How to format your references using the Journal of Materials Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Materials Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Q. Schiermeier: Sea of dreams. Nature 456(7221), 540 (2008).
A journal article with 2 authors
R. P. Viscidi and K. V. Shah: Cancer. A skin cancer virus? Science 319(5866), 1049 (2008).
A journal article with 3 authors
D. S. Balser, R. T. Rood, and T. M. Bania: Comment on “Deep mixing of 3He: reconciling Big Bang and stellar nucleosynthesis.” Science 317(5842), 1170 (2007).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Marrison, L. Räty, P. Marriott, and P. O’Toole: Ptychography--a label free, high-contrast imaging technique for live cells using quantitative phase information. Sci. Rep. 3, 2369 (2013).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. B. Heimann: Classic and Advanced Ceramics (Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2010).
An edited book
C. D. Geddes, editor : Who’s Who in Fluorescence 2009 (Springer, New York, NY, 2009).
A chapter in an edited book
N. Bosso, M. Spiryagin, A. Gugliotta, and A. Somà: in Mechatronic Modeling of Real-Time Wheel-Rail Contact, edited by M. Spiryagin, A. Gugliotta, and A. Somà (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013), pp. 55–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Materials Research.

Blog post
D. Andrew: IFLScience (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Computers: Information on the Patent and Trademark Office Automation Program (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1985).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
W. P. DeHart: The Leader Liminal Sphere: A Phenomenological Inquiry, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. W. Walsh: New York Times B1 (2012).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Materials Research
AbbreviationJ. Mater. Res.
ISSN (print)0884-2914
ISSN (online)2044-5326
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles