How to format your references using the Journal of Materials Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Materials Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Adam: Industrial solvents: clean and green...but are they mean? Nature 407(6807), 938 (2000).
A journal article with 2 authors
H. Bhaskaran and R. Russell: Kinetic redistribution of native and misfolded RNAs by a DEAD-box chaperone. Nature 449(7165), 1014 (2007).
A journal article with 3 authors
G. H. Jones, A. Balogh, and T. S. Horbury: Identification of comet Hyakutake’s extremely long ion tail from magnetic field signatures. Nature 404(6778), 574 (2000).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
B. G. Ju, S. Jeong, E. Bae, S. Hyun, S. B. Carroll, J. Yim, and J. Kim: Fringe forms a complex with Notch. Nature 405(6783), 191 (2000).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Dubin: Numerical and Analytical Methods for Scientists and Engineers, Using Mathematica (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2005).
An edited book
A. De Angelis: Introduction to Particle and Astroparticle Physics: Questions to the Universe, 1st ed. 2015 (Springer, Milano, 2015).
A chapter in an edited book
T. Toben, S. Eilers, C. Kuka, S. Schweigert, H. Winkelmann, and S. Ruehrup: in Leveraging Applications of Formal Methods, Verification, and Validation: International Workshops, SARS 2011 and MLSC 2011, Held Under the Auspices of ISoLA 2011 in Vienna, Austria, October 17-18, 2011. Revised Selected Papers, edited by R. Hähnle, J. Knoop, T. Margaria, D. Schreiner, and B. Steffen (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012), pp. 61–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Materials Research.

Blog post
S. Luntz: IFLScience (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Federal Research: Aging Federal Laboratories Need Repairs and Upgrades (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1993).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. N. Burns: Impact of Cognitive Tasks on Gait Parameters in Collegiate Athletes, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
T. La GORCE: New York Times ST14 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Materials Research
AbbreviationJ. Mater. Res.
ISSN (print)0884-2914
ISSN (online)2044-5326
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles