How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Broadcasting citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Broadcasting. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Goldston, “The new boss in town,” Nature, vol. 457, no. 7225, p. 17, Jan. 2009.
A journal article with 2 authors
L. Wu and I. D. Hickson, “The Bloom’s syndrome helicase suppresses crossing over during homologous recombination,” Nature, vol. 426, no. 6968, pp. 870–874, Dec. 2003.
A journal article with 3 authors
R. E. Moritz, C. M. Bitz, and E. J. Steig, “Dynamics of recent climate change in the Arctic,” Science, vol. 297, no. 5586, pp. 1497–1502, Aug. 2002.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. Nguyen, A. D. Sutton, M. Brynda, J. C. Fettinger, G. J. Long, and P. P. Power, “Synthesis of a stable compound with fivefold bonding between two chromium(I) centers,” Science, vol. 310, no. 5749, pp. 844–847, Nov. 2005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B. Christophers, Banking Across Boundaries. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2013.
An edited book
D. Prusky and M. L. Gullino, Eds., Postharvest Pathology, vol. 2. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
W. Fikentscher, P. Hacker, and R. Podszun, “Sanctions and Procedure,” in FairEconomy: Crises, Culture, Competition and the Role of Law, P. Hacker and R. Podszun, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013, pp. 131–147.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Broadcasting.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Elephant Herd Teams Up To Rescue Baby,” IFLScience, Sep. 18, 2014. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Activities of the Economic Opportunities Development Corporation of San Antonio and Bexar County, Texas,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, HRD-78-106, Apr. 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E. D. Wood, “A Study of the Effect of Grouping Students and Results on the Ohio Achievement Assessment for Reading,” Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. David Goodman, “Mayor Fills Key Position in City’s Effort to Combat Rise in Homelessness,” New York Times, p. A21, Jan. 06, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Broadcasting
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. On Broadcast.
ISSN (print)0018-9316
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Media Technology

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