How to format your references using the Journal of Materials Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Materials Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Goldston: Budget instructions. Nature 461(7260), 25 (2009).
A journal article with 2 authors
T. M. Aide and H. R. Grau: Ecology. Globalization, migration, and Latin American ecosystems. Science 305(5692), 1915 (2004).
A journal article with 3 authors
H. Xu, S. Z. DeLuca, and P. H. O’Farrell: Manipulating the metazoan mitochondrial genome with targeted restriction enzymes. Science 321(5888), 575 (2008).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Xu, I. Lahiri, W. Wang, A. Wier, M. A. Cianfrocco, J. Chong, A. A. Hare, P. B. Dervan, F. DiMaio, A. E. Leschziner, and D. Wang: Structural basis for the initiation of eukaryotic transcription-coupled DNA repair. Nature 551(7682), 653 (2017).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C. Graham: Markov Chains: Analytic and Monte Carlo Computations (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2014).
An edited book
V. Pankratius and M. Philippsen, editors : Multicore Software Engineering, Performance, and Tools: International Conference, MSEPT 2012, Prague, Czech Republic, May 31 - June 1, 2012. Proceedings (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012).
A chapter in an edited book
J. Kappauf, B. Lauterbach, and M. Koch: in Logistic Core Operations with SAP: Procurement, Production and Distribution Logistics, edited by B. Lauterbach and M. Koch (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011), pp. 59–138.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Materials Research.

Blog post
T. Hale: IFLScience (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Survey of the Activities of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s National Weather Service (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1976).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. M. Luse: Invariants of Knots, Graphs, and Feynman Diagrams, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Surico: New York Times A25 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Materials Research
AbbreviationJ. Mater. Res.
ISSN (print)0884-2914
ISSN (online)2044-5326
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles