How to format your references using the Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Knutson B. 2004. Behavior. Sweet revenge? Science (New York, N.Y.) 305(5688): 1246–1247.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nisbet MC, Mooney C. 2007. Science and society. Framing Science. Science (New York, N.Y.) 316(5821): 56.
A journal article with 3 authors
Babaev E, Sudbø A, Ashcroft NW. 2004. A superconductor to superfluid phase transition in liquid metallic hydrogen. Nature 431(7009): 666–668.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Kory N et al. 2018. SFXN1 is a mitochondrial serine transporter required for one-carbon metabolism. Science (New York, N.Y.) 362(6416).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Seagal ZM, Surnina OM. 2016. Ultrasonic Topographical and Pathotopographical Anatomy. John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Ashraf M, Ozturk M, Athar HR (eds). 2009. Salinity and Water Stress: Improving Crop Efficiency. Tasks for Vegetation Sciences. Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 44.
A chapter in an edited book
Cazella SC, Reategui EB, Behar P. 2010. Recommendation of Learning Objects Applying Collaborative Filtering and Competencies. In Key Competencies in the Knowledge Society: IFIP TC 3 International Conference, KCKS 2010, Held as Part of WCC 2010, Brisbane, Australia, September 20-23, 2010. Proceedings, IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology, Reynolds N, Turcsányi-Szabó M (eds). Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg: 35–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal.

Blog post
Andrew D. 2017, May 22. New Zealand’s Alpine Fault Reveals Extreme Underground Heat And Fluid Pressure. IFLScience. IFLScience. [30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1987. Rail Abandonments: Abandonment Activity and Shipper Views on Rail Service Loss. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wang S. 2017. Experimental Investigations of the Critical Flowback Velocity for Various Types of Proppant in Hydraulic-Fracturing Fluids with Different Viscosities. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B. 2017, April 19. Too Shocking for Midtown in the 1920s. New York Times : C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Knutson, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Knutson, 2004; Nisbet and Mooney, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nisbet and Mooney, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Babaev, Sudbø, and Ashcroft, 2004)
  • 4 or more authors: (Kory et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleStrategic Entrepreneurship Journal
ISSN (print)1932-4391
ISSN (online)1932-443X

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