How to format your references using the Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gordon P. 2004. Numerical cognition without words: evidence from Amazonia. Science (New York, N.Y.) 306(5695): 496–499.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mudd JO, Kass DA. 2008. Tackling heart failure in the twenty-first century. Nature 451(7181): 919–928.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mellman I, Coukos G, Dranoff G. 2011. Cancer immunotherapy comes of age. Nature 480(7378): 480–489.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Simpson SD, Meekan M, Montgomery J, McCauley R, Jeffs A. 2005. Homeward sound. Science (New York, N.Y.) 308(5719): 221.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Uribe S. 2017. Frontier Road. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Ambrosini V, Fanti S (eds). 2016. PET/CT in Neuroendocrine Tumors. Clinicians’ Guides to Radionuclide Hybrid Imaging. Springer International Publishing: Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Dizon EZ. 2016. Underwater Archaeology of the San Diego a 1600 Spanish Galleon in the Philippines. In Early Navigation in the Asia-Pacific Region: A Maritime Archaeological Perspective, Wu C (ed). Springer: Singapore: 91–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014, April 21. Coming Soon: A Telescope Large Enough to Spot Alien Life. IFLScience. IFLScience. [30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. ADP Modernization: IRS’ Automated Examination System--Troubled Past, Uncertain Future. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Graber ME. 2013. Best practices in enhancement deals: Nonprofit and for profit theatrical collaborations. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly DA. 2004, June 18. 36 Hours | Williamsburg, Va. New York Times : F5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gordon, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Gordon, 2004; Mudd and Kass, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mudd and Kass, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Mellman, Coukos, and Dranoff, 2011)
  • 4 or more authors: (Simpson et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleStrategic Entrepreneurship Journal
ISSN (print)1932-4391
ISSN (online)1932-443X

Other styles