How to format your references using the Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Boetius A. 2005. Ocean science. Lost City life. Science (New York, N.Y.) 307(5714): 1420–1422.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cheney RE, Rodriguez OC. 2001. Cell biology. A switch to release the motor. Science (New York, N.Y.) 293(5533): 1263–1264.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reinisch KM, Nibert ML, Harrison SC. 2000. Structure of the reovirus core at 3.6 A resolution. Nature 404(6781): 960–967.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Ho GC et al. 2011. MESSENGER observations of transient bursts of energetic electrons in Mercury’s magnetosphere. Science (New York, N.Y.) 333(6051): 1865–1868.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heuer A. 2012. Der perfekte Tipp. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Magnani L, Carnielli W, Pizzi C (eds). 2010. Model-Based Reasoning in Science and Technology: Abduction, Logic, and Computational Discovery. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 314.
A chapter in an edited book
Wen JG. 2014. Transmission Electron Microscopy. In Practical Materials Characterization, Sardela M (ed). Springer: New York, NY: 189–229.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014, December 19. Amputee Simultaneously Controls Two Robotic Prosthetic Limbs With His Thoughts. IFLScience. IFLScience. [30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Education Programs: Major Issues Affecting Postsecondary Education, School-to-Work, and Youth Employment Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wright JL. 2015. Shade Tolerance and Physiological Response to Light Regime of the Invasive Species Lonicera maackii (Amur honeysuckle). Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Markoff J. 2017, March 1. Shhh! That Helpful Robot May Pose a Security Risk. New York Times : B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Boetius, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Boetius, 2005; Cheney and Rodriguez, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cheney and Rodriguez, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Reinisch, Nibert, and Harrison, 2000)
  • 4 or more authors: (Ho et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleStrategic Entrepreneurship Journal
ISSN (print)1932-4391
ISSN (online)1932-443X

Other styles