How to format your references using the Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ohman M. 2012. Biochemistry. A cold editor makes the adaptation. Science (New York, N.Y.) 335(6070): 805–806.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kofoed EM, Vance RE. 2011. Innate immune recognition of bacterial ligands by NAIPs determines inflammasome specificity. Nature 477(7366): 592–595.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nelson WA, Bjørnstad ON, Yamanaka T. 2013. Recurrent insect outbreaks caused by temperature-driven changes in system stability. Science (New York, N.Y.) 341(6147): 796–799.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Jung H, In C, Choi H, Lee H. 2014. Anisotropy modeling of terahertz metamaterials: polarization dependent resonance manipulation by meta-atom cluster. Scientific reports 4: 5217.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heritier S, Cantoni E, Copt S, Victoria-Feser M-P. 2009. Robust Methods in Biostatistics: Heritier/Robust Methods in Biostatistics. Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Gudipati MS, Castillo-Rogez J (eds). 2013. The Science of Solar System Ices. Astrophysics and Space Science Library. Springer: New York, NY, 356.
A chapter in an edited book
Godart B, de Rooij M, Wood JGM. 2013. Severity Investigation. In Guide to Diagnosis and Appraisal of AAR Damage to Concrete in Structures: Part 1 Diagnosis (AAR 6.1), RILEM State-of-the-Art Reports, Godart B, de Rooij M, Wood JGM (eds). Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht: 65–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal.

Blog post
Andrew D. 2016, August 17. Is It True Only Half Your Friends Actually Like You? IFLScience. IFLScience. [30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. Leo Herbert, GAO, 1956-1974. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Luscinski A. 2017. Best Practices in Adult Online Learning. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) LG. 2005, November 29. National Briefing | Washington: Chunk Of Marble Falls From Supreme Court. New York Times : A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ohman, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Kofoed and Vance, 2011; Ohman, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kofoed and Vance, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Nelson, Bjørnstad, and Yamanaka, 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Jung et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleStrategic Entrepreneurship Journal
ISSN (print)1932-4391
ISSN (online)1932-443X

Other styles