How to format your references using the Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lepenies W. 2001. Cultures of knowledge. Nature 410(6829): 629–630.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kummamuru RK, Soh Y-A. 2008. Electrical effects of spin density wave quantization and magnetic domain walls in chromium. Nature 452(7189): 859–863.
A journal article with 3 authors
Barthelemy P, Bertolotti J, Wiersma DS. 2008. A Lévy flight for light. Nature 453(7194): 495–498.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
von Dohlen CD, Kohler S, Alsop ST, McManus WR. 2001. Mealybug beta-proteobacterial endosymbionts contain gamma-proteobacterial symbionts. Nature 412(6845): 433–436.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
de Almeida JPM, Maunder EAW. 2017. Equilibrium Finite Element Formulations. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Müller T (ed). 2014. Nuel Belnap on Indeterminism and Free Action. Outstanding Contributions to Logic. Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhou Y, Qin Y. 2012. Income Inequality of China’s Total Resident and the Factors Which Impact It. In Empirical Analysis on Income Inequality of Chinese Residents, Gu Shutang Academic Fund of Economics, Qin Y (ed). Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg: 125–149.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015, July 13. Tiny Worms Get Around Using Slug Guts And Poop. IFLScience. IFLScience. [30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1995. Weather Forecasting: Radars Far Superior to Predecessors, but Location and Availability Questions Remain. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yendes DL. 2010. Remnants of Life. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B. 2016, September 8. An Exclusive Club, With Elusive Perks. New York Times : B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lepenies, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Kummamuru and Soh, 2008; Lepenies, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kummamuru and Soh, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Barthelemy, Bertolotti, and Wiersma, 2008)
  • 4 or more authors: (von Dohlen et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleStrategic Entrepreneurship Journal
ISSN (print)1932-4391
ISSN (online)1932-443X

Other styles