How to format your references using the Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wilson JM. 2009. Medicine. A history lesson for stem cells. Science (New York, N.Y.) 324(5928): 727–728.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yasunaga M, Matsumura Y. 2014. Role of SLC6A6 in promoting the survival and multidrug resistance of colorectal cancer. Scientific reports 4: 4852.
A journal article with 3 authors
Buchner DA, Trudeau M, Meisler MH. 2003. SCNM1, a putative RNA splicing factor that modifies disease severity in mice. Science (New York, N.Y.) 301(5635): 967–969.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Colgin LL et al. 2009. Frequency of gamma oscillations routes flow of information in the hippocampus. Nature 462(7271): 353–357.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wilson M. 2013. Everyday Moral Economies. John Wiley & Sons: Oxford.
An edited book
Botti V. 2008. ANEMONA: A Mulit-agent Methodology for Holonic Manufacturing Systems. Springer Series in Advanced Manufacturing, Giret A (ed). Springer: London.
A chapter in an edited book
Kwok-bun C, Wai-wan C. 2011. The Spatial Triangulation of Immigrant Entrepreneurship. In Mobile Chinese Entrepreneurs, Wai-wan C (ed). Springer: New York, NY: 69–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015, August 27. Solved: The Mystery Of Why It’s Impossible To Pull Apart Interleaved Phone Books. IFLScience. IFLScience. [30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. Drug Testing: Management Problems and Legal Challenges Facing DOT’s Industry Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peters WC. 2017. An Evaluation of the Relationship Between Critical Technology Developments and Technology Maturity. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stack L, Schweber N. 2015, August 29. 2 Shot by Undercover New York City Officer in Westchester. New York Times : A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wilson, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Wilson, 2009; Yasunaga and Matsumura, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yasunaga and Matsumura, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Buchner, Trudeau, and Meisler, 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Colgin et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleStrategic Entrepreneurship Journal
ISSN (print)1932-4391
ISSN (online)1932-443X

Other styles