5428
Political Science and International Relations

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