How to format your references using the Journal of Materials Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Materials Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. T. Stivers: Comment on “Uracil DNA glycosylase activity is dispensable for immunoglobulin class switch.” Science 306(5704), 2042; author reply 2042 (2004).
A journal article with 2 authors
K. P. Körding and D. M. Wolpert: Bayesian integration in sensorimotor learning. Nature 427(6971), 244 (2004).
A journal article with 3 authors
L. V. Butov, A. C. Gossard, and D. S. Chemla: Macroscopically ordered state in an exciton system. Nature 418(6899), 751 (2002).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Laurberg, H. Asahara, A. Korostelev, J. Zhu, S. Trakhanov, and H. F. Noller: Structural basis for translation termination on the 70S ribosome. Nature 454(7206), 852 (2008).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
W. Moll and A. Moll: Schallschutz Im Wohnungsbau (Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2011).
An edited book
A. Hoppe, editor : Catastrophes: Views from Natural and Human Sciences, 1st ed. 2016 (Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016).
A chapter in an edited book
D. Bartlett: in Challenge and Change: Global Threats and the State in Twenty-First Century International Politics, edited by N. C. Noonan and V. Nadkarni (Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY, 2016), pp. 107–142.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Materials Research.

Blog post
E. Andrew: IFLScience (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Protest of NASA Contract Award (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1973).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
N. A. Gillan-Sanderson: A Study of the Effect of Additional Reading Assistance on Student Achievement, Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Wines: New York Times A14 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Materials Research
AbbreviationJ. Mater. Res.
ISSN (print)0884-2914
ISSN (online)2044-5326
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles