How to format your references using the European Journal of International Law citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of International Law. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kostelecký, 'Precision Measurement: The Magnetic Proton', 509 Nature (2014) 571.
A journal article with 2 authors
Donnelly and Woodruff, 'Intense Hurricane Activity over the Past 5,000 Years Controlled by El Niño and the West African Monsoon', 447 Nature (2007) 465.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sivars, Aivazian, and Pfeffer, 'Yip3 Catalyses the Dissociation of Endosomal Rab-GDI Complexes', 425 Nature (2003) 856.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hutko et al., 'Seismic Detection of Folded, Subducted Lithosphere at the Core-Mantle Boundary', 441 Nature (2006) 333.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Li R.C.-H., RF Circuit Design (2008).
An edited book
Schmidt B., Ion Beams in Materials Processing and Analysis (2013).
A chapter in an edited book
Ashbolt, 'Global Warming and Trans-Boundary Movement of Waterborne Microbial Pathogens', in A. Sumi, K. Fukushi and A. Hiramatsu (eds.), Adaptation and Mitigation Strategies for Climate Change (2010) 71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of International Law.

Blog post
Andrew E., Fire Rainbows And How They Form, 17 July 2014, IFLScience, available at https://www.iflscience.com/environment/fire-rainbows-and-how-they-form/ (last visited 30 October 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Information Technology: Implementation of Reform Legislation Needed to Improve Acquisitions and Operations, GAO-16-204T (2015).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tripathi R.B., 'Oligodendrogensis Following Experimental Spinal Cord Injury' (2008) (Doctoral dissertation thesis, available at Ohio State University, Columbus, OH).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, 'Exploring Gender as Disguise and Identity', New York Times (2015) CT10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference Kostelecký, 'Precision Measurement: The Magnetic Proton', 509 Nature (2014) 571 , available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/509571a..
This sentence cites two references Donnelly and Woodruff, 'Intense Hurricane Activity over the Past 5,000 Years Controlled by El Niño and the West African Monsoon', 447 Nature (2007) 465 , available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature05834Kostelecký, 'Precision Measurement: The Magnetic Proton', 509 Nature (2014) 571 , available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/509571a..

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors:
  • Three authors:
  • Four or more authors: Hutko et al., 'Seismic Detection of Folded, Subducted Lithosphere at the Core-Mantle Boundary', 441 Nature (2006) 333 , available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature04757.

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of International Law
AbbreviationEur. J. Int. Law
ISSN (print)0938-5428
ScopeLaw
Political Science and International Relations

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