How to format your references using the Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein M. 2012. Public health: Prevention comes of age. Nature 488(7413): S11-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yue Y, Angell CA. 2004. Clarifying the glass-transition behaviour of water by comparison with hyperquenched inorganic glasses. Nature 427(6976): 717–720.
A journal article with 3 authors
Galdi S, Arcuri L, Gawronski B. 2008. Automatic mental associations predict future choices of undecided decision-makers. Science (New York, N.Y.) 321(5892): 1100–1102.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Zhao J et al. 2014. Manipulation of acoustic focusing with an active and configurable planar metasurface transducer. Scientific reports 4: 6257.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Korhonen J, Savolainen T, Soininen J. 2013. Deploying IPv6 in 3GPP Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Shi Y, Xu W, Chen Z (eds). 2005. Data Mining and Knowledge Management: Chinese Academy of Sciences Symposium CASDMKM 2004, Beijing, China, July 12-14, 2004. Revised Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 3327.
A chapter in an edited book
Makna J, Kirikova M. 2011. Patterns-Based IS Change Management in SMEs. In Information Systems Development: Asian Experiences, Song WW et al. (eds). Springer: New York, NY: 55–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015, February 13. What Do The Bacteria Living In Your Gut Have To Do With Your Immune System? IFLScience. IFLScience. [30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. Attack Warning: NORAD’s Communications System Segment Replacement Program Should Be Reassessed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fisher JD. 2015. A profile of the chief student affairs officers of the California State University system. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burns A, Remnick N. 2016, August 5. Pence Breaks Ranks With Trump, Again, to Support Snubbed Republican Senators. New York Times : A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eisenstein, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Eisenstein, 2012; Yue and Angell, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yue and Angell, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Galdi, Arcuri, and Gawronski, 2008)
  • 4 or more authors: (Zhao et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleStrategic Entrepreneurship Journal
ISSN (print)1932-4391
ISSN (online)1932-443X

Other styles