How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Broadcasting citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Broadcasting. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S. Hoffman, “Save the children,” Nature, vol. 430, no. 7002, pp. 940–941, Aug. 2004.
A journal article with 2 authors
C. J. Lord and A. Ashworth, “The DNA damage response and cancer therapy,” Nature, vol. 481, no. 7381, pp. 287–294, Jan. 2012.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. El-Ali, P. K. Sorger, and K. F. Jensen, “Cells on chips,” Nature, vol. 442, no. 7101, pp. 403–411, Jul. 2006.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R. Motokawa et al., “Collective structural changes in vermiculite clay suspensions induced by cesium ions,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 6585, Oct. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. M. Bojar, Manual of Perioperative Care in Adult Cardiac Surgery. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010.
An edited book
M. S. Rahman and S. Fujita, Eds., WALCOM: Algorithms and Computation: 4th International Workshop, WALCOM 2010, Dhaka, Bangladesh, February 10-12, 2010. Proceedings, vol. 5942. in Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 5942. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
C. Power, “BASIC EDUCATION FOR ALL,” in Towards a Global Community: Educating for Tomorrow’s World, J. Campbell, N. Baikaloff, and C. Power, Eds., in EDUCATION IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION: ISSUES, CONCERNS AND PROSPECTS. , Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2006, pp. 71–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Broadcasting.

Blog post
R. Andrews, “Here’s How To See Today’s Arietids Daylight Meteor Shower,” IFLScience. Accessed: Oct. 30, 2018. [Online]. Available:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “National Airspace System: Regional Airport Planning Could Help Address Congestion If Plans Were Integrated with FAA and Airport Decision Making,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-10-120, Dec. 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. O. Ballan, “The selfie generation: Students’ perceptions of classroom incivility in social work education,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Kenigsberg, “Imperfections,” New York Times, p. C9, Jul. 27, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Broadcasting
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. On Broadcast.
ISSN (print)0018-9316
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Media Technology

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