How to format your references using the Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Felten DL. 2006. IRBs: going too far or not far enough? Science (New York, N.Y.) 313(5792): 1388–9; author reply 1388-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Monk J, Palsson BO. 2014. Genetics. Predicting microbial growth. Science (New York, N.Y.) 344(6191): 1448–1449.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen J, Carlson BE, Del Genio AD. 2002. Evidence for strengthening of the tropical general circulation in the 1990s. Science (New York, N.Y.) 295(5556): 838–841.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Bertet P et al. 2001. A complementarity experiment with an interferometer at the quantum-classical boundary. Nature 411(6834): 166–170.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hermans J, Lentz B. 2013. Equilibria and Kinetics of Biological Macromolecules. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Bondavalli A, Di Giandomenico F (eds). 2014. Computer Safety, Reliability, and Security: 33rd International Conference, SAFECOMP 2014, Florence, Italy, September 10-12, 2014. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing: Cham, 8666.
A chapter in an edited book
de Bruijn H, ten Heuvelhof EF, in ‘t Veld R. 2010. The Process Architect in Action: Making a Process Design. In Process Management: Why Project Management Fails in Complex Decision Making Processes, ten Heuvelhof E, in ’t Veld R (eds). Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg: 59–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal.

Blog post
Carpineti C. 2017, February 16. One Of The World’s Leading Astronomers Has A Dire Warning For Humanity. IFLScience. IFLScience. [30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. NASA Facilities: Challenges to Achieving Reductions and Efficiencies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Randolph JL. 2017. A Mixed-Methods Investigation of FMS Shoulder Mobility and Reported Upper Body Injury in Collegiate Football Athletes at a Division II Midwestern University. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B. 2017, September 6. Federer and Nadal Have Never Met In New York, but Have Come Close. New York Times : B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Felten, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Felten, 2006; Monk and Palsson, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Monk and Palsson, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Chen, Carlson, and Del Genio, 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Bertet et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleStrategic Entrepreneurship Journal
ISSN (print)1932-4391
ISSN (online)1932-443X

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